Jamui

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Jamui district.
Jamui
city
Jamui is located in Bihar
Jamui
Jamui
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 24°55′N 86°13′E / 24.92°N 86.22°E / 24.92; 86.22Coordinates: 24°55′N 86°13′E / 24.92°N 86.22°E / 24.92; 86.22
Country  India
State Bihar
District Jamui
Government
 • Body

Collector- Shashikant Tiwary,

Member of Pparliament- Chirag Paswan(LJP)
Area
 • city 3,122.80 km2 (1,205.72 sq mi)
Elevation 78 m (256 ft)
Population (2001)
 • city 66,797
 • Density 401/km2 (1,040/sq mi)
 • Metro 181,227
Languages
 • Official

Angika, [[Hindi

language|Hindi]]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 811307
Telephone code

06345 postal_code = 811307

vehicle_code_range =
Website www.jamui.bih.nic.in

Jamui is a city and a municipality in Jamui district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the district headquarters of Jamui district. Jamui was formed as a district on 21 February 1991 as a result of its separation from Munger.

Historical existence of Jamui has been observed from the Period of Mahabharta war. Archaeological and historical evidence shows its close association with Jain tradition for a long past to the present time.

History of Bihar will remain incomplete without the history of Jamui. There are mainly two hypotheses which have been mentioned by historians regarding the origin of the name of the district Jamui. The first hypothesis said that the name of Jamui derived from “Jambhiya Gram” or “Jribhikgram” village, which has the place of attaining ‘Omniscience’ (Kevalaygnan) of Vardhaman Mahavir and according to another hypothesis the name Jamui is originated from Jambuwani.

Geography[edit]

Jamui is located at 24°55′N 86°13′E / 24.92°N 86.22°E / 24.92; 86.22.[1] It has an average elevation of 78 metres (255 feet).

Jamui is well connected to the rest of the country via road while the Delhi-Howrah rail line is 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) away at Mallepur (Mallepur railway station is also known as Jamui railway station). Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna is about 161 kilometres (100 mi) and Gaya Airport 136 kilometres (85 mi) away.

Situated along the Bihar-Jharkhand border, Jamui is dotted with hills and the small retreat town of Simultala falls within the Jhajha block, on the main Delhi-Howrah rail line. The town of Gidhaur, situated 17 kilometres (11 mi) away was the seat of kings during the British Raj and many buildings from the period still survive. Minto Tower in Gidhaur is a prime example of architecture from the period. Jamui district is also known for having many places related to the origin of Jainism.

The district has untapped reserves of resources including mica, coal, gold and iron ore.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Jamui had a population of 66,752. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jamui has an average literacy rate of 55%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 65%, and female literacy is 44%. In Jamui, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Notable Places[edit]

  • Kakan This place is situated 20 km north of Jamui. This

is supposed to be the birthplace of Suvidhinath, the 9th Tirthankara of Jains. Thousands of pilgrims use to visit this place every year.

  • Indpai This is supposed to be the capital of the last local king

of Pala dynasty, Indradyumna of 12th century. It was earlier known as Indraprastha. Many archaeological evidences have been found at this place.

  • Kumar Gram There is an old Devi temple, which is known as Netula

Than. This place is situated in Sikandra Block.

  • Simultalla This place is famous for its beautiful scenic hills

and pleasant weather. It is supposed to be the Tapobhumi of Sri Ram Krishna Paramhans, who founded Taramath of Devi Bhagvati. A new Residential school 'Simultala Awasiya Vidyalaya' is opened like the 'Netarhat Residential School', which is now in Jharkhand.

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jamui one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Divisions[edit]

  1. No. of Police District 1
  2. No. of Sub-Divisions 1
  3. No. of Blocks 10
  4. No. of Circles 10
  5. No. of Police Stations 28
  6. No. of Panchayats 153
  7. No. of Villages 1,506

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Jamui district has a population of 1,756,078,[4] roughly equal to the nation of [[The Gambia]][5] or the US state of Nebraska.[6] This gives it a ranking of 273rd in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 567 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,470/sq mi) .[4] Its [[Family planning in India|population growth rate]] over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.54%.[4] Jamui has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 62.16%.[4]

Famous Personalities[edit]

Late Sri Chandrashekhar Singh: Chandrashekhar Singh was a member of Indian National Congress and served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from Aug 1983 to Mar 1985. He also held a number of Cabinet Ministers positions in the Cabinet of Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.

Late Sri Tripurari Singh: Noted political leader who became Chairman of Bihar Vidhan Sabha.

Late Sri Shukra Das Yadav: Noted social reformer and political leader, who fought for the cause of weaker section of the society. He also fought against Dowry, Child Marriage and Caste System. Later he joined politics and became Pramukh.

Late Sri Shyama Prasad Singh: A freedom fighter who actively participating in Civil Disobedience Movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He was editor of Calcutta Samachar and director of Nav Sakti Patna.

Late Sri Giridhar Narayan Singh: Noted freedom fighter member of Socialist Party who founded the Kishan Shabha against the British rule. He actively participated in 1942 Quit India Movement.

Late Sri Dukhharan Prasad: Noted freedom fighter, who led the freedom movement to the common masses. He was sent to jail in 1943 where he was assaulted badly by the police and consequently he died and became an immortal martyr of the nation.

Late Sri Kumar Kalika Prasad Singh: Famous freedom fighter and Satyagrahi, who went jail several times during the British rule. K.K.M College, Jamui has been named after him.

