Jamia Nizamia

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Not to be confused with Nizamiyya.
Jamia Nizamia
జామియా నిజామియా
جامعہ نظامیہ
Established 1876
Religious affiliation Islam
Chancellor Hazrat Moulana Syed Shah Ali Akbar Nizamuddin Hussaini Sabiri
Vice-Chancellor Hazrat Moulana Mufti Khaleel Ahmed
Location Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Campus Urban
Website www.jamianizamia.org
Jamia Nizamia, established 1876
Grand Mufti of Palestine Shaykh Ekrima Sa'id Sabri at Jamia Nizamia

Jamia Nizamia (Telugu: జామియా నిజామియా, Urdu: جامعہ نظامیہ‎), more properly, Jami'ah Nizamiyyah, is one of the oldest Islamic seminaries of higher learning of Sunnis in India.

History[edit]

It was founded by Shaykh al-Islam Imam Muhammad Anwarullah Khan Farooqi, honorifically known as Fadilat Jung (the title was bestowed upon him by the Nizam), in Hyderabad in 1876. It flourished under the patronage of the Nizam VII of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan.

Over the last 134 years the Jamia has preserved the understanding of Islam and its sciences by the means of unbroken chains of Islamic authorization, viz, the Ijazah and the Isnad, which go back fourteen centuries to tie the institution and its scholars to Muhammad. It was mainly due to the scholarly works accomplished by the faculty of the Jamia Nizamia in the late 19th and 20th centuries that the Hyderabad served as a major hub of academic activities for the sub-continent. The Jamia constitutes a major part of Islamic history in the sub-continent, particularly, the Deccan.

Organisation[edit]

Jamia Nizamia has not the status of a university or deemed to be university according to the Indian University Grants Commission Act of 1956 and, therefore, can not confer or grant degrees.[1] According to the Jamia Nizamia website, their "Moulvi", "Alim", "Fazil" and "Kamil" are recognized by Osmania University as equivalent to degrees in oriental languages such as B.A.L. and M.A.L. After passing exams in English language prescribed for B.A., Fazil-passed students can be given admission to M.A. at Osmania University.Further recognizing universities would be Aligarh Muslim University, Al-Azhar of Egypt, Jamia Umm al-Qura of Mecca, the Islamic University of Madinah and the University of Kuwait[2] The Jamia set up the Girls College in 1995.[3]

Arabic language students found employment in Arabic call centers in the last years, and student enrollment at Jamia Nizamia soared from 500 to 1,300 between 2004 and 2007.[4]

The Jamia Nizamia budget in 2004–2005 was 97,72,000.00 INR (US$220,000),[5] expenditure in 2004–2005 was 1,41,56,000 INR (US$31,5000 in 2004).[6]

Research[edit]

The scholars of Jamia Nizamia researched and published around 1000 books including rare Arabic manuscripts which are the essential books for Islamic knowledge. The project was mainly accomplished under the auspices of another research institute known as the Dairatul Ma'arif an-Nizamiyyah or Dairat al- Ma'arif al-Uthmaniyyah. The graduates of Jamia Nizamia established the Lajnah Ihya al-Ma'arif an-Nu'maniyyah which enabled them to advance research and publish Arabic manuscripts pertaining to the Hanafi fiqh, in particular, and Islamic legal theories in general.

Fatwa[edit]

More than 2000[7] fatwas are issued by scholars of Jamia Nizamia every year.

They also answer questions asked weekly by subscribers to the Siasat and the Etemaad Daily in print, and fatwas are available through email.[7] In 2003–2004, fatwa fees earned 40,000.00 INR.

Fatwas covered a wide range of topics:

  • In 2000 a fatwa banned Muslim actors from performing "acts of polytheism" (Hindu "puja") on screen or head tonsure (Shabana Azmi).[8]
  • In August 2005 a fatwa allowed a Muslim male to marry as many as four women in one sitting. A national of the United Arab Emirates, about 45 years old, had married two women.
  • In another fatwa, the Jamia Nizamia had absolved qazis from responsibility for data such as age, previous marriages that is entered on the nikahnama forms in relation to the bride.[9]
  • In October 2005, Jamia Nizamia issued a fatwa calling suicide bombings un-Islamic.[10]
  • A fatwa was issued in 2007 against the state government's move to provide reservations or quotas to Muslims in education and employment on the basis of caste system.[11]

Notable alumni[edit]

Hazrat Moulana Abdul Wahid Owaisi . Founder of Majlis Ittehad ul Muslimeen , A well known lawyer and the father of late Sultan Salhuddin Owaisi  .    
  • Hazrat Mufti Muhammad Raheemuddin. Favourite student of Hazrat Anwarullah Khan.Tutor of Prince Basalat Jaah (brother of the Nizam, Osman Ali Khan).

Served as Shaikul Jamia. Present building of the Jamia was built during his tenure after the Nizam's Government agreed to merge with Indian Union.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Central Universities. Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) Retrieved on 2007-10-05 from internet archive
  2. ^ Jamia Nizamia Website: Recognition
  3. ^ Jamia Nizamia to have Internet, Islamic Voice, August 2000
  4. ^ Arabic call center jobs lapped up by Jamia Nizamia univ students sulekha, May 29, 2007
  5. ^ Jamia Nizamia Website: Budget 2000-01: 78,97,480.00 INR, Budget 2004-05: 97,72,000.00 INR, Budget 2006-07: 3,27,21,892.85 INR
  6. ^ Jamia Nizamia Website: Expenditure 2000-01: 72,21,000 INR,Expenditure 2004-05: 1,41,56,000 INR, Expenditure 2006-07: 2,24,71,803 INR
  7. ^ a b Jamia Nizamia: Fatawa
  8. ^ Indian Muftis Ban Acting Islamonline, March 6, 2000, Fatwa against Shabana Azmi by Syed Amin Jafri in Hyderabad, March 3, 2000
  9. ^ ‘Fatwa’ allows 4x1 weddings, The Asian Age, August 23, 2005
  10. ^ "Suicide bombings un-Islamic: Fatwa", The Asian Age, October 17, 2005
  11. ^ Fatwa against caste-based quotas in AP 20 June 2007

External links[edit]