|Born||James Alexander Radomski
January 23, 1932
Venice Beach, California, USA
|Occupation||actor, playwright and director|
James Rado (born James Radomski, January 23, 1932) is an American actor, writer and composer, best known as the co-author, along with Gerome Ragni, of 1967's groundbreaking American tribal love-rock musical Hair. He and Ragni were nominated for the 1969 Tony Award for best musical, and they won for best musical at the Grammy Awards in 1969.
He was raised in Rochester, N.Y. and Washington, D.C. In college, Rado majored in Speech and Drama and began writing songs. He co-authored two musical shows at the University of Maryland, Interlude and Interlude II. After graduation, followed by two years in the U.S. Navy, he returned to school in Washington, D.C. for graduate work at The Catholic University of America, where he co-authored a musical revue called Cross Your Fingers. He wrote the lyrics and music for all of his early songs.
He then moved to New York where he studied acting with Lee Strasberg and also wrote pop songs which he recorded with his own band, James Alexander and the Argyles. Rado's first Broadway show was Marathon '33 in 1963. In 1966, Rado originated the Broadway role of Richard Lionheart in The Lion in Winter by James Goldman, starring Robert Preston and Rosemary Harris.
He met Gerome Ragni in 1964, when they acted together in the off-Broadway play Hang Down Your Head and Die. Later, both Rado and Ragni were cast in the roles of Tom and Tolan in the Chicago company of Mike Nichols' production of The Knack, by Ann Jellicoe.
Rado and Ragni became friends and began writing Hair together in late 1964. Rado explained, "We were great friends. It was a passionate kind of relationship that we directed into creativity, into writing, into creating this piece. We put the drama between us on stage." He recalled, "There was so much excitement in the streets and the parks and the hippie areas, and we thought if we could transmit this excitement to the stage it would be wonderful.... We hung out with them and went to their Be-Ins [and] let our hair grow. Hair premiered off-Broadway in October 1967 and opened on Broadway in April 1968. It became a sensation, running for 1,750 performances and spawning numerous productions around the world and a 1979 film adaptation. Some of the songs from its score became Top 10 hits, and numerous albums of the songs have been released. The 2009 Broadway revival has earned the Tony Award for best revival and has also opened in London's West End.
Although he did not play the part of Claude when the show premiered Off-Broadway, Rado originated the role of Claude on Broadway, performing opposite Ragni as Berger. He also played Claude in the later Los Angeles production. The main characters of Claude and Berger were autobiographical to a degree, with Rado's Claude being the pensive romantic. In a 2008 interview with The Advocate, Rado publicly described himself for the first time as omnisexual and spoke openly of being Ragni's lover.
After the success of Hair, Rado and Ragni went their separate ways for a period of time in the early Seventies. While Ragni and Hair composer Galt MacDermot collaborated on Dude, Rado wrote a musical entitled The Rainbow Rainbeam Radio Roadshow, or Rainbow for short, collaborating on the book with his brother Ted Rado and contributing his own music and lyrics. Rainbow opened Off-Broadway at the Orpheum Theater in December 1972. The musical is a sequel of sorts to Hair with a character called Man who was killed in the Vietnam War and who now lives in Rainbow land. Clive Barnes gave it a positive review in The New York Times, writing "[Rainbow] is joyous and life-assertive. It is the first musical to derive from Hair that really seems to have the confidence of a new creation about it, largely derived from James Rado's sweet and fresh music and lyrics." Since then, Rainbow has been revised numerous times, in some developments becoming more explicitly a sequel to Hair, as when it became Rainbow: The Ghost of Vietnam in the late Nineties, and in others becoming more abstract as in its newest version, initially titled Billy Earth: The New Rainbow and now known as American Soldier: The White Haunted House.
In 1974, Rado reunited with Ragni to co-write Sun: An Audio Movie, a show with music by Steve Margoshes based on a play by New York writer Joyce Greller with themes about pollution and the environment. The musical (then titled YMCA) was initially staged for backers in 1976, in a workshop directed by John Vaccaro, with appearances by Ruby Lynn Reyner and Annie-Joe Edwards. Rado and Ragni would later write another musical together, again with Margoshes, entitled Jack Sound and His Dog Star Blowing His Final Trumpet on the Day of Doom. The show ran at La MaMa in the summer of 1978.
Since Ragni's death in 1991, Rado has been active in developing new productions of Hair, including the 11 city 1994 national tour which he directed, and the 2006 CanStage production in Toronto. He has also been active in redeveloping Sun: An Audio Movie. In 1998, a version of Sun with a score by Hair collaborator MacDermot briefly appeared in concert form before the show presumably reverted to the original score by Margoshes.
Since 2011, Rado has been creative consultant for the futuristic rock musical Barcode, written and workshopped at a downtown Manhattan rock club in 2012 by the members of New York indie band Gladshot, and premiered in August 2013 at the New York International Fringe Festival. On December 3, 2011, Rado performed songs from Barcode at Occupy Wall Street's Occupy Broadway.
- Family Tree Legends James Radomski
- Hair the Musical | The Show | Creatives: James Rado[dead link] hairthemusical.co.uk, accessed Aug 8, 2010
- Rado, James (February 14, 2003). "Hairstory - The Story Behind the Story", hairthemusical.com. Retrieved on April 11, 2008
- "Hang Down You Head and Die". Lortel Archives: The Internet Off-Broadway Database. Retrieved on January 9, 2009.
- 40 years of 'Hair', Newark Star-Ledger (July 19, 2008). Retrieved on July 26, 2008.
- Taylor, Kate (September 14, 2007). The Beat Goes On, The New York Sun. The New York Sun, One, SL, LLC. Retrieved on May 27, 2008.
- "The Man Behind the Hair", The Advocate, August 13, 2008, retrieved 2008-09-06
- James Rado - complete guide to the Playwright, Doollee.com, The Playwrights Database
- New York Times review
- McGrath, Sean, James Rado Fine-tunes Hair for OOB Revival, Playbill, Feb. 2, 1998, accessed Aug 8, 2010
- My new show: BILLY EARTH, hairthemusical.com, Dec. 9, 2005, accessed Aug 8, 2010
- The new show : AMERICAN SOLDIER, hairthemusical.com, Dec 9, 2005, accessed Aug 8, 2010
- "James Rado", playbill.com, Retrieved 1/07/10
- Washington Times 3/6/94
- Official Hair Website: Journal
- The Musical Works of HAiR Composer Galt MacDermot, galtmacdermot.com, accessed Aug 8, 2010
- Barcode website, Gladshot.com, accessed December 7, 2011
- Nicks, Denver. "Barcode the Musical Makes Occupop Pop", Huffington Post, October 11, 2012
- "FringeNYC: Barcode; Stranded on Motor Parkway; What's an Anjan?", Theater Mania, Aug 13, 2013
- Futuristic Rock Musical BARCODE to Play FringeNYC, Begin. 8/9, Broadwayworld, August 2, 2013
- "Untangling the Fringe", New York Post, Aug 10, 2013
- 60's "Occupy Wall Street: Police Evict Protesters From New York's Zuccotti Park: '60s Link to Occupy Wall Street", Huffington Post, December 3, 2011
- The official Hair the musical website by James Rado
- James Rado at the Internet Broadway Database
- James Rado at the Internet Movie Database