James Tallmadge, Jr.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from James Tallmadge)
Jump to: navigation, search
James Tallmadge Jr.
James Tallmadge portrait.jpg
8th Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
1825–1826
Governor DeWitt Clinton
Preceded by Erastus Root
Succeeded by Nathaniel Pitcher
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 4th district
In office
June 6, 1817 – March 3, 1819
Preceded by Abraham H. Schenck
Succeeded by Randall S. Street
Personal details
Born (1778-01-28)January 28, 1778
Stanford, New York
Died September 29, 1853(1853-09-29) (aged 75)
New York City, New York
Political party Democratic-Republican
Signature

James Tallmadge, Jr. (January 28, 1778 – September 29, 1853) was a United States lawyer, and politician.

He was a United States Representative from New York's 4th congressional district.

Biography[edit]

Born in Stanford, Dutchess County, New York, his father, Colonel James Tallmadge (1744-1821), led a company of volunteers at the capture of General John Burgoyne.

He graduated from Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island in 1798, and was secretary to New York Governor George Clinton from 1798 to 1800. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1802, after which he practiced in Poughkeepsie and in New York City. He was Surrogate of Dutchess County from 1804 to 1810.

He served in the War of 1812 and commanded a company of home guards in defense of New York.

Term in Congress[edit]

Representative-elect Henry B. Lee died on February 18, 1817. In the special election to replace him, Tallmadge was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Fifteenth Congress. He served from June 6, 1817, to March 3, 1819. In the House he defended General Andrew Jackson's course in the Seminole War.

His most famous action in Congress was the Tallmadge Amendment to the bill for Missouri statehood. It would have restricted slavery in Missouri and provided for its future termination. It read as follows:

"And provided, That the further introduction of slavery or involuntary servitude be prohibited, except for the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been fully convicted; and that all children born within the said State, after the admission thereof into the Union, shall be free at the age of twenty-five years."[1]

In support of this amendment, on February 16, 1819, he delivered a powerful speech in opposition to the extension of slavery.[2] This speech was widely circulated, and was translated into German.

The House adopted the Tallmadge Amendment, but the Senate rejected it.

Later career[edit]

Tallmadge declined to run for a second term in the House. He continued the practice of law in New York City, and took a prominent role in civic affairs.

He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1821, a member of the New York State Assembly in 1824, and Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1825 to 1826.

He assisted in the founding of New York University in 1831. The University conferred an honorary LL.D. on him in 1838.

He was also one of the founders of the American Institute, a New York society for the promotion of inventions and technical education, and was its president from 1831 to 1850.

In 1836 he visited Russia, and helped introduce into that country several American mechanical inventions, especially cotton-spinning machinery.

He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1846.

Family[edit]

His only daughter was regarded as one of the most beautiful women in the country, and accompanied her father to Russia. She married Philip S. Van Rensselaer, third son of Stephen Van Rensselaer III, the last patroon of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck. Their only surviving son, James Tallmadge Van Rensselaer, was a well-known lawyer in New York City.

Death[edit]

Tallmadge died on September 29, 1853 in New York City. He is buried at the New York Marble Cemetery.

See also[edit]

Tallmadge Amendment

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annals of Congress, House of Representatives, 15th Congress, 2nd Session,1170
  2. ^ Annals of Congress, House of Representatives, 15th Congress, 2nd Session, 1203-1214
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Abraham H. Schenck
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 4th congressional district

June 6, 1817 – March 3, 1819
Succeeded by
Randall S. Street
Political offices
Preceded by
Erastus Root
Lieutenant Governor of New York
1825 - 1826
Succeeded by
Nathaniel Pitcher