|A contemporary portrait, c. 1900 – 1925.|
|Member of the 3rd New Brunswick Legislative Assembly for Saint John County|
|Preceded by||See List|
|Succeeded by||See List|
10 December 1735|
|Died||20 February 1831
Portland, New Brunswick
|Resting place||Fernhill Cemetery, Saint John (reinterred)|
|Spouse(s)||Hannah Simonds (née Peabody)|
|Residence||Portland, New Brunswick|
|Religion||Congregationalist; later Anglican|
James Simonds (December 10, 1735 – February 20, 1831) was a merchant, judge and political figure in New Brunswick. He represented Sunbury County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1773 to 1782 and St. John County in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1796 to 1802.
He was born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, the son of Nathan Simonds and Sarah Hazen, and moved to the mouth of the Saint John River, then part of Nova Scotia, in 1762. With partners including William Hazen, Simonds began trading in fish, furs, lime and lumber products with Massachusetts. In 1767, he married Hannah Peabody. Simonds served as magistrate, probate judge, registrar of deeds and deputy customs collector for Sunbury County. The business encountered problems during the American Revolution and Simonds tried to sell his share of the business but his partners were not prepared to buy him out. In 1816, fourteen years after he retired from politics, he was named magistrate.
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