|Born||James Edward Rothman
November 3, 1950
|Alma mater||Yale University, Harvard University|
|Academic advisors||Harvey Lodish|
|Notable awards||Heinrich Wieland Prize (1990)
Richard Lounsbery Award (1997)
Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize (2002)
Albert Lasker Award for
Basic Medical Research (2002)
E. B. Wilson Medal (2010)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2013)
James Edward Rothman (born November 3, 1950) is the Fergus F. Wallace Professor of Biomedical Sciences at Yale University, the Chairman of the Department of Cell Biology at Yale School of Medicine, and the Director of the Nanobiology Institute at the Yale West Campus. Rothman is also concurrently serving as adjunct professor of physiology and cellular biophysics at Columbia University. and a research professor at the Institute of Neurology, University College, London. Rothman was awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, for his work on vesicle trafficking (shared with Randy Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof). He has also received many other honors, including the King Faisal International Prize in 1996, the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University and the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research both in 2002.
Rothman graduated from the ivy academia in 1967 then received his B.A. in physics at Yale University in 1971 and his Ph.D. in biological chemistry at Harvard in 1976 working with Eugene Patrick Kennedy. He then did his postdoctoral training with Harvey Lodish at Massachusetts Institute of Technology working on glycosylation of membrane proteins.
Rothman began his career in the Department of Biochemistry at Stanford University in 1978. He was at Princeton University, from 1988 to 1991, before coming to New York to found the Department of Cellular Biochemistry and Biophysics at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, where he also served as vice chairman of Sloan-Kettering Institute. In 2003, he left Sloan-Kettering to become a professor of physiology at Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons and the head of Columbia's Center for Chemical Biology. He moved from Columbia to Yale in 2008, retaining a part-time appointment at Columbia.
Research and awards
Rothman's research details how vesicles—tiny sac-like structures that transport hormones, growth factors, and other molecules within cells—know how to reach their correct destination and where and when to release their contents. This cellular trafficking underlies many critical physiological functions, including the propagation of the cell itself in division, communication between nerve cells in the brain, secretion of insulin and other hormones in the body, and nutrient uptake. Defects in this process lead to a wide variety of conditions, including diabetes and infectious diseases such as botulism.
Rothman was awarded the 2013 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine together with Randy Schekman and Thomas C. Südhof for “their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells.”
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- "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013". Nobel Prize. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- Columbia press release June 9, 2003
- Yale press release September 12, 2008
- Yale press release June 5, 2008
- Official site of Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize