James Stuart-Wortley, 1st Baron Wharncliffe

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Not to be confused with James Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie.
The Right Honourable
The Lord Wharncliffe
PC
1stLordWharncliffe.jpg
Lord Privy Seal
In office
15 December 1834 – 8 April 1835
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Earl of Mulgrave
Succeeded by Viscount Dungannon
Lord President of the Council
In office
3 September 1841 – 19 December 1845
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Marquess of Lansdowne
Succeeded by The Duke of Buccleuch
Personal details
Born 6 October 1776 (1776-10-06)
Died 19 December 1845 (1845-12-20)
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Lady Elizabeth Crichton (1779–1856)

Colonel James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, 1st Baron Wharncliffe PC (6 October 1776 – 19 December 1845), was a British soldier and politician. A grandson of Prime Minister John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, he held office under Sir Robert Peel as Lord Privy Seal between 1834 and 1835 and as Lord President of the Council between 1841 and 1845.

Background and education[edit]

Stuart-Wortley was the son of Colonel James Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, son of John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute and his wife Mary Wortley-Montagu, Baroness Mountstuart in her own right, daughter of Edward Wortley Montagu and Lady Mary Pierrepont. His father had assumed the additional surname of Wortley as heir to his mother, taking later also that of Mackenzie (which his son in later life discarded) as heir to his great-uncle James Stuart-Mackenzie of Rosehaugh.[1] Stuart-Wortley's mother was Margaret, daughter of Lieutenant-General Sir David Cunynghame, 3rd Baronet. He was educated at Charterhouse School.[citation needed]

Military career[edit]

Stuart-Wortley was commissioned into the 48th Foot in 1790, transferred to the 7th Foot in 1791, and purchased a Captaincy in the 72nd Foot in 1793. He was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel in 1797 and became Colonel of the 12th Foot six months later. In 1797 he transferred to the Grenadier Guards, but resigned his commission in 1801.

Political career[edit]

Stuart-Wortley sat as Tory Member of Parliament for the rotten borough of Bossiney in Cornwall between 1797 and 1818,[2] when he was returned for Yorkshire.[1][3] His attitude on various questions became gradually more Liberal, and his support of Catholic emancipation lost him his seat in 1826. He was then raised to the peerage as Baron Wharncliffe, of Wortley in the County of York,[4] a recognition both of his previous parliamentary activity and of his high position among the country gentlemen.[1]

At first opposing the 1832 Reform Bill, he gradually came to see the undesirability of a popular conflict, and he separated himself from the Tories and took an important part in modifying the attitude of the peers and helping to pass the bill, though his attempts at amendment only resulted in his pleasing neither party. He became Lord Privy Seal in Sir Robert Peel's short 1834 to 1835 ministry, and again joined him in 1841 as Lord President of the Council,[1] a post he held until 1845. In 1834 he was sworn of the Privy Council.[5]

In 1837 Lord Wharncliffe brought out an edition of the writings of his ancestress, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu.[1]

Family[edit]

Lord Wharncliffe married Lady Elizabeth Caroline Mary Crichton (1779–1856), daughter of John Crichton, 1st Earl Erne, on 30 March 1799. They had four children:[6]

Lord Wharncliffe died in December 1845, aged 69, and was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son, John, whose son Edward, 3rd Baron was created Earl of Wharncliffe in 1876. Lady Wharncliffe died in April 1856.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Public Domain One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wharncliffe, James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie, 1st Baron". Encyclopædia Britannica 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 574. 
  2. ^ House of Commons: Bodmin to Bradford East. Leighrayment.com. Retrieved on 2012-07-09.
  3. ^ House of Commons: Yardley to Youghal. Leighrayment.com. Retrieved on 2012-07-09.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18259. p. 1478. 17 June 1826.
  5. ^ Privy Counsellors 1769–1834. Leighrayment.com. Retrieved on 2012-07-09.
  6. ^ "Theroff's Online Gotha, Bute". Archived from the original on 2006-09-10. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Stuart-Wortley
Sir John Lubbock, Bt
Member of Parliament for Bossiney
1797–1801
With: Sir John Lubbock, Bt
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Bossiney
1801–1818
With: Sir John Lubbock, Bt 1801–1802
John Hiley Addington 1802–1803
George Peter Holford 1803–1806
Henry Baring 1806–1807
The Lord Rendlesham 1807–1808
The Earl of Desart 1808–1817
William Yates Peel 1817–1818
Succeeded by
Hon. John Ward
Sir Compton Pocklington Domvile
Preceded by
Viscount Milton
Viscount Lascelles
Member of Parliament for Yorkshire
1818–1826
With: Viscount Milton
Succeeded by
Viscount Milton
Hon. William Duncombe
Richard Fountayne-Wilson
John Marshall
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Mulgrave
Lord Privy Seal
1834–1835
Succeeded by
Viscount Duncannon
Preceded by
The Marquess of Lansdowne
Lord President of the Council
1841–1845
Succeeded by
The Duke of Buccleuch
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Harewood
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire
1841–1845
Succeeded by
The Earl of Harewood
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Wharncliffe
1826–1845
Succeeded by
John Stuart-Wortley