James S. Fishkin
|James S. Fishkin|
|Education||Yale University BA and PhD; Cambridge University PhD|
James S. Fishkin (born 1948) is a professor in the Department of Communication at Stanford University. Fishkin is a widely cited scholar on his work on deliberative democracy. As a way of applying this concept he proposed Deliberative Polling in 1988. Along with Robert Luskin (no connection to Karl Rove's attorney of the same name), he has collaborated on applications of it in 21 countries.
Fishkin received his BA degree and Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale University. He holds a second Ph.D. in Philosophy from Cambridge University, United Kingdom. He is the current director of Stanford's Center for Deliberative Democracy. He has been a Guggenheim Fellow, a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford, a Fellow of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and a Visiting Fellow Commoner at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 2014 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
The deliberative opinion poll takes a representative random sample of the people and brings the people together at a place to deliberate about an issue. The people are provided briefing materials which are made in concert with all interested parties and done in a way so as to represent each position in a balanced way. The people are asked to vote after a day or more of deliberation. The decisions made by such arrangements have been alternatively used to elect candidates in primaries (Greece) or recommend policy decisions (China, Texas) etc. It was the basis of the "Power and the People", a Channel 4 program on which Fishkin was a consultant that aired in the UK (1994-1999).
More than 70 such Deliberative Polls have now taken place around the world including China, Greece, the UK, and Africa.
- Democracy and Deliberation: New Directions for Democratic Reform (1991)
- The Dialogue of Justice: Toward a Self-Reflective Society (1992)
- The Voice of the People: Public Opinion and Democracy (1995)
- Deliberation Day (Yale Press, 2004) (with Bruce Ackerman)
- Debating Deliberative Democracy (with Peter Laslett) (Blackwell Publishing Limited, 2003)
- When the People Speak: Deliberative Democracy and Public Consultation (2009)
- Political theory and philosophy
- Tyranny and Legitimacy: A Critique of Political Theories (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979)
- Beyond Subjective Morality: Ethical Reasoning and Political Philosophy (Yale University Press, 1986)
- Limits of Obligation (Yale University Press, 1982)
- Justice, Equal Opportunity and the Family (Yale University Press,1984)
- Prominent journal papers
- Fishkin, James S.; MacKinnon, Catharine; Luskin, Kenneth Keniston (July 1973). "Moral reasoning and political ideology". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (American Psychological Association) 27 (1): 109–119. doi:10.1037/h0034434.
- Fishkin, James S.; Luskin, Robert C. (September 2005). "The quest for deliberative democracy". The Good Society (Penn State University Press via JSTOR) 9 (1): 4–9. JSTOR 20710913.
- Fishkin, James S.; Jowell, Roger; Luskin, Robert C. (July 2002). "Considered opinions: deliberative polling in Britain". British Journal of Political Science (Cambridge Journals) 32 (3): 455–487. doi:10.1017/S0007123402000194.
- Fishkin, James S.; List, Christian; McLean, Iain; Luskin, Robert (2002). Can deliberation induce greater preference structuration: evidence from deliberative opinion polls? Paper presented at the meeting of the American Political Science Association, Boston, 26 August – 1 September.
- Fishkin, James S.; Luskin, Robert C. (September 2005). "Experimenting with a democratic ideal: deliberative polling and public opinion". Acta Politica (Palgrave Macmillan) 40 (3): 284–298. doi:10.1057/palgrave.ap.5500121.
- Fishkin, James S.; List, Christian; Luskin, Robert C.; MacLean, Ian (January 2013). "Deliberation, Single-Peakedness and the Possibility of Meaningful Democracy". The Journal of Politics 75 (1): 80–95.
- Fishkin, James S.; Luskin, Robert C.; O'Flynn, Ian; Russell, David (December 2012). "Deliberating Across Deep Divides". Political Studies 62 (1): 116–135. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9248.2012.01005.x.
- Fishkin, James S. (December 2013). "Deliberation by the People Themselves: Entry Points for the Public Voice". Election Law Journal: Rules, Politics, and Policy 12 (4): 490–507. doi:10.1089/elj.2013.0200.
- Fishkin, James S.; Luskin, Robert C.; Siu, Alice (September 2014). "Europolis and the European Public Sphere: Empirical Applications of a Counter-factual Ideal". European Union Politics 15: 328–351. doi:10.1177/1465116514531507.
- Center for Deliberative Democracy
- Boston Review article by Fishkin - Nation in a room
- American Prospect article on Deliberation Day coauthored with Bruce Ackerman
- Luca Corchia, Il sondaggio deliberativo di James S. Fishkin, in «Il Trimestrale del Laboratorio. The Lab's Quarterly», Pisa, Dipartimento di Scienze Sociali, 1, 2007, ss. 20