James Thompson Bixby
He was born at Barre, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard College (1864) and Harvard Divinity School (B.D., 1870). He entered the ministry, and served as a minister for Unitarian churches in Watertown, Massachusetts (1870–74), Belfast, Maine (1875-79), and Meadville, Pennsylvania (1879–83). In Meadville, he was also professor of the philosophy of religion in the Meadville Theological School from 1879 to 1883.
In 1883, he went abroad for study and travel, receiving the degree of Ph.D. at the University of Leipzig in 1885, having also attended the universities at Jena and Heidelberg. He served as a minister in Yonkers, New York (1887-1903). He retired in 1903, and spent his last years in Yonkers.
He lectured on the philosophy of religion at the Lowell Institute, Boston, in 1876 and 1883. He was a member of the Authors' Club and Authors' League of America. He was interested in founding theology on a scientific basis, and his studies of comparative religion also found expression in his writings. In his later life, he wrote on immortality for Bibliotheca Sacra and Biblical World.
- Similarities of Physical and Religious Knowledge (1876; 2nd ed. under the title Religion and Science as Allies, 1889)
- The Crisis in Morals; Examination of Rational Ethics in the Light of Modern Science (1891; 2nd ed. under the title, The Ethics of Evolution, 1900)
- The New World and the New Thought (1902)
- The Open Secret (1912)
- What is Bahaism? (1912)
- Francis Albert Christie (1936). "Bixby, James Thompson". Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Bixby, James Thompson". Encyclopedia Americana.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "Bixby, James Thompson". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
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