Jan Sanders van Hemessen
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009)|
Jan Sanders van Hemessen (c. 1500 – c. 1566) was a Flemish Northern Renaissance painter. He was born in Hemiksem, then called Hemessen or Heymissen. Following studies in Italy, in 1524 he settled in Antwerp. He was important in the development of genre painting, with large scenes with religious or moral subjects, but a crowded group of strongly characterized figures, focusing on human failings such as greed and vanity. Like his daughter, Caterina van Hemessen, he also painted portraits.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jan van Hemessen.|
Jan Sanders van Hemessen was a Flemish Northern Renaissance painter who was part of the mannerist movement. He was born in Hemiksen, then called Heymissen or Hemessen, in the Netherlands but settled in Antwerp in 1524 after studying in Italy. Hemessen specialized in scenes of human character flaws such as vanity and greed.
His pictures are often religious, while his style helped found the Flemish traditions of genre painting. Hemessen was also a portrait painter, which influenced his daughter to become a Flemish Northern Renaissance painter as well. The Surgeon of 1555 is an oil painting by Jan Sanders Van Hemessen in the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain. The scene represents a cutter of kidney stones and tumours at a fair. The surgeon, who is clearly happy that his operations have been successful, painstakingly moves his knife towards the stone, which is already visible. Behind him hang stones which have been successfully cut out of the head of other patients as a sign of his skill. Next to the quack stands a man who is wringing his hands in desperation, clearly going to be the next patient under the scalpel. However, the stone which caused the disease was believed to be in the brain and had to be surgically removed.
- Kemperdick, 98
- Kemperdick, Stephan. The Early Portrait, from the Collection of the Prince of Liechtenstein and the Kunstmuseum Basel. Munich: Prestel, 2006. ISBN 3-7913-3598-7