James William Marshall

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This article is about James William Marshall. For James Wilson Marshall (who started the California Gold Rush), see James Wilson Marshall.
James William Marshall
James William Marshall, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1865-1880.jpg
24th United States Postmaster General
In office
July 3, 1874 – August 24, 1874
Preceded by John Creswell
Succeeded by Marshall Jewell
Personal details
Born August 14, 1822
Wilson, Virginia, USA
Died February 5, 1910(1910-02-05) (aged 87)
Washington, D.C., USA
Political party Republican
Profession Politician

James William Marshall (August 14, 1822 – February 5, 1910) was a United States Postmaster General under President Ulysses S. Grant as well as a government administrator in several capacities for both presidents Lincoln and Grant.


James William Marshall was born in Clarke County, VA, on August 14, 1822. He was graduated from Dickinson College in 1848, and later was made a Professor of Ancient Languages, which chair he filled until the outbreak of the American Civil War, when President Lincoln appointed him United States Consul to Leeds, England. Mr. Marshall remained in that capacity for four years, and in 1869 President Grant called him to this country to become First Assistant Postmaster General. Mr. Marshal served in that office until the close of the administration, except for the brief term in 1874 when he temporarily filled the office of Postmaster General to cover an interim between the resignation of Postmaster General Creswell, in July, 1874, and the acceptance of the portfolio by Mr. Jewell in September of the same year. At the close of the Grant Administration Mr. Marshall was appointed General Superintendent of the Railway Mail Service by Postmaster General Key.


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Political offices
Preceded by
John A. J. Creswell
United States Postmaster General
Served under: Ulysses S. Grant

July 3, 1874 – August 24, 1874
Succeeded by
Marshall Jewell