James W. McLaughlin

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James W. McLaughlin
WayneCountyCourthouse.jpg
Born November 1, 1834
Sewickley, Pennsylvania
Died 1923 (aged 88–89)
Nationality United States
Buildings John Uri Lloyd House
Sir Alfred T. Goshorn House
Cincinnati Zoological Gardens
Cincinnati Public Library
Mabley & Carew

James W. McLaughlin (1834–1923) was a Cincinnati, Ohio architect. He studied to be an architect working under famed James Keys Wilson. He fought in the American Civil War serving in the Union Army. He become a popular builder in Cincinnati during the late 19th century. In 1870 he helped organize the Cincinnati Chapter of the American Institute of Architects and in the same year he was made a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects serving on its board.

Early life[edit]

McLaughlin was born on November 1, 1834, the second son of William and Mary McLaughlin.[1] McLaughlin's family was "largely" Scotch-Irish and his father William McLaughlin was an "early" Cincinnati merchant who moved to the developing city from Sewickley, Pennsylvania, in 1818.[2] His younger sister was ceramic artist Mary Louise McLaughlin. When the American Civil War broke out, McLaughlin served in the Union Army. During the war he became a lieutenant in the infantry body guard of General John C Fremont.[1] After the war he published "a book illustrated with his vivid vignettes of army life based on his experiences with General Fremont in California."[2]

Architectural career[edit]

At the age of fifteen he entered the tutelage of James Keys Wilson.[1] 1855, the first year of his independent practice, he built the dry goods store on West Fourth Street.[1] Architect Samuel Hannaford was his rival in the city.[2] McLaughlin's design for the Cincinnati Zoological Gardens (1874–1875) "produced the earliest completed structures specifically for that purpose in the United States, and displayed his sense of humor and flexibility in housing specimens in buildings inspired by their geographical and ethnically associated origins." [2]

Affiliations[edit]

McLaughlin helped organize the Cincinnati Chapter of the American Institute of Architects in 1870 and was the group's president from 1878–1882 and 1889–1893.[2] He was made a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1870, served on its board, and "was active in their national meetings, including that held in Cincinnati in 1889, when the AIA and the Western Society of Architects merged."[2]

Projects[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d Ellis & McLaughlin 2003, p. 5
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Walter E. Langsam James W. McLaughlin Biographical Dictionary of Cincinnati Architects, 1788–1940
  3. ^ Trudy Backus Cincinnati's Architectural Nuance 11/4/2008
  4. ^ St. Francis Seraph Church website
  5. ^ Annie Kramer Motch Jewelers; In downtown Covington, KY since 1857
  6. ^ NRHP listing 87000905
  7. ^ a b c d James W. McLaughlin Emporis
  8. ^ 4th & Plum Apartments/ Gibson Art Building
  9. ^ McQuillin 2010
  10. ^ Marsh 1997, p. 49
  11. ^ Wayne County Courthouse
  12. ^ NRHP listing #78000042
  13. ^ NRHP listing 76001434
  14. ^ First Unitarian website
  15. ^ Marsh 1997, p. 51
  16. ^ NRHP listing 73001459
  17. ^ NRHP listing 82003581
  18. ^ NRHP listin #73001461
  19. ^ McAlpin website
References
  • Ellis, Anita J.; McLaughlin, Mary Louise (2003). The ceramic career of M. Louise McLaughlin (2003 ed.). Ohio University Press. ISBN 0-8214-1505-0.  - Total pages: 243
  • Marsh, Betsa (1997). Getting us where we live (1997 ed.). Cincinnati Magazine Vol. 30, No. 12 - Emmis Communications. ISSN 0746-8210.  - Total pages: 104
  • McQuillin, Steven (2010). "Hamilton County Courthouses". probatect.org. Retrieved March 3, 2010.