Jamshoro

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ڄام شورو
ڄام خان شورو
City
ڄام شورو is located in Sindh
ڄام شورو
ڄام شورو
Coordinates: 25°16′N 68°12′E / 25.26°N 68.20°E / 25.26; 68.20Coordinates: 25°16′N 68°12′E / 25.26°N 68.20°E / 25.26; 68.20
Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
Population (2013)[1][2]
 • Total 80,000 approx
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of towns 5
Website www.jamshoro.com.pk

Jamshoro (Sindhi: ڄام شورو), (Urdu: جامشورو‎), is a city and capital of Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan. It is located on the right bank of Indus River, approximately 18 km Northwest of Hyderabad and 150 km Northeast from the provincial Capital of Sindh and largest city of Pakistan, Karachi.[3]

Besides being a historical and picturesque site, Jamshoro is home to highly educated and affluent people, it is also home to three universities i.e, Pakistan's fourth best engineering university called Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Second best medical university called Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences and second oldest university of Pakistan University of Sindh, which produce a number of engineers, doctors, IT professionals, journalists, professors, scientists every year. Therefore, it is also called "City of Universities" and is well known for its soothing breeze at night time.[3]

History[edit]

Ranikot Fort is a historical fort near Sann, Jamshoro District, Sindh, Pakistan.[4] Ranikot Fort is also known as The Great Wall of Sindh and is believed to be the world's largest fort with a circumference of approximately 26 kilometres (16 mi).[5] Since 1993, it has been on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[6]

The wall has semi-circular bastions at intervals.

The original purpose and architects of Ranikot Fort are unknown. Some archaeologists attribute it to Arabs, or possibly built by a Persian noble under the Abbasids by Imran Bin Musa Barmaki who was the Governor of Sindh in 836. Others have suggested a much earlier period of construction attributing to at times the Sassanians Persians and at times to the Greeks. Despite the fact that a prehistoric site of Amri is nearby, there is no trace of any old city inside the fort and the present structure has little evidence of prehistoric origins.

Archaeologists point to 17th century as its time of first construction but now Sindh archaeologists agree that some of the present structure was reconstructed by Mir Karam Ali Khan Talpur Baloch and his brother Mir Murad Ali Baloch in 1812 at a cost of 1.2 million rupees (Sindh Gazetteer, 677).[7]

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while many Muslim refugees from India settled in the Jamshoro District.

Education[edit]

According to recent surveys by the Government of Pakistan Jamshoro has a literacy rate of around 80%. Whereas, child literacy happens to be around 85% ahead of the adult literacy that is about 75% ,higher than the national average that is 55%. For the reason, that more than half of the population consists of employees of the three universities who are themselves supporters of Education including both male & female. Rest all the population (mostly low standard people) have almost same way of thinking due to influences from the prosperous educated employed class. Thus, the city is sometimes referred as a Holy land. One that opens the gates of success for millions of masses. Presently there are around tens of million people who have received degree from the three universities & are having reputable jobs.[8]

Universities[edit]

The universities in Jamshoro are:

Schools & colleges[edit]

A number of schools & colleges are also present in the city that include; Cadet College Petaro, Pak Turk International School & College Jamshoro, The City School Jamshoro campus, The Educators Branch Jamshoro, Mehran University public school, Mehran grammar school & college, Labaik public school & college, Rise up grammar school, Children nursing school of LUMS, The Petals academy (for primary children) Sindh University Employees cooperative housing society, Askari school, Government girls school and college Sindh University colony & Government boys school and college Sindh University Employees cooperative housing society.[9]

Notable people[edit]

Folowing are notable people who have received education from Jamshoro.

Location[edit]

Jamshoro, famously known as the City of Universities is situated on the right bank of Indus River at south-west position of Province of Sindh sloping from direction North-east to south-west and is about 18 kilometers far from Hyderabad and at a distance of 150 kilometers from Karachi.

