James Stuart, 1st Earl of Bute

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Sir James Stuart, 3rd Baronet, of Bute, created 1st Earl of Bute, MP, PC (before 1666 – 4 June 1710), was a Scottish soldier, advocate, judge and politician. He was the son of Sir Dugald Stuart, 2nd Baronet and Elizabeth Ruthven, daughter of Sir John Ruthven.

James Stuart, 1st Earl of Bute succeeded to the title of 3rd Baronet Stuart, of Bute, in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia, in 1672. As a Colonel of the militia in 1681, he helped quiet Argyll after the rebellion of the Earl of Argyll. In 1684 he was appointed Sheriff of Tarbet. He was a practising advocate in 1685. He was twice elected as Shire Commissioner for Bute (1685–1693 and 1702–1703), and was Sheriff of Argyll in 1686. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor for Scotland, and was one of the commissioners to negotiate the union of Scotland with England in 1702. He was created 1st Viscount Kingarth, Lord Mountstuart, Cumra and Inchmarnock, and 1st Earl of Bute on 14 April 1703. In 1707 he opposed the union of Scotland and England.

In July 1680, he married Agnes Mackenzie, daughter of Sir George Mackenzie and Elizabeth Dickson. He married secondly, Christian Dundas, daughter of Sir William Dundas of Kincavel and Margaret Edmonston. He died on 4 June 1710 at Bath, Somerset and was buried at Rothsay, Scotland. He was the father of two children by his first marriage,

  1. Margaret Stuart (b. before 1681 – 27 April 1738) m. John Lindsay, 1st Viscount Garnock
  2. James Stuart, 2nd Earl of Bute (b. before 1696 – 28 January 1723)
Parliament of Scotland
Preceded by
John Boyle
Ninian Bannatyne
Shire Commissioner for Bute
1685–1693
With: John Boyle (to 1685)
David Boyle (from 1689)
Succeeded by
David Boyle
William Stewart
Preceded by
William Stewart
Shire Commissioner for Bute
1702–1703
With: Robert Stewart
Succeeded by
Robert Stewart
John Steuart
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
(new creation)
Earl of Bute
1703–1710
Succeeded by
James Stuart
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by
Dugald Stuart
Baronet
(of Bute)
1670–1710
Succeeded by
James Stuart