Čulík is a graduate of Czech studies and English studies at the Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague (1977, PhDr 1978.) In the 1980s, he worked as a television producer in the United Kingdom, making films for Channel 4 Television. He also cooperated with a number of Czech dissident organisations in the West, helping to disseminate information about pre-1989 oppression in Czechoslovakia. Beginning in 1989, Čulík worked as an investigative journalist for the Czech service of Radio Free Europe.
Čulík is now Senior Lecturer in Czech Studies at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, and the author of several publications in this field, including the first detailed study of Czech emigré literature, Books behind the Fence: Czech Literature in Émigré Publishing Houses 1971-1989, and a series of works comprising selections of articles from Britské Listy: Jak Češi Myslí (How Czechs Think), Jak Češi Jednají (How Czechs Act), Jak Češi Bojují (How Czechs Fight) and V Hlavních zprávách: Televize (On the Main News: Television). In November 2007, he published an extensive monograph dealing with post-communist Czech cinema. In November 2012, he published a monograph dealing with the stereotypes disseminated by post-communist Czech feature film A Society in Distress: The Image of the Czech Republic in Contemporary Czech Feature Film, Sussex Academic Press, ISBN 978-1-84519-551-9  and in September 2013 he published, in cooperation with six other international scholars, a monograph entitled National Mythologies in Central European TV Series How J.R. won the Cold War, Sussex Academic Press, ISBN 978-1-84519-596-0 
- Britské Listy
- Čulík's 2002 study of the Czech media
- Another analysis of the Czech media
- Contributions on Czech affairs to Central Europe Review
- list of Jan Čulík's publications
- http://www.blisty.cz/2007/12/13/art37569.html Jací jsme: Česká společnost v hraném filmu devadesátých a nultých let. What we are like: Czech society in feature film of the 1990s and 2000s, Host, Brno, 2007, 656 pp. colour plates, ISBN 978-80-7294-254-1