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Jamshoro
Religion Percent
Islam
  
98.84%
Hinduism
  
1.15%
Christianity
  
0.01%

The population of Jamshoro city is estimated to be 80,000 in 2014. The population of Jamshoro District increased from 582,094 in 1998 to 1,176,969 in 2011, an increase of 102.2%.[11] Roughly, 95% of the Population of the city consists of immigrants from various parts of interior Sindh who migrated to the town in around 1948-2001 & to a lesser extent from 2002-2014 decades. Therefore, the city holds a number of diverse Sindhi clans & ethinic groups mainly from Jamshoro District, Dadu District, Sukkur District, Larkana District, Khairpur District, Umarkot District, Matiari District, Nawabshah District, Shikarpur District, Tharparker, Naushahro Feroze District, Badin District & Jacobabad District.[12][13][14][15] The city is predominantly Sindhi with a community of Baloch people, Seraikis, Brahuis, Punjabis, Pashtuns & to a lesser extent Muhajir people.[16][17][18] The main tribes and clans inlude: Memons, Shaikhs, Soomros, Bachanis, Rajputs, Jamalis, Balochs, Khosas, Jatois, Khusks, Chandios, Narejos, Talpurs, Kalhoros, Sayyids/Syeds, Shah (surname), Rinds, Qureshis, Tanwaris, Buriros, Shoros, Malhas, Babars, Makhijanis, Ansari, Arains, Legharis, Channas, Abbasis, Bhattis, Mughals, Lunds, Akhunds, Hingoro, Solangis, Mahesars, Bughios, Tamachis & Burghuris.[19]

Jamshoro is predominantly Muslim with a small Hindu minority.[20]







Circle frame.svg

First Languages of Jamshoro city in (2013-2014)[17][21][22]

  Sindhi (98%)
  Others including (Brahuis, Balochis, Pathans, Punjabis and Urdu speakers) (2.00%)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sindh population surges by 81.5 pc, households by 83.9 pc". Thenews.com.pk. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/peopctry.php?rop3=109027&rog3=AF
  3. ^ a b The spirit of Jamshoro
  4. ^ Ranikot Fort Tourism Pakistan Retrieved 14 June 2014
  5. ^ Ondaatje, Christopher (May 1996). Sindh revisited: a journey in the footsteps of Captain Sir Richard Burton : 1842-1849, the India years. HarperCollins Publishers. p. 265. ISBN 978-0-00-255436-7. 
  6. ^ "Ranikot Fort". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Ranikot Fort – the Great Wall of Sindh". Islamic Arts and Culture. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  8. ^ http://www.statpak.gov.pk/depts/pco/statistics/pop_education/pop_education_rural_urban.html
  9. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1088912
  10. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-16066406
  11. ^ Sindh population surges by 81.5 pc, households by 83.9 pc
  12. ^ http://books.google.com.pk/books?id=gO6pPmYjF5MC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Sindh&hl=en&sa=X&ei=kLDWU5rbNcSGywO5g4GYBg&ved=0CB0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Sindh&f=false
  13. ^ http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/soc/faculty/waldinger/pdf/Immigran_A23.pdf
  14. ^ http://www.un.org/en/events/indigenousday/pdf/factsheet_migration_final.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.iza.org/conference_files/AMM_2013/zhang_d5367.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.jamshoro.com.pk/
  17. ^ a b http://www.nips.org.pk/abstract_files/Priliminary%20Report%20Final.pdf
  18. ^ http://siteresources.worldbank.org/PAKISTANEXTN/Resources/293051-1241610364594/6097548-1257441952102/balochistaneconomicreportvol2.pdf
  19. ^ http://www.joshuaproject.net/people-profile.php?peo3=18084&rog3=PK
  20. ^ http://countrystudies.us/pakistan/38.htm
  21. ^ http://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR290/FR290.pdf
  22. ^ http://www.census.gov.pk/index.php