Jamesburg, New Jersey

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Jamesburg, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Jamesburg
Jamesburg highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County in New Jersey.
Jamesburg highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County in New Jersey.
Coordinates: 40°20′57″N 74°26′25″W / 40.349279°N 74.440405°W / 40.349279; -74.440405Coordinates: 40°20′57″N 74°26′25″W / 40.349279°N 74.440405°W / 40.349279; -74.440405[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Middlesex
Incorporated March 19, 1887
Named for James Buckelew
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Marlene Lowande (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator Tanya Pannucci[4]
 • Clerk Tanya Pannucci (acting)[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.883 sq mi (2.289 km2)
 • Land 0.877 sq mi (2.272 km2)
 • Water 0.006 sq mi (0.016 km2)  0.71%
Area rank 518th of 566 in state
25th of 25 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 85 ft (26 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 5,915
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 5,994
 • Rank 348th of 566 in state
23rd of 25 in county[11]
 • Density 6,741.8/sq mi (2,603.0/km2)
 • Density rank 68th of 566 in state
5th of 25 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08831[12][13]
Area code(s) 609 and 732[14]
FIPS code 3402334890[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885263[17][2]
Website www.jamesburgborough.org

Jamesburg is a borough in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 5,915,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 110 (-1.8%) from the 6,025 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 731 (+13.8%) from the 5,294 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Jamesburg was formed as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 19, 1887, when it was created from portions of Monroe Township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 15, 1887. Jamesburg's incorporation was confirmed on April 15, 1915.[19] It was named for James Buckelew, a local business leader.[20]

Geography[edit]

Jamesburg is located at 40°20′57″N 74°26′25″W / 40.349279°N 74.440405°W / 40.349279; -74.440405 (40.349279,-74.440405). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.883 square miles (2.289 km2), of which, 0.877 square miles (2.272 km2) of it was land and 0.006 square miles (0.016 km2) of it (0.71%) was water.[1][2]

The borough is the older and more urban core area located in the center of Monroe Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 887
1900 1,063 19.8%
1910 2,075 95.2%
1920 2,053 −1.1%
1930 2,048 −0.2%
1940 2,128 3.9%
1950 2,307 8.4%
1960 2,853 23.7%
1970 4,584 60.7%
1980 4,114 −10.3%
1990 5,294 28.7%
2000 6,025 13.8%
2010 5,915 −1.8%
Est. 2013 5,994 [10] 1.3%
Population sources: 1890-1920[21]
1890-1910[22] 1910-1930[23]
1930-1990[24] 2000[25][26] 2010[7][8][9]

2010 Census[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,915 people, 2,172 households, and 1,492 families residing in the borough. The population density was 6,741.8 per square mile (2,603.0 /km2). There were 2,267 housing units at an average density of 2,583.9 per square mile (997.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 73.90% (4,371) White, 8.84% (523) Black or African American, 0.85% (50) Native American, 4.53% (268) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 9.42% (557) from other races, and 2.47% (146) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 22.38% (1,324) of the population.[7]

There were 2,172 households, of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.26.[7]

In the borough, 25.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.9 years. For every 100 females there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $52,169 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,781) and the median family income was $69,531 (+/- $13,862). Males had a median income of $49,615 (+/- $9,412) versus $50,164 (+/- $5,717) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,668 (+/- $3,584). About 4.9% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.[27]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 6,025 people, 2,176 households, and 1,551 families residing in the borough. The population density was 7,148.2 people per square mile (2,769.4/km2). There were 2,240 housing units at an average density of 2,657.6 per square mile (1,029.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 82.82% White, 8.83% African American, 0.20% Native American, 2.22% Asian, 3.80% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.06% of the population.[25][26]

There were 2,176 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 22.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.18.[25][26]

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 35.6% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $59,461, and the median income for a family was $67,887. Males had a median income of $45,019 versus $33,333 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,325. About 3.0% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.1% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Jamesburg is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[5] The Borough form of government, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[28]

