Jan Kodeš

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Jan Kodeš
Jan Kodeš.JPG
Country  Czechoslovakia
Residence Prague, Czech Republic
Born (1946-03-01) March 1, 1946 (age 68)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
Height 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Turned pro 1968 (amateur tour from 1966)
Retired 1983
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Prize money $693,197
Int. Tennis HOF 1990 (member page)
Singles
Career record 410-241 (Open era)
Career titles 11
Highest ranking No. 4 (September 1973)
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open W (1970, 1971)
Wimbledon W (1973)
US Open F (1971, 1973)
Other tournaments
Tour Finals RR (1970, 1971, 1972, 1973)
WCT Finals SF (1974)
Doubles
Career record 313-183
Career titles 17
Highest ranking No. 12 (May 21, 1979)
Last updated on: October 9, 2012.

Jan Kodeš (Czech: Jan Kodeš; born March 1, 1946, in Prague, Czechoslovakia) is a right-handed Czech former tennis player who won three Grand Slam events in the early 1970s.

Kodeš's greatest success was on the clay courts of the French Open. He won the title there in 1970, beating Željko Franulović in the final, and in 1971, defeating Ilie Năstase in the final. He also won Wimbledon on grass in 1973, although 13 of the top 16 players, and 81 players in total, did not play the tournament[1] that year because of a boycott over the ILTF banning Nikola Pilić from that Wimbledon. Kodeš beat home favorite Roger Taylor in the semifinals 8–9, 9–7, 5–7, 6–4, 7–5 and Alex Metreveli in the final 6–1, 9–8, 6–3.

Kodeš never played the Australian Open but he was twice the runner-up at the US Open, in 1971 and 1973.

Kodeš reached his highest tour ranking of World No. 4 in September 1973. During his career, he won a total of 8 top-level singles titles and 17 doubles titles.

He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1990, in 2013 he received Czech fair play award from Czech Olympic Committee.

Career statistics[edit]

Grand Slam tournament performance timeline[edit]

Tournament 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 SR W–L Win %
Grand Slam tournaments
Australian Open Absent 0 / 0 0–0 0.00
French Open 2R 4R 1R[a] 4R W W QF QF 4R 4R 3R 4R 3R 2 / 13 41–10 80.39
Wimbledon 1R 1R1 1R 2R 1R 1R SF W QF 2R A 1R 1R 1 / 12 18–11 62.07
US Open A A A 2R A F 2R F 4R 4R QF 3R A 0 / 8 26–8 76.47
Win–Loss 1–2 3–2 0–1 5–3 7–1 13–2 9–3 17–2 10–3 7–3 6–2 5–3 2–2 3 / 33 85–29 74.56

1 Start of the Open Era.
a 1968 French Open counts as 0 wins, 0 losses. Fernando Gentil received a walkover in the first round, after Kodeš withdrew, does not count as a Kodeš loss (nor a Gentil win).

Finals: 5 (3 titles, 2 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Winner 1970 French Open (1) Clay Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović 6–2, 6–4, 6–0
Winner 1971 French Open (2) Clay Romania Ilie Năstase 8–6, 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
Runner-up 1971 US Open (1) Grass United States Stan Smith 6–3, 3–6, 2–6, 6–7(3–5)
Winner 1973 Wimbledon Grass Soviet Union Alex Metreveli 6–1, 9–8(7–5), 6–3
Runner-up 1973 US Open (2) Grass Australia John Newcombe 4–6, 6–1, 6–4, 2–6, 3–6

Open era singles finals (26)[edit]

Wins (8)[edit]

