Jan of Jenštejn

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Bust of Jan of Jenštejn in the St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague

Jan z Jenštejna (1348 – 17 June 1400) was the Archbishop of Prague 1379–1396. He studied in Bologna, Padova, Montpellier and Paris. He was also poet, writer and composer.

Life[edit]

In 1379 he became the owner of the castle Hrádek. In 1379 his uncle Jan Očko z Vlašimi stepped down, whereupon he was chosen archbishop in his place. Soon he became Chancellor to Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia. Next year the capital was struck by a Plaque epidemic, which struck him as well. He recovered, but this episode left deep scars on his character and he began to examine theological and philosophical problems at his castle Helfenburk u Úštěka. He had abandoned public life because of a quarrel with Wenceslav IV: the latter was also with him over the matter of the Popes of Avignon. Jan was still loyal to Pope Urban VI, which the king was not. In 1384 he left his chancellor post. The quarrel with the king removed him completely him from political life, and he retired to his castle and abandoned the post of archbishop on 2 July 1396. He was succeeded as archbishop by Olbram ze Škvorce.

While on his castle, he fell from a newly built tower and miracurously managed to grab hold of the something before falling to the ground. He died in Rome in 1400, and all his possessions, including his castle, passed to the Archbishops of Prague.

Artistic works[edit]

His musical works were compiled in the book "Die Hymnen Johanns von Jenstein, Erzbischofs von PragP of Q. M. Dreves. The book was published in German in 1886. His literary activity was very rich and includes not only religious and philosophical works, but also poems.

References[edit]

  • Weltsch, Ruben Ernest (1968) Archbishop John of Jenstein (1348-1400): papalism, humanism and reform in pre-Hussite Prague Mouton, The Hague, OCLC 963607
  • Wratislaw, Albert Henry (1878) "John of Jenstein, archbishop of Prague, 1378-1397" Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 7: pp. 30–57
  • Kopecký, Milan (1999) Jan Milíč z Kroměříže a Jan z Jenštejna Cisterciana Sarensis, Žďár nad Sázavou, OCLC 44149277, in Czech
  • Bitnar, Vilém (1938) Jan z Jenštejna: Mariánský a eucharistický horlitel české gotiky Vítězové, profesoři bohosloveckého učiliště řádu dominikánského, Olomouc, OCLC 85601162 in Czech
  • Holinka, Rudolf (1933) Církevní politika arcibiskupa Jana z Jenštejna za pontifikátu Urbana VI: Studie z dĕjin velikého schismatu zapadního University Komenskeho, Bratislava, OCLC 19047598 in Czech
This article is based in part on material from the Czech Wikipedia.