Jamui district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Jamui.
Jamui district
जमुई जिला
District of Bihar
Location of Jamui district in Bihar
Location of Jamui district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Munger
Headquarters Jamui
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Jamui
Area
 • Total 3,122 km2 (1,205 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,756,078
 • Density 560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 62.16 per cent
 • Sex ratio 921
Average annual precipitation 1102 mm
Website Official website

Jamui is one of the 38 districts of Bihar state, India. The district was formed on 21 February 1991, when it was separated from Munger district. It is located at a longitude of 86° 13'E and the latitude is 24° 55'N.

History[edit]

Various literature indicates the fact that Jamui was known as Jambhiyaagram. According to Jainism, the 24th Tirthankar lord Mahavir got divine knowledge in Jambhiyagram situated on the bank of river named Ujjihuvaliya. Another place of a divine light of Lord Mahavir was also traced as "Jrimbhikgram "on the bank of Rijuvalika river which resembles Jambhiyagram Ujjhuvaliya.

The Hindi translation of the words Jambhiya and Jrimbhikgram is Jamuhi which is doveloped in the recent time as Jamui. With the prassage of time, the river Ujhuvaliya /Rijuvalika is supposed to be deoveloped as the river Ulai and as such both the place are still found in Jamui . The Ulai river is still flowing nearby Jamui. The old name of Jamui has been traced as Jambhubani in a copper plate which has been kept in Patna Museum. This plate clarifies that in the 12th century, Jambudani was today's Jamui. Thus, the two ancient names as Jambhiyagram and Jambubani prove that this district was important as a religious place for Jains, and it was also a place of Gupta dynasty in the 19th century; the historian Buchanan also visited this place in 1811 and found the historical facts. According to other historians Jamui, was also famous in the era of Mahabharata.

According to available literature, Jamui was related to Gupta and Pala rulers before the 12th century. But after that this place became famous for Chandel rulers. Prior to Chandel Raj, this place was ruled by Nigoria, who was defeated by Chandels and the dynasty of Chandels founded in the 13th century. The kingdom of Chandels spread over the whole of Jamui.

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

Geography[edit]

Jamui district occupies an area of 3,098 square kilometres (1,196 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Yamdena Island.[3]

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jamui one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Divisions[edit]

  1. No. of Police District 1
  2. No. of Sub-Divisions 1
  3. No. of Blocks 10
  4. No. of Circles 10
  5. No. of Police Stations 28
  6. No. of Panchayats 153
  7. No. of Villages 1,506

Block[edit]

  • Gidhaur
  • Islamnagar-Aliganj
  • Barhat
  • Chakai
  • Jamui
  • Jhajha
  • Khaira
  • Lakshmipur
  • Sikandra
  • Sono
  • Makhdoom pur danrh

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Jamui district has a population of 1,756,078,[5] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[6] or the US state of Nebraska.[7] This gives it a ranking of 273rd in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 567 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,470 /sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.54%.[5] Jamui has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 62.16%.[5]

Famous Personalities[edit]

Late Mohammad Usman: He born and brought up in Adsar (a village at a distance of 9 km from Jamui). He was a great social activist as well as Chairman of Jamui and head of Adsar who did number of reforms in and around Adsar. Adsar was having complete electrification by the initiative of Mohammad Usman in 70-80's. There were no interference of Police in Adsar at the time Mohammad Usman was alive and if there exists any matter, Police discusses with him and he used to solve the issue at village level only. Janta High School was donated by his daughter Rashida Khatoon so that residents of Adsar can have facility to study in Adsar and till now more than thousand of students got educated from this school and are working all over the world.

Late Sri Chandrashekhar Singh: Chandrashekhar Singh was a member of Indian National Congress and served as the Chief Minister of Bihar from Aug 1983 to Mar 1985. He also held a number of Cabinet Ministers positions in the Cabinet of Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.

Late Sri Tripurari Singh: Noted political leader who became Chairman of Bihar Vidhan Sabha.

Late Sri Shukra Das Yadav: Noted social reformer and political leader, who fought for the cause of weaker section of the society. He also fought against Dowry, Child Marriage and Caste System. Later he joined politics and became Pramukh.

Late Sri Shyama Prasad Singh: A freedom fighter who actively participating in Civil Disobedience Movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He was editor of Calcutta Samachar and director of Nav Sakti Patna.

Late Sri Giridhar Narayan Singh: Noted freedom fighter member of Socialist Party who founded the Kishan Shabha against the British rule. He actively participated in 1942 Quit India Movement.

Late Sri Dukhharan Prasad: Noted freedom fighter, who led the freedom movement to the common masses. He was sent to jail in 1943 where he was assaulted badly by the police and consequently he died and became an immortal martyr of the nation.

