James Wilson (died January 1857) was an Irish bishop of the Church of Ireland.
A native of Dublin,  he was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and was for 17 years Curate at St. Audoen's Church, Dublin. Later he was Rector of Killinane and Chancellor of Leighlin, posts he held until his elevation to the Episcopate. 
He was nominated to the vacant post of Bishop of Cork on 24 June 1848 and consecrated on 30 July 1848 following the death of the previous incumbent The Right Rev Samuel Kyle
In 1822 he was elected a member of the Royal Irish Academy.
- ^ The Times, Wednesday, Jan 07, 1857; pg. 10; Issue 22571; col A Ireland
- ^ “Handbook of British Chronology” By Fryde, E. B;. Greenway, D.E;Porter, S; Roy, I: Cambridge, CUP, 1996 ISBN 0-521-56350-X, 9780521563505
- ^ “A New History of Ireland” Moody,T.M;Martin,F.X;Byrne,F.J;Cosgrove,F:By Theodore William Moody, Francis X. Martin, Francis John Byrne, Art Cosgrove: Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1976 ISBN 0-19-821745-5
- ^ The Times, Saturday, May 20, 1848; pg. 8; Issue 19868; col F
- ^ Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy.Volume 6. Royal Irish Academy. 1857. p. 495.