Nanker

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Nanker (also known as Nankier) (ca. 1270–1341), born Jan Kołda, was a Polish noble of Oksza coat of arms, bishop of Kraków (1320–1326) and bishop of Wrocław (1326–1341).

Supporter of King Władysław I and archbishop and primate of Poland Jakub Świnka, he initiated the construction of the Wawel Cathedral. In 1337 he excommunicated John of Bohemia.

Biography[edit]

Coat of Arms

He was born about 1270AD in Kamień (Piekary Śląskie).

In 1304 he was Archdeacon of Sandomierz From 1305-1307 studied, Canon law at the University in Bologna, Italy which was a centre of legal scholarship. In 1318 he returned to Poland and was appointed by the Chancellor of St. Mary's Church, and Dean of the chapter of Kraków. As Bishop of Krakow he set out the diocesan statutes, and initiated the construction of the Gothic Cathedral on the Wawel Hill. In 1337 he excommunicated King John of Luxembourg and became an ardent supporter of Papal policy.

He died April 8, 1341 in Nysa and was buried in the Cathedral Church of John the Baptist in Wrocław

In 1952, the beatification process for Nankier was resumed and he is well known in Polish popular culture thanks to the film “fabularnemu Casimir the great” in which he was played by Tadeusz Fijewski.

Preceded by
Jan Muskata
Bishop of Kraków
1320–1326
Succeeded by
Jan Grot
Preceded by
Nikolaus of Banz (administrator)
Bishop of Wrocław
1326–1341
Succeeded by
Preczlaw of Pogarell