Jana Novotná in 2003.
|Country|| Czechoslovakia (1987–1992)
Czech Republic (1993–present)
|Residence||Brno, Czech Republic|
2 October 1968 |
(now Czech Republic)
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Plays||Right-handed (one-handed backhand)|
|Int. Tennis HOF||2005 (member page)|
|Career record||571–225 (72.11%)|
|Career titles||24 WTA, 2 ITF|
|Highest ranking||No. 2 (7 July 1997)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||F (1991)|
|French Open||SF (1990, 1996)|
|US Open||SF (1994, 1998)|
|Tour Finals||W (1997)|
|Olympic Games||Bronze medal (1996)|
|Career titles||76 WTA, 6 ITF|
|Highest ranking||No. 1 (27 August 1990)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|Australian Open||W (1990, 1995)|
|French Open||W (1990, 1991, 1998)|
|Wimbledon||W (1989, 1990, 1995, 1998)|
|US Open||W (1994, 1997, 1998)|
|Other Doubles tournaments|
|Tour Finals||W (1995, 1997)|
|Olympic Games||Silver medal (1988, 1996)|
|Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results|
|Australian Open||W (1988, 1989)|
|French Open||2R (1992)|
|US Open||W (1988)|
|Fed Cup||W (1988)|
|Hopman Cup||W (1994)|
|Olympic medal record|
|Competitor for Czechoslovakia|
|Competitor for Czech Republic|
Jana Novotná (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjana ˈnovotnaː]; born 2 October 1968 in Brno, Czechoslovakia) is a former professional tennis player from the Czech Republic. She played a serve and volley game, an increasingly rare style of play among women during her career. She won the women's singles title at Wimbledon in 1998 and was runner-up in three previous Grand Slam tournaments. Novotná also won 12 Grand Slam women's doubles titles and four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. Novotná had a highest singles ranking of No.2 in 1997 and achieved a No. 1 ranking in doubles.
- 1 Career
- 2 Major finals
- 2.1 Grand Slam finals
- 2.2 Olympics
- 2.3 Year-End Championships finals
- 3 WTA Tour Finals
- 4 Performance timelines
- 5 Awards and recognitions
- 6 WTA Tour career earnings
- 7 Record against other top players
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Jana Novotná turned professional in February 1987. In the early years of her career, she was known primarily for her success as a doubles player. In the early 1990s, Novotná began to have success in singles once four-time Grand Slam singles champion Hana Mandlíková became her coach. Previously Mike Estep had been her coach.
At the 1990 French Open, Jana Novotná, seeded 11th, achieved her best results in Grand Slam singles play up until that point. Having reached the round of 16, she faced Argentinian Gabriela Sabatini (seeded 4th). In their four previous meetings, Sabatini got the best of Jana in three of those matches, including two straight set wins. This time proved to be different, as Jana turned the tables against Sabatini 6–4, 7–5. Although Jana had disposed of Sabatini, she would have to face yet another difficult opponent in the quarterfinals, Katerina Maleeva (seeded 8th) from Bulgaria. In their two previous meetings Novotná had lost both times, and after Katerina won the opening set, it appeared Jana was about to lose a third consecutive time to Katerina. However, Novotná came back to defeat Katerina Maleeva 4–6, 6–2, 6–4. Despite her success, Novotná's toughest test by far would be against top seeded Steffi Graf of Germany in the semifinals. When Jana faced Steffi three years before at the 1987 French Open, Graf won handily in straight sets. And this time proved no different, as Steffi defeated Jana 6–1, 6–2. She qualified for the first time for the season-ending Virginia Slims Championships in which she was beaten in the first round by Sabatini. She finished the year ranked No. 13.
Novotná enjoyed an excellent start to the 1991 season at the Australian Open, where she was seeded tenth and beat Zina Garrison-Jackson 7–6, 6–4 in the round of 16 to advance to the quarterfinal. The path to the final became considerably more difficult, as Novotná had to contend with top seeded Steffi Graf in the quarterfinal encounter. In their ten previous meetings, Jana had lost each time against Steffi. But this time Novotná pulled the upset of her life by defeating Graf, the reigning champion of the last three years, 5–7, 6–4, 8–6. Now just one win away from her first ever Grand Slam final, Novotná would have to stop Arantxa Sanchez Vicario in the semifinals to get there. Jana easily defeated Arantxa 6–2, 6–4, setting up a showdown against Monica Seles in the final. Though Jana took the opening set 7–5, Monica eventually won by a score of 5–7, 6–3, 6–1. At the end of the year she was ranked No. 7.