As of 2014, the Mayor of the Borough of Jamesburg is Democrat Marlene Lowande, whose term of office ends December 31, 2015.[29] Members of the Borough Council (with committee chairmanships, political affiliation and term-end years in parentheses) are Council President Daria Ludas (Public Events; D, 2014), Thomas Busco, Jr. (Personnel; D, 2015), Thomas Gibbons (Police; R, 2016), Shannon Spillane (Education; R, 2016), Sandy Sussman (Finance; D, 2015) and Brian Taylor (Public Works; D, 2014).[30][31][32]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Jamesburg is located in the 12th Congressional District[33] and is part of New Jersey's 14th state legislative district.[8][34][35]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[36] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[37][38] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[39][40]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 14th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Linda R. Greenstein (D, Plainsboro Township) and in the General Assembly by Daniel R. Benson (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County) and Wayne DeAngelo (D, Hamilton Township).[41][42] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[43] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[44]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2014, Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (Ex-officio on all committees - D, term ends December 31, 2015; Carteret),[45] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (County Administration - D, 2014; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township),[46] Kenneth Armwood (Business Development and Education - D, 2016; Piscataway),[47] Charles Kenny (Finance - D, 2016; Woodbridge Township),[48] H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health - D, 2015; Highland Park),[49] Charles E. Tomaro (Infrastructure Management - D, 2014; Edison)[50] and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services - D, 2016; New Brunswick).[51][52][53][54][55] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D; Old Bridge Township),[56] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016; Piscataway)[57] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[52][58]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,996 registered voters in Jamesburg, of which 935 (31.2%) were registered as Democrats, 450 (15.0%) were registered as Republicans and 1,611 (53.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[59]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 55.7% of the vote here (1,172 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 42.0% (884 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (29 votes), among the 2,104 ballots cast by the borough's 3,075 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.4%.[60] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 49.3% of the vote here (1,017 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 48.8% (1,006 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (20 votes), among the 2,061 ballots cast by the borough's 3,036 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 67.9.[61]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.7% of the vote here (752 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 35.1% (482 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.9% (108 votes) and other candidates with 1.5% (20 votes), among the 1,374 ballots cast by the borough's 2,952 registered voters, yielding a 46.5% turnout.[62]

Education[edit]

The Jamesburg Public Schools serve students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 660 students and 44.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.70:1.[63] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[64]) are John F. Kennedy Elementary School[65] for grades K-5 (471 students) and Grace M. Breckwedel Middle School[66] for grades 6-8 (189 students).[67]

Jamesburg High School, founded in 1905, graduated its last class in June 1979. Jamesburg's high school students now attend Monroe Township High School in Monroe Township, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Monroe Township School District.[68][69]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The borough had a total of 16.53 miles (26.60 km) of roadways, of which 11.67 miles (18.78 km) are maintained by the municipality and 4.86 miles (7.82 km) by Middlesex County.[70]

The only major roads that pass through are solely county routes. They include County Route 522, County Route 612, County Route 615, and County Route 625 (Perrineville Road).

The closest limited access road is the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) at Exit 8A in surrounding Monroe Township. Route 612 provides a connection between the Turnpike/Route 32 and CR 520.

Public transportation[edit]

Middlesex County Area Transit (MCAT) shuttles provide service to and from Jamesburg on several routes across the county.[71]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Historic Buckelew Mansion, overlooks Lake Manalapan

Thompson Park is located on the south western edge of Jamesburg and is also partially in the neighboring town of Monroe. Thompson Park takes up at total of 675 acres (2.73 km2). The 30-acre (120,000 m2) Manalapan Lake is located on the eastern edge of the park. The park in total has four tennis courts, four basketball courts, two handball courts, three baseball fields, a softball field, many soccer fields, multiple picnic groves equipped with grills, three hiking/biking trails, fishing, animal haven, and a gazebo.[72]

The park has three entrances. Two are located on Perrineville Road, and one is located on Forsgate Drive. Some people prefer to swim across Manalapan Lake to get to the park if they live across the lake.

Monroe Township Soccer Club hosts a tournament every year on the soccer fields that are located in the park.