Outcome No. Date Championship Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1. 1969 Barranquilla, Colombia Clay Romania Ilie Năstase 4–6, 4–6, 10–8, 6–2, 3–6
Winner 1. 1970 French Open, Paris Clay Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović 6–2, 6–4, 6–0
Runner-up 2. 1970 Rome, Italy Clay Romania Ilie Năstase 3–6, 6–1, 3–6, 6–8
Runner-up 3. 1971 Nice, France Clay Romania Ilie Năstase 8–10, 9–11, 1–6
Winner 2. 1971 Catania, Italy Clay France Georges Goven 6–3, 6–0, 6–2
Runner-up 4. 1971 Rome, Italy Clay Australia Rod Laver 5–7, 3–6, 3–6
Winner 3. 1971 French Open, Paris Clay Romania Ilie Năstase 8–6, 6–2, 2–6, 7–5
Runner-up 5. 1971 U.S. Open, New York City Grass United States Stan Smith 6–3, 3–6, 2–6, 6–7
Runner-up 6. 1971 Stockholm, Sweden Hard (i) United States Arthur Ashe 1–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–1, 4–6
Runner-up 7. 1972 Nice, France Clay Romania Ilie Năstase 0–6, 4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 8. 1972 Rome, Italy Clay Spain Manuel Orantes 6–4, 1–6, 5–7, 2–6
Winner 4. 1972 Barcelona, Spain Clay Spain Manuel Orantes 6–3, 6–2, 6–3
Winner 5. 1973 Cologne WCT, Germany Carpet New Zealand Brian Fairlie 6–1, 6–3, 6–1
Runner-up 9. 1973 Vancouver WCT, Canada Carpet United States Tom Gorman 6–3, 2–6, 5–7
Winner 6. 1973 Wimbledon, London Grass Soviet Union Alex Metreveli 6–1, 9–8, 6–3
Runner-up 10. 1973 U.S. Open, New York City Grass Australia John Newcombe 4–6, 6–1, 6–4, 2–6, 3–6
Runner-up 11. 1973 Prague, Czechoslovakia Mateflex Czechoslovakia Jiří Hřebec 6–4, 1–6, 6–3, 0–6, 5–7
Runner-up 12. 1975 Hampton, U.S. Carpet United States Jimmy Connors 6–3, 3–6, 0–6
Runner-up 13. 1975 Hamburg, Germany Clay Spain Manuel Orantes 6–3, 2–6, 2–6, 6–4, 1–6
Runner-up 14. 1975 Düsseldorf, Germany Clay Chile Jaime Fillol 4–6, 6–1, 0–6, 5–7
Runner-up 15. 1975 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay Italy Adriano Panatta 6–2, 2–6, 5–7, 4–6
Winner 7. 1975 Madrid, Spain Clay Italy Adriano Panatta 6–2, 3–6, 7–6, 6–2
Winner 8. 1976 Basel, Switzerland Mateflex Czechoslovakia Jiří Hřebec 6–4, 6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 16. 1976 Nice, France Clay Italy Corrado Barazzutti 2–6, 6–2, 7–5, 6–7, 6–8
Runner-up 17. 1976 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay Spain Manuel Orantes 6–7, 2–6, 6–7
Runner-up 18. 1977 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay Argentina Guillermo Vilas 7–5, 2–6, 6–4, 3–6, 2–6

Doubles titles (17)[edit]

Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1. 1970 Båstad, Sweden Clay Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović Australia Dick Crealy
Australia Allan Stone
2–6, 6–2, 12–12, RET.
Runner-up 2. 1970 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović Australia John Alexander
Australia Phil Dent
8–10, 2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 3. 1970 Phoenix, U.S. Hard United States Charlie Pasarell Australia Dick Crealy
Australia Ray Ruffels
6–7, 3–6
Runner-up 4. 1970 Buenos Aires, Argentina Clay Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović Australia Bob Carmichael
Australia Ray Ruffels
5–7, 2–6, 7–5, 7–6, 3–6
Runner-up 5. 1971 Macon, U.S. Carpet Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović United States Clark Graebner
Brazil Thomaz Koch
3–6, 6–7
Runner-up 6. 1971 Catania, Italy Clay Czechoslovakia Jan Kukal France Pierre Barthès
France Francois Jauffret
6-7, 6-2, 3-6
Winner 1. 1971 Indianapolis, U.S. Clay Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović United States Clark Graebner
United States Erik Van Dillen
7–6, 5–7, 6–3
Winner 2. 1972 Nice, France Clay United States Stan Smith South Africa Frew McMillan
Romania Ilie Năstase
6–3, 3–6, 7–5
Winner 3. 1972 Hamburg, Germany Clay Romania Ilie Năstase South Africa Bob Hewitt
Romania Ion Ţiriac
4–6, 6–0, 3–6, 6–2, 6–2
Runner-up 7. 1972 Montreal, Canada Clay Czechoslovakia Jan Kukal Romania Ilie Năstase
Romania Ion Ţiriac
6–7, 3–6
Winner 4. 1973 Los Angeles, U.S. Hard Czechoslovakia Vladimír Zedník United States Jimmy Connors
Romania Ilie Năstase
6–2, 6–4
Winner 5. 1973 Prague, Czechoslovakia Mateflex Czechoslovakia Vladimír Zedník Hungary Róbert Machán
Hungary Balázs Taróczy
7-6, 7–6
Winner 6. 1974 Palm Desert WCT, U.S. Hard Czechoslovakia Vladimír Zedník United States Raymond Moore
New Zealand Onny Parun
6–4, 6–4
Winner 7. 1974 Düsseldorf, Germany Clay Czechoslovakia Jiří Hřebec Japan Ken-Ichi Hirai
Japan Toshiro Sakai
6–1, 6–4
Runner-up 8. 1975 Salisbury, U.S. Carpet United Kingdom Roger Taylor United States Jimmy Connors
Romania Ilie Năstase
6–7, 2–6
Winner 8. 1975 Munich, Germany Clay Poland Wojtek Fibak West Germany Milan Holeček
West Germany Karl Meiler
7–5, 6–3
Runner-up 9. 1975 Hamburg, Germany Clay Poland Wojtek Fibak Spain Juan Gisbert, Sr.
Spain Manuel Orantes
3–6, 6–7
Winner 9. 1975 Düsseldorf, Germany Clay France François Jauffret West Germany Harald Elschenbroich
Austria Hans Kary
6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 10. 1975 Montreal, Canada Hard Romania Ilie Năstase South Africa Cliff Drysdale
South Africa Raymond Moore
4–6, 7–5, 6–7
Winner 10. 1975 Madrid, Spain Clay Romania Ilie Năstase Spain Juan Gisbert, Sr.
Spain Manuel Orantes
6–4, 3–6, 9–7
Winner 11. 1976 Kitzbühel, Austria Clay Czechoslovakia Jiří Hřebec West Germany Jürgen Fassbender
West Germany Hans-Jürgen Pohmann
6–7, 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 12. 1977 Baltimore, U.S. Carpet Australia Ross Case Romania Ion Ţiriac
Argentina Guillermo Vilas
3–6, 7–6, 4–6
Winner 12. 1977 Monte Carlo WCT, Monaco Clay France François Jauffret Poland Wojtek Fibak
Netherlands Tom Okker
2–6, 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 13. 1977 French Open, Paris Clay Poland Wojtek Fibak United States Brian Gottfried
Mexico Raúl Ramírez
6–7, 6–4, 3–6, 4–6
Winner 13. 1977 Barcelona, Spain Clay Poland Wojtek Fibak South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
6–0, 6–4
Runner-up 14. 1977 Vienna, Austria Carpet Poland Wojtek Fibak South Africa Bob Hewitt
South Africa Frew McMillan
4–6, 3–6
Runner-up 15. 1977 Oviedo, Spain Carpet Mexico Raúl Ramírez United States Fred McNair
United States Sherwood Stewart
3–6, 1–6
Runner-up 16. 1978 Springfield, U.S. Carpet United States Marty Riessen United States Robert Lutz
United States Stan Smith
3–6, 3–6
Runner-up 17. 1978 Nice, France Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd France Patrice Dominguez
France François Jauffret
4–6, 0–6
Runner-up 18. 1978 Rome, Italy Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd Paraguay Víctor Pecci
Chile Belus Prajoux
7–6, 6–7, 1–6
Winner 14. 1978 Stuttgart Outdoor, Germany Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd Brazil Carlos Kirmayr
Chile Belus Prajoux
6–3, 7–6
Runner-up 19. 1978 Aix-en-Provence, France Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd Romania Ion Ţiriac
Argentina Guillermo Vilas
6–7, 1–6
Winner 15. 1978 Madrid, Spain Clay Poland Wojtek Fibak Czechoslovakia Pavel Složil
Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd
6–7, 6–1, 6–2
Winner 16. 1979 Hamburg, Germany Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd Australia Mark Edmondson
Australia John Marks
6–3, 6–1, 7–6
Runner-up 20. 1979 Hilversum, Netherlands Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd Netherlands Tom Okker
Hungary Balázs Taróczy
1–6, 3–6
Runner-up 21. 1979 Indianapolis, U.S. Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd United States Gene Mayer
United States John McEnroe
4–6, 6–7
Runner-up 22. 1980 Barcelona, Spain Clay Hungary Balázs Taróczy United States Steve Denton
Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl
2–6, 7–6, 3–6
Runner-up 23. 1980 Cologne, Germany Carpet Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd South Africa Bernard Mitton
Zimbabwe Andrew Pattison
4–6, 1–6
Winner 17. 1982 Hilversum, Netherlands Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd Hungary Balázs Taróczy
Switzerland Heinz Günthardt
7–6, 6–4
Runner-up 24. 1983 Hilversum, Netherlands Clay Czechoslovakia Tomáš Šmíd Switzerland Heinz Günthardt
Hungary Balázs Taróczy
6–3, 2–6, 3–6

At results above are not shown wins and runner-ups from 1965 to 1969, such as tournaments in Santiago, Viňa del Mar, São Paulo, Lyon, Cannes, Luxemburg, Split, Varna, Plovdiv, Paris (Racing Club) or International championships of Czechoslovakia in Bratislava. The draws of players were always minimum 32 players, same as at contemporary ATP Tour events, but they are not listed in ATP Annuals, since ATP was founded at 1972. More you can find at Jan Kodes biography from Peter Kolar: A Journey to Glory from behind the Iron Curtain.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wimbledon: The Official History of the Championships. Barrett, John. Collins Willow 2011 ISBN 0-00-711707-8

External links[edit]