Two years later, at the 1993 Wimbledon Championships, Novotná's game hit full stride, as she produced some of her finest tennis ever. But for Jana Novotná (seeded 8th) to capture the title, her path would have to go thru Sabatini (seeded 4th), Martina Navratilova (seeded 2nd) and top-seeded Steffi Graf. Jana beat Sabatini in the quarterfinals, Martina in the semis, before facing Steffi in the final. Going into her quarterfinal against Sabatini, Novotná had lost six consecutive matches against the Argentine. This time, Jana took Sabatini apart in straight sets, prevailing 6–4, 6–3. After Jana got rid of Sabatini, she then set her sights on a semifinal clash against Martina Navartilova, who had won each of their previous five matches. However, Jana defeated Martina 6–4, 6–4, setting up the Championship match against Steffi. After losing a tight first set, Novotná took a 6–7, 6–1, 4–1 lead and had a game-point serving at 40-30 . With victory seemingly in her grasp, she lost her nerve, double-faulted, and allowed Graf to climb back into the match. Steffi took the next five games and the title. During the prize presentation ceremony, a distraught Jana burst into tears and cried on Katharine, Duchess of Kent's shoulder. The Duchess comforted her. Novotná achieved a year-end ranking of No. 6.
It took four years for Novotná to reach another Wimbledon final. In 1997, she faced top seeded Martina Hingis, and lost in three sets. But to get back to the final, Jana had to get past Mary Joe Fernandez in the round of 16. After Mary Joe won a tight opening set 7–5, Jana secured the second set 6–4. In a tense third set Jana outlasted Mary Joe 7–5, then defeated Yayuk Basuki of Indonesia in the quarterfinals in straight sets. Now back in the semifinals of Wimbledon again, Novotná's next opponent would be the Spaniard Arantxa Sanchez Vicario. Arantxa had prevailed against Jana in seven of their nine previous contests, but the majority of those matches were played on clay and hard-courts, Sanchez Vicario's best surfaces. On grass, Jana had a decided advantage, as she defeated Arantxa 6–4, 6–2. In the final against Hingis, Novotná started out fast, taking the opening set 6–2. But Hingis found her stroke and won the second set 6–3 to even the match at one set apiece. The final set proved to be a mirror image of the second set, as Martina prevailed 6–3, handing Jana her second loss in a Wimbledon Championship match. However, Novotná won the WTA Tour Championships after a victory in the final over Mary Pierce and finished the year ranked a career-high World No. 2 in singles. In addition to winning the year end WTA Championship, Novotná captured three more WTA singles titles for the year.
1998: Wimbledon glory
Novotná's moment of Wimbledon success finally arrived in 1998. After defeating Venus Williams in a close quarterfinal, Novotná avenged the previous year's loss by ousting Martina Hingis in the semifinal in straight sets. She won the singles title after defeating veteran Nathalie Tauziat In the final in two sets. She became the oldest first-time Grand Slam singles winner in the Open Era at age 29 years and nine months. This record would be eclipsed by Francesca Schiavone in 2010 when she won the French Open at 29 years and eleven months.
Novotná won 12 Grand Slam women's doubles titles (four at Wimbledon, three at the French Open, three at the US Open, and two at the Australian Open) and four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles (two at the Australian Open, one at Wimbledon, and one at the US Open). She was 11 times the year end top-ranked doubles player.
Novotná was a member of the Czechoslovakian team that won the Fed Cup in 1988. At the Olympic Games, Novotná was a women's doubles silver medalist in 1988 and 1996 and a singles bronze medalist in 1996.
She won titles on all four surfaces and crossed the $10 million mark in career prize money in 1998, the fifth player to reach the milestone. She won more than 500 career singles matches, the 15th woman in the Open Era to accomplish the feat.
Novotná was named the 1998 WTA Tour Doubles Team of the Year with Martina Hingis, the 1997 International Tennis Federation Doubles Team of the Year with Lindsay Davenport, the 1996 WTA Tour Doubles Team of the Year with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, with Gigi Fernández in 1991 and in 1989 and 1990 with Helena Suková.
Novotná retired from the professional tour in 1999. During her 14-year career, she won 100 titles (24 in singles and 76 in doubles). She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2005.
From 2000-2002, Jana was a commentator for Wimbledon for the BBC. From 2009 onwards, Jana has played doubles at Wimbledon at the invitational draw. In 2010 her partner was Martina Navratilova. She has also played invitational doubles in the other grand slams.