2005 flood[edit]

On July 17, 2005, approximately 7 to 8 inches (18 to 20 cm) of rain fell in Jamesburg, flooding areas on West Railroad Avenue, East Church Street, Pergola Avenue, Willow Street, Forsgate Drive, and Gatmzer Avenue. Roughly 75 to 100 families were evacuated from their homes and housed at the John F. Kennedy Elementary School.[73][74]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Jamesburg include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Administration and Staff, Borough of Jamesburg. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 165.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Jamesburg, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Jamesburg borough, Bergen County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Jamesburg borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Jamesburg, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Jamesburg, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 26, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 170. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  20. ^ A Profile of Jamesburg's History, The Jamesburg Historical Association. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  21. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  22. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  23. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 717. Accessed April 2, 2012. A population of 1,566 is shown for 1910, in conflict with the 2,075 listed in the 1910 Census.
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Jamesburg borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Jamesburg borough, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Jamesburg borough, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 2, 2012.
  28. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know,But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed December 7, 2013.
  29. ^ Marlene Lowane, New Jersey Conference of Mayors. Accessed July 24, 4014.
  30. ^ Jamesburg Borough Council, Jamesburg Borough. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  31. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Jamesburg Borough. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  32. ^ Morrison, Stella. "New members take seats on Jamesburg council", Sentinel, January 16, 2014. Accessed July 24, 2014. "Two newcomers to borough politics were formally sworn in as members of the Borough Council during the governing body’s Jan. 7 reorganization meeting.Republicans Thomas Gibbons and Shannon Spillane, elected to three-year terms in November, will serve alongside four Democrats on the council.... Councilwoman Daria Ludas was named council president for 2014."
  33. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  37. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  38. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  39. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  40. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  41. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 28, 2014.
  42. ^ District 14 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 28, 2014.
  43. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  45. ^ Ronald G. Rios, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  46. ^ Carol Barrett Bellante, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  47. ^ Kenneth Armwood, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  48. ^ Charles Kenny, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  49. ^ H. James Polos, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  50. ^ Charles E. Tomaro, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  51. ^ Blanquita B. Valenti, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
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  53. ^ 11/5/2013 General Election Unofficial Results, Middlesex County, November 12, 2013. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  54. ^ Staff. "Middlesex County election results 2012", NJ.com, November 6, 2012, updated November 13, 2012. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  55. ^ Staff. "Middlesex County election results 2011", The Star-Ledger, November 8, 2011. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  56. ^ County Clerk, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  57. ^ Sheriff, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  58. ^ Surrogate, Middlesex County, New Jersey. Accessed January 14, 2014.
  59. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Middlesex, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  60. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  61. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  62. ^ 2009 Governor: Middlesex County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 23, 2012.
  63. ^ District information for Jamesburg School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  64. ^ School Data for the Jamesburg Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  65. ^ John F. Kennedy Elementary School, Jamesburg Public Schools. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  66. ^ Grace M. Breckwedel Middle School, Jamesburg Public Schools. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  67. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Jamesburg Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 16, 2013.
  68. ^ Cheslow, Jerry. "A Townful of Empty Nesters", The New York Times, October 14, 2007. Accessed August 8, 2008. "In addition to the four elementary schools, the Applegarth Middle School teaches Grades 7 and 8, and the 1,400-student Monroe Township High School covers Grades 9 through 12. It is shared with the borough of Jamesburg, the 'hole in the doughnut' municipality in the center of the township."
  69. ^ Monroe Township High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 24, 2014. "Monroe Township High School is centrally located within a forty-three square mile suburban community in Southern Middlesex County. Originally opened on Perrineville Road in 1973, our high school became a receiving school for approximately 250 high school age students from neighboring Jamesburg in 1980."
  70. ^ Middlesex County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  71. ^ Middlesex County Area Transit (MCAT) Shuttle Routes, Middlesex County. Accessed July 24, 2014.
  72. ^ Middlesex County, NJ - Parks and Recreation Accessed July 28, 2008 .
  73. ^ Rebuilding Downtown Jamesburg: Life After the Flood, Jamesburg.net. Accessed January 28, 2012.
  74. ^ Council Minutes, Borough of Jamesburg, September 28, 2005. Accessed January 28, 2012.
  75. ^ A Walking Tour of Jamesburg. Accessed April 8, 2007. "In 1847, tomatoes were first canned in tin cans by Harrison Woodhull Crosby, a Lafayette Professor, in the Buckelew Cannery."
  76. ^ Frankie Hayes All-Star Stats, Baseball Almanac. Accessed June 8, 2007.
  77. ^ Neuffer, Elizabeth. "G. E. PENDRAY, 86, ROCKET PROPONENT", The New York Times, September 20, 1987. Accessed July 5, 2012. "G. Edward Pendray, a proponent of the peaceful uses of rocket power and space flight since the 1930's, died of complications from Parkinson's disease Tuesday. He was 86 years old and lived in Jamesburg, N.J."

External links[edit]