Jan Claudius de Cock

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For other uses, see Jan De Cock (disambiguation).

Jan Claudius de Cock (alternative name spellings and versions: Jan Claudius de Cocq, Jan Claudius de Cocx, Jan Claudius de Kock, Gelaude de Cock, Joannes-Geloude de Kock) (Brussels, 1667 – Antwerp, 1735) [1] was a Flemish painter, sculptor, printmaker and writer.[2] De Cock produced both religious and secular sculpture on a small as well as monumental scale. He is regarded as a contributor to the rise of neoclassicism in later Flemish sculpture.[3]

Career[edit]

Bust of an African Boy, Walters Museum

De Cock was the son of the sculptor Claudius de Cock. He became a pupil of Pieter Verbrugghen in Antwerp in 1682-1683.[1][4] He gained the title of master of the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in 1688 or 1689. De Cock decorated the courtyard of the Breda Palace for King William III, stadtholder of the Netherlands in the years from 1692 to 1697 with the assistance of his brother-in-law Melchior Serlippens and seven or eight pupils.[1][5] In addition, he carved the "William and Mary" ceiling and made a series of busts of the Princes of Orange, including of Prince Philip William and Prince Maurice.[3][6][7]

In the late 1690s, he returned to Antwerp and established a large workshop. De Cock worked on a wide range of religious sculptures such as altars, choir stalls, confessionals, pulpits and tombs, as well as secular items such as garden statues and monuments.[5] He also wrote treatises on art and poems.[3]

Selected works
The rape of Proserpina

The 1704 "Negro boy with fortress crown" statue is part of the collection of the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam,[8] while the marble Bust of a black boy (1705–10) is part of the collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum.[5] There is also a bronze Bust of an African Boy in the Walters Museum.[9]

Ayer ("air"; 27 centimetres (11 in) high) and Ignis ("fire"; 26 centimetres (10 in) high) are a pair of terracotta works that may represent Europe and Africa; typical of de Cock's lively style, they were created around 1705.[10] Alpheius and Arethusa and Apollo en Daphne are bas reliefs, both signed 1707.[11]

De Cock made in 1713 Caryatids for the choir stalls of the former priory of Corsendonk in Oud-Turnhout.[12] A statuary marble group of boy, satyrs and goat by de Cock is dated 1724.[13] The early 18th century War and Peace is a terracotta sculpture, 33.5 centimetres (13.2 in) x 17 centimetres (6.7 in) in size, and signed with his monogram on the right side, possibly at the time of the peace talks in 1710 in Geertruidenberg.[14] Allegory of Sculpture, measuring 336.5 centimetres (132.5 in) x 19.2 centimetres (7.6 in), is a black chalk, pen and brown ink, black ink drawing, with the inscriptions Joannes Claud: de Cock invenit delineavit Anno= MDCCVI and Sculptura Pace, et Abondante.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Biographical details at the Netherlands Institute for Art History (Dutch)
  2. ^ Bower, James M.; Getty, Murtha B. (1994). Union List of Artist Names: Aa-Dzw. Cengage Gale. p. 572. ISBN 978-0-8161-0725-4. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Cynthia Lawrence. "Cock, Jan Claudius de." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. Web. 26 Feb. 2014.
  4. ^ Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art; Ward, Roger B.; Philbrook Art Center (June 1996). Dürer to Matisse: master drawings from the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art. Cummer Museum of Art, Hood Museum of Art. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-942614-27-5. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "Bust of a black boy, Jan-Claudius de Cock". Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  6. ^ Harris, John (2007). Moving rooms. Yale University Press. pp. 291–. ISBN 978-0-300-12420-0. Retrieved 2 July 2011. 
  7. ^ Jeroen Grosveld, 'De Oorlog' van Jan Claudius de Cock' (Dutch)
  8. ^ Blakely, Allison (1 March 2001). Blacks in the Dutch World: The Evolution of Racial Imagery in a Modern Society. Indiana University Press. pp. 129–130. ISBN 978-0-253-21433-1. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  9. ^ Bust of an African Boy at the Walters Museum
  10. ^ "JAN CLAUDIUS DE COCK (1667–1735) A Pair of Figures representing Air and Fire". MasterArt.com Ltd. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  11. ^ "Jan Claudius de Cock – Alpheius and Arethusa (1707)". cedargallery.nl. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  12. ^ Baisier, Claire; Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Belgium) (2000). 17th and 18th century drawings: The Van Herck collection. King Baudoin Foundation. p. 188. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  13. ^ The Art Journal. London: Virtue and Co. 1900. pp. 222–. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  14. ^ "Kunstzalen A. Vecht". TEFAF Maastricht. Retrieved 25 June 2011. 
  15. ^ "Jan Claudius de Cock (Antwerp 1667-1735) Allegory of Sculpture". Christie's. July 7, 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2011.