Late Sri Anandi Prasad: was the ticket collector and was awarded with best person in railway.he was very calm person and interestin. Late Sri Kumar Kalika Prasad Singh: Famous freedom fighter and Satyagrahi, who went jail several times during the British rule. K,K, M,College, Jamui has been named after him.

Transport[edit]

Main article: Jamui Station

Jamui Railway Station, station code JMU, is one of the major railway stations in Danapur division of East Central Railway. Jamui is connected to metropolitan areas of India, by the Delhi-Kolkata Main Line via Mugalsarai-Patna route which runs along the historic Grand Trunk road.[8][9]

Jamui Station serves the headquarters of Jamui district in the Indian state of Bihar. Railways and roads are the main means of transport in the region.The Jamui railway station is in Howrah-Patna-Mughalsarai main line. Most of the Patna, Barauni bound express trains coming from Howrah, Sealdah, Ranchi, Tatanagar stop here.[10]

Culture[edit]

Museum[edit]

Chandrashekhar Singh Sangrahalay

Founded on 16 March 1983. Total number of archaeological remains in this museum is 178. Various statues of Lord Vishnu, Lord Bhudha,. Goddess Uma, Durga, Surya, ancient rocks and terracotta seals etc. are available.

Music[edit]

The musical tradition of the district was rich in the past and is getting enriched in present times also. In the past two the decades Sri Bajrang Lal Gupta has worked as an A.I.R. artist of light classical music. Sri Jyotrindra Kumar, Dr. Anjubala, Smt.Sujata Kumari, Kumar Amitabh, Sri Chandan Gupta, Sri Shailesh Kumar, Smt. Abha Singh, Sri Anil Pathak, Chandan Singh, D.D Singh etc. are making a significant contribution towards the upliftment of music in Jamui district. Shasi Ranjan Prasad is a classical dancer.

Literature[edit]

Jamui has been a fertile ground for man of literature and poets. Dr.Prof.Awadh Kishore Sinha, Dr.Shyamanand Prasad have held the flag of literature high. This has been ably kept up and continued by young poets and writers such as Prof Dr. Jagrup Prasad, Prof. Dr. Sunil Yadav, Prof. Sukhdev Thakur, Prof. Prabhat Sarsij, Dr. Giridhar Acharya, Prof. Brajnandan Modi. Jamui has the literary effort of Pt. Jagannath Pd.Chaturvedi. Beginning with his Majesty Rameshwar Pd. Singh up to Kumar Ranbir Singh comprises a long list of ancient poet of the district, who wrote in Braj Bhasha. The contributions of more recent poets like BraJ Vallabh Chaturbedi, Smt. Kishori, Late Kiran Ji, Tripurari Singh Matwala, Deverendra Malaypuri, Prabhat Sarsij, Vinay Asham, Shyam Prasad Dixit, Anandi Prasad Singh, Raj Kishor Prasad(Advocate),Abhinav singh (darha) (politician & social worker).

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1987 Jamui district became home to the Nagi Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 7.9 km2 (3.1 sq mi).[11] It is also home to the Nakti Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, which was established in 1987 and has an area of 3.3 km2 (1.3 sq mi).[11]

Sports[edit]

Jamui District is progressing very fast in the field of Sports and Games. The organizations like Jamui district Amateur Athletics Association, District Football Association, District Women Football Association, District Cricket Association, District Kabaddi Association etc. are actively participating in promotion. of games and sports. The existence of such large number of associations and organizations concerned with such a large variety of sports & games points to the vitality, interest & involvement of the local people in these fields. The leadership provided by Lt. Parasnath Bariyar, Tapeshwar Pd. Bariyar, Hoda Sahed, Kamta Pd. Singh,Mr Vicky Kumar, Nathu Ram,Kaushal Kumar Yadav and Kedar Pd. Singh in field of sports and games had raised the position of Jamui to the state level as early as two or three decades ago.

Recently 1st District Level Athletics Meet, 11th State Level President Cup Football Tournament, Late Shukra Das Cricket Tournament has been organized successfully.

There are two stadiums namely Jamui Stadium, Jamui & Kumar Surendra Pratap Singh Stadium, Gidhaur and one Special Area Game Centre at Gidhaur in the district.Jamui's people never forget Lt Shree Digvijay Singh's contribution to make this Stadium.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Yamdena 3,100km2" 
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est." 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nebraska 1,826,341" 
  8. ^ "About District". Official District website. Retrieved 15 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Jamui". Overview. BrandBihar. Retrieved 15 April 2012. 
  10. ^ "Violation of rly rules led to Jamui mishap". The Times of India. Aug 19, 2001. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°55′12″N 86°13′12″E / 24.9200°N 86.2200°E / 24.9200; 86.2200