James Springer White

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For other people named James White, see James White (disambiguation).

2013

James White
James Springer White.jpg
James White
Born (1821-08-04)August 4, 1821
Palmyra, Maine
Died August 6, 1881(1881-08-06) (aged 60)
Battle Creek Sanitarium, Battle Creek, MI
Occupation President of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
Author
Teacher
Preacher
Spouse(s) Ellen G. White
Children Henry Nichols
James Edson White
William C. White
John Herbert

James Springer White (August 4, 1821, Palmyra, Maine – August 6, 1881, Battle Creek, Michigan), also known as Elder White was a co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church and husband of Ellen G. White. In 1849 he started the first Sabbatarian Adventist periodical entitled "The Present Truth" (now the Adventist Review), in 1855 he relocated the fledgling center of the movement to Battle Creek, Michigan, and in 1863 played a pivotal role in the formal organization of the denomination. He later played a major role in the development of the Adventist educational structure beginning in 1874 with the formation of Battle Creek College (which is now Andrews University).

Early life[edit]

James and Ellen White.jpg

James White was born on August 4, 1821 in the township of Palmyra in Maine. The fifth of nine children, James was a sickly child who suffered fits and seizures. Poor eyesight prevented him from obtaining much education and he was required to work on the family farm. At age 19 his eyesight improved and he enrolled at a local academy. He earned a teaching certificate and briefly taught at an elementary school. He was baptized into the Christian Connexion at age 16. He learned of the Millerite message from his parents and after hearing powerful preaching at an advent camp meeting in Exeter, Maine, White decided to leave teaching and become a preacher. Consequently, he was ordained a minister of the Christian Connexion in 1843. White was a powerful preacher and it is recorded that during the winter of 1843, 1000 people accepted the Millerite message owing to his preaching. At times however, White was met with angry mobs who hurled snowballs at him.[1] During these early travels he met Ellen G. Harmon whom he married on August 30, 1846. James and Ellen had four boys, Henry Nichols (b. Aug 26, 1847, d. Dec 8, 1863), James Edson (b. Jul 28, 1849, d. Jun 3, 1928), William Clarence (b. Aug 29, 1854, d. Aug 31, 1937) and John Herbert (b. Sep 20, 1860, d. Dec 14, 1860).[2]

Adventist Service[edit]

The paper which James White initially started, "The Present Truth", was combined with another periodical called the "Advent Review" in 1850 to become the "Second Advent Review and Sabbath Herald", still published as the "Adventist Review" today.[3] This periodical became the main source of communication for the Sabbatarian Adventist movement regarding points of doctrine and organization. It also became a venue for James and Ellen White to quickly and efficiently share their views to like-minded believers. James White served as editor of the periodical until 1851 when he invited Uriah Smith to become editor. He played a senior role in the management of church publications as president of the Review and Herald Publishing Association. He also served on several occasions as president of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists.(1865–67; 1869–71; 1874–80).

In 1865 White suffered from a paralytic stroke. White eventually determined that he should retire from the ministry and live out his days gracefully. In 1880, G. I. Butler replaced him as General Conference president. During the summer of 1881, White came down with a fever and was taken to the Battle Creek Sanitarium. Despite the efforts of Dr. Kellogg, White died on August 6, 1881.

Publications[edit]

White was a prolific author. A list of some of his most notable publications is below:

  • Word to the Little Flock, 1847 Pamphlet
  • Signs of the Times, 1853
  • Life Incidents, 1868 Steam Press
  • Selections from Life Incidents, 1868 Steam Press
  • Sermons on The Coming and Kingdom of Our Lord Jesus Christ, 1870 Steam Press
  • Sketches of the Christian Life and Public Labors of William Miller, 1875 Steam Press
  • The Sounding of the Seven Trumpets of Revelation 8 & 9, 1875 Steam Press
  • The Second Coming of Christ, Matthew 24, 1876
  • Early Life & Experiences of Joseph Bates, 1877 Steam Press
  • Biblical Institute, 1878 Steam Press
  • Life Sketches, 1880 Steam Press

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schwarz, Richard W. & Greenleaf, Floyd (2000) [1979]. "The Millerite Movement – 1839–1844". Light Bearers (Revised Edition ed.). Silver Spring, Maryland: General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, Department of Education. p. 43. ISBN 0-8163-1795-X. 
  2. ^ "Person Page 1570". Retrieved 2006-04-28. 
  3. ^ "Adventist Review". Seventh-Day Adventist Encyclopedia. Review & Herald Pub. Assn. pp. 25–29. 

Resources[edit]

  • Gerald Wheeler. James White: Innovator and Overcomer. Review and Herald, 2003
Preceded by
John Byington
President of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
1865–1867
Succeeded by
J. N. Andrews
Preceded by
J. N. Andrews
President of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
1869–1871
Succeeded by
G. I. Butler
Preceded by
G. I. Butler
President of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists
1874–1880
Succeeded by
G. I. Butler
Preceded by
(Founder)
Editor of the Adventist Review
1851–1855
Succeeded by
Uriah Smith
Preceded by
Uriah Smith
Editor of the Adventist Review
1861–1864
Succeeded by
Uriah Smith
Preceded by
Uriah Smith
Editor of the Adventist Review
1871–1872
Succeeded by
Uriah Smith
Preceded by
Uriah Smith
Editor of the Adventist Review
1873–1877
Succeeded by
Uriah Smith
Preceded by
Uriah Smith
Editor of the Adventist Review
1880–1881
Succeeded by
Uriah Smith

External-links[edit]