James Reed Hallowell (December 27, 1841 – June 24, 1898) was a politician from Kansas. Hallowell grew up in Columbus, Kansas. Hallowell served in the Kansas House of Representatives in 1876 and then served in the Kansas State Senate 1877 and 1879. He won election to the United States House of Representatives in 1878 as a Republican, but Congress refused to seat him, because Kansas was only entitled to three seats in the House. Hallowell went to DePauw University; then he enlisted in the 11th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment and fought in the American Civil War. After the war, Hallowell moved to Cherokee County, Kansas where he practiced law and was the United States Attorney. He died in Crawfordsville, Indiana.