Grand Slam finals
Singles: 4 (1 title, 3 runner-ups)
|Runner-up||1991||Australian Open||Hard||Monica Seles||7–5, 3–6, 1–6|
|Runner-up||1993||Wimbledon||Grass||Steffi Graf||6–7(6–8), 6–1, 4–6|
|Runner-up||1997||Wimbledon||Grass||Martina Hingis||6–2, 3–6, 3–6|
|Winner||1998||Wimbledon||Grass||Nathalie Tauziat||6–4, 7–6(7–2)|
Women's doubles: 23 (12 titles, 11 runner-ups)
|Winner||1989||Wimbledon||Grass||Helena Suková|| Larisa Neiland
|Winner||1990||Australian Open||Hard||Helena Suková|| Patty Fendick
Mary Joe Fernandez
|Winner||1990||French Open||Clay||Helena Suková|| Larisa Neiland
|Winner||1990||Wimbledon||Grass||Helena Suková|| Kathy Jordan
|Runner-up||1990||US Open||Hard||Helena Suková|| Gigi Fernández
|Runner-up||1991||Australian Open||Hard||Gigi Fernández|| Patty Fendick
Mary Joe Fernandez
|Winner||1991||French Open||Clay||Gigi Fernández|| Larisa Neiland
|Runner-up||1991||Wimbledon||Grass||Gigi Fernández|| Larisa Neiland
|4–6, 6–3, 4–6|
|Runner-up||1991||US Open||Hard||Larisa Neiland|| Pam Shriver
|4–6, 6–4, 6–7(5–7)|
|Runner-up||1992||Wimbledon||Grass||Larisa Neiland|| Gigi Fernández
|Runner-up||1992||US Open||Hard||Larisa Neiland|| Gigi Fernández
|Runner-up||1993||French Open||Clay||Larisa Neiland|| Gigi Fernández
|Runner-up||1993||Wimbledon||Grass||Larisa Neiland|| Gigi Fernández
|4–6, 7–6(9–7), 4–6|
|Runner-up||1994||Wimbledon||Grass||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Gigi Fernández
|Winner||1994||US Open||Hard||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Katerina Maleeva
|Winner||1995||Australian Open||Hard||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Gigi Fernández
|6–3, 6–7(3–7), 6–4|
|Runner-up||1995||French Open||Clay||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Gigi Fernández
|6–7(6–8), 6–4, 7–5|
|Winner||1995||Wimbledon||Grass||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Gigi Fernández
|7–5, 5–7, 4–6|
|Runner-up||1996||US Open||Hard||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Gigi Fernández
|6–1, 1–6, 4–6|
|Winner||1997||US Open||Hard||Lindsay Davenport|| Gigi Fernández
|Winner||1998||French Open||Clay||Martina Hingis|| Lindsay Davenport
|Winner||1998||Wimbledon||Grass||Martina Hingis|| Lindsay Davenport
|6–3, 3–6, 8–6|
|Winner||1998||US Open||Hard||Martina Hingis|| Lindsay Davenport
Mixed doubles: 5 (4 titles, 1 runner-up)
|Winner||1988||Australian Open||Hard||Jim Pugh|| Martina Navratilova
|5–7, 6–2, 6–4|
|Winner||1988||US Open||Hard||Jim Pugh|| Elizabeth Smylie
|Winner||1989||Australian Open||Hard||Jim Pugh|| Zina Garrison
|Winner||1989||Wimbledon||Grass||Jim Pugh|| Jenny Byrne
|4–6, 7–5, 6–4|
|Runner-up||1994||US Open||Hard||Todd Woodbridge|| Elna Reinach
Singles: 1 (1 bronze medal)
|Bronze||1996||Atlanta||Hard||Mary Joe Fernandez||7–6(8–6), 6–4|
Women's doubles: 2 (2 silver medals)
|Silver||1988||Seoul||Hard||Helena Suková|| Zina Garrison
|4–6, 6–2, 10–8|
|Silver||1996||Atlanta||Hard||Helena Suková|| Gigi Fernández
Mary Joe Fernandez
Year-End Championships finals
Singles: 1 (1 title, 0 runner-ups)
|Winner||1997||New York City||Carpet||Mary Pierce||7–6(7–4), 6–2, 6–3|
Doubles: 7 (2 titles, 5 runner-ups)
|Runner-up||1991||New York City||Carpet||Gigi Fernández|| Martina Navratilova
|4–6, 7–5, 6–4|
|Runner-up||1992||New York City||Carpet||Larisa Neiland|| Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
|Runner-up||1993||New York City||Carpet||Larisa Neiland|| Gigi Fernández
|Runner-up||1994||New York City||Carpet||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Gigi Fernández
|6–3, 6–7(4–7), 6–3|
