Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Legislative Assembly of Jammu & Kashmir
(Vidhan Sabha of Jammu & Kashmir)
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded 1957
Leadership
Speaker of the Assembly
Mubarak Gul, JKN
since 2013
Deputy Speaker of the Assembly
Mohd. Sartaj Madni, JKN
since 2013
Leader of Assembly
Omar AbdullahJKN
since 2008
Opposition Leader
Mehbooba MuftiPDP
since 2008
Structure
Seats 87
Political groups
JKNC(28)
JKPDP (21)
INC(17)
BJP(11)
JKNPP(3)
CPI(M)(1)
PDF(1)
JKDPN(1)
Independent(4)
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
2008

The Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir (also known as the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha) is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, which is known as the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislature. Jammu, Kashmir valley and Ladakh regions has 37, 46 and 4 seats respectively.[1]

History[edit]

The first legislature of the kingdom that is now the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir was established by the government of the Maharaja of Kashmir Hari Singh in 1934.[2] However, it was considered un-democratic and un-representative by a majority of the population of the kingdom owing to the restrictions on the participation of political parties such as the Jammu and Kashmir National Conference led by Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah. After the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to independent India in 1947, the Maharaja's role was restricted to that of a Rajpramukh (head of state). With free democratic elections held for the first time in the state's history, the National Conference won a majority of seats in a new constituent assembly and Sheikh Abdullah became the head of government. In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly, which established a bicameral legislature.[2]

Organisation[edit]

The Legislative Assembly was initially composed of 100 members, later increased to 111 by the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir (Twentieth Amendment) Act of 1988.[2] Of these, 24 seats are designated for the territorial constituencies of the state that lies in Pakistan-administered Kashmir.[2][3][4] These seats remain officially vacant as per section 48 of the state constitution.[2][4] These seats are not taken into account for reckoning the total membership of the Assembly, especially for deciding quorum and voting majorities for legislation and government formation.[2][4] Hence, the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly are presently 87.The two women may be nominated as members by the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir if he or she is of the opinion that women are not adequately represented.[2]

Tenure and functions[edit]

Members of the Legislative Assembly are serving six-year terms. The seats are filled by direct election The assembly be may dissolved before the completion of the six-year term by the Governor upon the advice of the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. The Governor may also convene special sessions of both houses of the state legislature.

Office bearers[edit]

The Assembly is convened and administered by the Speaker. The leader of the house is usually the Chief Minister, who is the leader of the party (or coalition of parties) whose members constitute a majority. The leader of the opposition represents the party (or coalition of parties) that has won the second-largest number of seats.

  • Speaker of the Assembly: Mubarak Gul
  • Leader of the House: Chief Minister Omar Abdullah (National Conference)[5]

Demands of delimitation in J&K[edit]

Though the population of Kashmir Valley is more than Jammu Division according to 2011 census[6] Kashmir valley has no reserved constituencies for SC/ST unlike the Jammu region,where the number of Assembly seats(37) is less than Kashmir Valley(46).In November 2010,Supreme Court of India froze the delimitation process in Jammu and Kashmir till 2026.[7] The last delimitation was done in 1995.[8][9] In June 2014,Lok Janshakti Party announced to launch a movement to set up a fresh delimitation commission in the state.[10][11][12]

Terrorist attack[edit]

On 1 October 2001 militants belonging to Jaish-e-Mohammed carried out an attack on the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly complex in Srinagar using a car bomb and three fidayeen suicide bombers.[13][14]

Political parties[edit]

e • d Summary of the November - December 2008 Jammu and Kashmir state assembly election results
Party Flag Seats +/–
National Conference JKNC-flag.svg 28
People's Democratic Party Flag of the JKPDP.png 21 +5
Indian National Congress Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg 17
Bharatiya Janata Party Flag of Bharatiya Janata Party.png 11 +10
Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party 3
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M-flag.svg 1
People's Democratic Front 1
Jammu & Kashmir Democratic Party Nationalist 1
independents 4
Total (turnout 60.5%) 87
Source: Electoral Commission of India

References[edit]