James Vincent Murphy (7 July 1880 – 5 July 1946) was an Irish translator, writer, and journalist, who published one of the first complete English translations of Mein Kampf in 1939.
James Murphy attended St. Patrick's College. He was ordained a priest at St. Patrick's College Chapel in 1905.
He left clerical service. Before the Second World War he lived for some time in Italy and Germany.
- (transl.) Max Planck, Where is science going?, 1932 (preface by Albert Einstein)
- (transl.) Emil Ludwig, Leaders of Europe, 1934
- Adolf Hitler: the drama of his career, 1934
- (transl.) Erwin Schrödinger, Science and the human temperament, 1935, Allen & Unwin, (biographical introduction by James Murphy, foreword by Ernest Rutherford)
- (transl.) Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf, 1939
- Who sent Rudolf Hess?, 1941
- Barnes, James J.; and Patience P. Barnes (1987). James Vincent Murphy : Translator and Interpreter of Fascist Europe, 1880-1946. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 0-8191-6054-7.