James Stansfeld

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The Right Honourable
Sir James Stansfeld
James Stansfeld.JPG
President of the Local Government Board
In office
19 August 1871 – 17 February 1874
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by New office
Succeeded by George Sclater-Booth
In office
3 April 1886 – 20 July 1886
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by Joseph Chamberlain
Succeeded by Charles Ritchie
Personal details
Born 5 October 1820 (1820-10-05)
Moorlands, Halifax, Yorkshire
Died 17 February 1898 (1898-02-18) (aged 77)
Nationality British
Political party Radical
Liberal
Spouse(s) Caroline Ashurst Stansfeld
Alma mater University College, London

Sir James Stansfield PC (5 October 1820 – 17 February 1898), was a British politician. He was appointed the first ever President of the Local Government Board in 1871, an office he held until 1874 and again briefly in 1886.

Background and education[edit]

He was born at Akeds Road, Halifax, the only son of James Stansfeld (1792–1872), originally a member of a firm of solicitors, Stansfeld & Craven, and subsequently county-court judge in the district. His mother was Emma, daughter of John Ralph, minister of the Northgate-End Unitarian chapel, Halifax, and his sister married George Dixon. Brought up as a nonconformist, Stansfeld was in 1837 sent to University College, London, and graduated B.A. in 1840 and LL.B. in 1844. He was admitted a student of the Middle Temple on 31 October 1840, and was called to the bar on 26 January 1849; he does not seem, however, to have practised as a barrister, and later in life derived his income mainly from a brewery at Fulham.[1]

On 27 July 1844 Stansfeld married Caroline, second daughter of William Henry Ashurst, a radical and friend of Giuseppe Mazzini, to whom Stansfeld was introduced in 1847: they became close. Stansfeld also sympathised with the Chartist movement, even if Feargus O'Connor denounced him. He also took an active part in propagating radical opinions in the north of England, frequently spoke at meetings of the Northern Reform Union, and was one of the promoters of the association for the repeal of "taxes on knowledge".[1]

Political career[edit]

In 1859, Stansfeld was returned to Parliament as Radical member for Halifax, which he continued to represent for over thirty-six years. He voted consistently on the Radical side, but his chief energies were devoted to promoting the cause of Italian unity. He was selected by Giuseppe Garibaldi as his adviser when the Italian patriot visited England in 1862. In 1863, he moved in the House of Commons a resolution of sympathy with the Poles, and two months later was made Civil Lord of the Admiralty. In 1864, as the result of charges made against him by the French authorities, in connection with Greco's conspiracy against Napoleon III, Disraeli, in the House of Commons, accused him of "being in correspondence with the assassins of Europe."[1]

Stansfeld was vigorously defended by John Bright and William Edward Forster, and his explanation was accepted as quite satisfactory by Palmerston. Nevertheless he only escaped a vote of censure by ten votes, and accordingly resigned office. In 1865, he was re-elected for Halifax, and in 1866 became Under-Secretary of State for India under Lord Russell. He served in the first William Gladstone administration of 1868 to 1874 as a Lord of the Treasury between 1868 and 1869, as Financial Secretary to the Treasury between 1869 and 1871 and as President of the Poor Law Board (with a seat in the cabinet) in 1871, before being appointed the first President of the Local Government Board, in 1871, a post he held until the Liberals lost power in 1874. He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1869.[2]

The remainder of his life was mainly spent in endeavouring to secure the repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts, and in 1886 this object was attained. He did not serve in Gladstone's 1880 to 1885 administration, but returned to the government in April 1886, when he again became President of the Local Government Board under Gladstone. However, the government fell already in July of the same year.[1]

Personal life[edit]

He died at his residence, Castle Hill, Rotherfield, Sussex, on 17 February 1898, and was buried at Rotherfield on the 22nd, aged 77.[1]

References[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainPollard, Albert Frederick (1901). "Stansfeld, James". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Francis Crossley, Bt
Sir Charles Wood, Bt
Member of Parliament for Halifax
18591895
With: Sir Charles Wood, Bt 1859-1865
Edward Akroyd 1865-1874
John Crossley 1874-1877
John Dyson Hutchinson 1877-1882
Thomas Shaw 1882-1893
William Rawson Shaw 1893-1895
Succeeded by
William Rawson Shaw
Sir Alfred Arnold
Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess of Hartington
Civil Lord of the Admiralty
1863–1864
Succeeded by
Hugh Childers
Preceded by
The Lord Dufferin and Clandeboye
Under-Secretary of State for India
1866
Succeeded by
Sir James Fergusson, Bt
Preceded by
Acton Smee Ayrton
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1869–1871
Succeeded by
William Edward Baxter
Preceded by
George Goschen
President of the Poor Law Board
1871
Succeeded by
Office abolished
Preceded by
New office
President of the Local Government Board
1871–1874
Succeeded by
George Sclater-Booth
Preceded by
Joseph Chamberlain
President of the Local Government Board
1886
Succeeded by
Charles Ritchie