Culture[edit]

Museum[edit]

Chandrashekhar Singh Sangrahalay

The Jamui museum was established under the aegis of Shri Bhuvaneshwar Nath Verma, the then S.D.O. Jamui 1982-83, and it was inaugurated by Shri N.K. Singh, Divisional Commissioner Bhagalpur, on 16 March 1983.It is located near Ashok Town Hall. The museum was taken over by Shri M.K. Mandal, Spl. Secretary Education, Government of Bihar, Patna from Shri B.N. Verma, S.D.O. Jamui, on 9 June 1983. Later the Jamui museum was renamed as Chandrashekhar Singh Sangrahalay. On its inception the monuments count totaled to 121. Currently, the total number of archaeological remains in this museum is 178. Various statues of Lord Vishnu, Lord Bhudha, Goddess Uma, Durga, Surya, ancient rocks and terracotta seals etc. are available.A new sprawling museum campus is under construction beside the present premises.

Music[edit]

The musical tradition of the district was rich in the past and is getting enriched in present times also. In the past two the decades Sri Bajrang Lal Gupta has worked as an A.I.R. artist of light classical music. Sri Jyotrindra Kumar, Dr. Anjubala, Smt. Sujata Kumari, Kumar Amitabh, Sri Chandan Gupta, Sri Shailesh Kumar, Smt. Abha Singh,Sri Anil Pathak etc. are making a significant contribution towards the upliftment of music in Jamui district.

Literature[edit]

Jamui has been a fertile ground for man of literature and poets. Dr.Prof. Awadh Kishore Sinha, Dr. Shyamanand Prasad have held the flag of literature high. This has been ably kept up and continued by young poets and writers such as Prof Dr. Jagrup Prasad, Prof. Dr. Sunil Yadav, prof. Babita singh Prof. Sukhdev Thakur, Prof. Prabhat Sarsij, Dr. Giridhar Acharya, Prof. Brajnandan Modi. Jamui has the literary effort of Pt. Jagannath Pd.Chaturvedi. Beginning with his Majesty Ramneshwar Pd. Singh up to Kumar Ranbir Singh comprises a long list of ancient poet of the district, who wrote in Braj Bhasha. The contributions of more recent poets like BraJ Vallabh Chaturbedi, Smt. Kishori, Late Kiran Ji, Tripurari Singh Matwala, Deverendra Malaypuri, Prabhat Sarsij, Vinay Asham.

Transport[edit]

Main article: Jamui Station

Jamui Railway Station, station code JMU, is one of the major railway stations in Danapur division of East Central Railway. Jamui is connected to metropolitan areas of India, by the Delhi-Kolkata Main Line via Mugalsarai-Patna route which runs along the historic [[Grand Trunk road]].[7][8]

Jamui Station serves the headquarters of Jamui district in the Indian state of Bihar. Railways and roads are the main means of transport in the region. The Jamui railway station is in [[Howrah-Delhi Main Line|Howrah-Patna-Mughalsarai main line]]. Most of the Patna, Barauni bound express trains coming from Howrah, Sealdah, Ranchi, Tatanagar stop here.[9]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1987 Jamui district became home to the Nagi Dam [[Wildlife Sanctuaries in India|Wildlife Sanctuary]], which has an area of 7.9 km2 (3.1 sq mi).[10] It is also home to the Nakti Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, which was established in 1987 and has an area of 3.3 km2 (1.3 sq mi).[10]

Sports[edit]

Jamui District is progressing very fast in the field of Sports and Games. The organizations like Jamui district Amateur Athletics Association, District Football Association, District Women Football Association, District Cricket Association, District Kabaddi Association etc. are actively participating in promotion. of games and sports. The existence of such large number of associations and organizations concerned with such a large variety of sports & games points to the vitality, interest & involvement of the local people in these fields. The leadership provided by Lt. Parasnath Bariyar, Tapeshwar Pd. Bariyar, Hoda Sahed,Ritwij Anshuman Kamta Pd. Singh, Nathu Ram,Kaushal Kumar Yadav and Kedar Pd. Singh in field of sports and games had raised the position of Jamui to the state level as early as two or three decades ago.

Recently 1st District Level Athletics Meet, 11th State Level President Cup Football Tournament, Late Shukra Das Cricket Tournament has been organized successfully.

There are two stadiums namely Jamui Stadium, Jamui & Kumar Surendra Pratap Singh Stadium, Gidhaur and one Special Area Game Centre at Gidhaur in the district.Jamui's people never forget Lt Shree Digvijay Singh's contribution to make this Stadium.

[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jamui
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ a b {{cite web|author=Ministry of Panchayati Raj|date=September 8, 2009|title=A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme|publisher=National Institute of Rural Development|url=http://www.nird.org.in/brgf/doc/brgf_BackgroundNote.pdf%7Caccessdate=September 27, 2011}}
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est. 
  6. ^ {{cite web|url=http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php%7Ctitle=2010 Resident Population Data|publisher=U. S. Census Bureau|accessdate=2011-09-30| quote = Nebraska 1,826,341 }}
  7. ^ "About District". Official District website. Retrieved 15 April 2012. 
  8. ^ {{cite web|title=Jamui|url=http://www.brandbihar.com/english/districts/Jamui/Jamui.html%7Cwork=Overview%7Cpublisher=BrandBihar%7Caccessdate=15 April 2012}}
  9. ^ "Violation of rly rules led to Jamui mishap". The Times of India. Aug 19, 2001. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  10. ^ a b {{cite web|author=Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment|date=|title=Protected areas: Bihar|publisher=|url=http://oldwww.wii.gov.in/envis/envis_pa_network/index.htm%7Caccessdate=September 25, 2011}}
  11. ^ {{cite web|url=http://citypincode.in/BIHAR/JAMUI/Jamui_PINCODE |title=Jamui PinCode |publisher=citypincode.in |date= |accessdate=2014-05-19}}