|Winner||1995||New York City||Carpet||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Gigi Fernández
|Runner-up||1996||New York City||Carpet||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario|| Lindsay Davenport
Mary Joe Fernandez
|Winner||1997||New York City||Carpet||Lindsay Davenport|| Alexandra Fusai
|6–7(5–7), 6–3, 6–2|
WTA Tour Finals
Singles 40 (24–16)
|Runner-up||1.||28 December 1987||Brisbane||Grass||Pam Shriver||6–7(6–8), 6–7(7–4)|
|Winner||1.||28 November 1988||Adelaide||Hard||Jana Pospíšilová||7–5, 6–4|
|Runner-up||2.||1 May 1989||Hamburg||Clay||Steffi Graf||w/o|
|Winner||2.||22 May 1989||Strasbourg||Clay||Patricia Tarabini||6–1, 6–2|
|Runner-up||3.||16 October 1989||Zürich||Carpet||Steffi Graf||1–6, 6–7(6–8)|
|Winner||3.||6 August 1990||Albuquerque||Hard||Laura Gildemeister||6–4, 6–4|
|Winner||4.||7 January 1991||Sydney||Hard||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario||6–4, 6–2|
|Runner-up||4.||14 January 1991||Australian Open||Hard||Monica Seles||7–5, 3–6, 1–6|
|Winner||5.||18 February 1991||Oklahoma City||Hard (I)||Anne Smith||3–6, 6–3, 6–2|
|Runner-up||5.||30 September 1991||Leipzig||Carpet||Steffi Graf||3–6, 3–6|
|Runner-up||6.||10 February 1992||Chicago||Carpet||Martina Navratilova||6–7(4–7), 6–4, 5–7|
|Runner-up||7.||28 September 1992||Leipzig||Carpet||Steffi Graf||3–6, 6–1, 4–6|
|Runner-up||8.||19 October 1992||Brighton||Carpet||Steffi Graf||6–4, 4–6, 6–7(3–7)|
|Winner||6.||8 February 1993||Osaka||Carpet||Kimiko Date||6–3, 6–2|
|Runner-up||9.||21 June 1993||Wimbledon||Grass||Steffi Graf||6–7(6–8), 6–1, 4–6|
|Runner-up||10.||27 September 1993||Leipzig||Carpet||Steffi Graf||2–6, 0–6|
|Winner||7.||18 October 1993||Brighton||Carpet||Anke Huber||6–2, 6–4|
|Winner||8.||26 September 1994||Leipzig||Carpet||Mary Pierce||7–5, 6–1|
|Winner||9.||17 October 1994||Brighton||Carpet||Helena Suková||6–7(4–7), 6–3, 6–4|
|Winner||10.||24 October 1994||Essen||Carpet||Iva Majoli||6–2, 6–4|
|Winner||11.||20 February 1995||Linz||Carpet||Barbara Rittner||6–7(6–8), 6–3, 6–4|
|Runner-up||11.||19 February 1996||Essen||Carpet||Iva Majoli||5–7, 6–1, 6–7(6–8)|
|Winner||12.||20 May 1996||Madrid||Clay||Magdalena Maleeva||4–6, 6–4, 6–3|
|Winner||13.||14 October 1996||Zürich||Carpet||Martina Hingis||6–2, 6–2|
|Winner||14.||28 October 1996||Chicago||Carpet||Jennifer Capriati||6–4, 3–6, 6–1|
|Winner||15.||11 November 1996||Philadelphia||Carpet||Steffi Graf||6–4 ret.|
|Runner-up||12.||17 February 1997||Hanover||Carpet||Iva Majoli||6–4, 6–7(2–7), 4–6|
|Winner||16.||19 May 1997||Madrid||Clay||Monica Seles||7–5, 6–1|
|Runner-up||13.||23 June 1997||Wimbledon||Grass||Martina Hingis||6–2, 3–6, 3–6|
|Winner||17.||22 September 1997||Leipzig||Carpet||Amanda Coetzer||6–2, 4–6, 6–3|
|Winner||18.||27 October 1997||Moscow||Carpet||Ai Sugiyama||6–3, 6–4|
|Winner||19.||17 November 1997||WTA Tour Championships||Carpet||Mary Pierce||7–6(4–7), 6–2, 6–3|
|Runner-up||14.||16 February 1998||Hanover||Carpet||Patty Schnyder||0–6, 6–3, 5–7|
|Winner||20.||23 February 1998||Linz||Hard (I)||Dominique Van Roost||6–1, 7–6(7–2)|
|Runner-up||15.||27 April 1998||Hamburg||Clay||Martina Hingis||3–6, 5–7|
|Winner||21.||15 June 1998||Eastbourne||Grass||Arantxa Sánchez Vicario||6–1, 7–5|
|Winner||22.||22 June 1998||Wimbledon||Grass||Nathalie Tauziat||6–4, 7–6(7–2)|
|Winner||23.||6 July 1998||Prague||Clay||Sandrine Testud||6–3, 6–0|
|Runner-up||16.||24 August 1998||New Haven||Hard||Steffi Graf||4–6, 1–6|
|Winner||24.||15 February 1999||Hanover||Carpet||Venus Williams||6–4, 6–4|
Doubles 128 (76–52)
|Grand Slam tournaments (12/11)|
|Olympic Gold (0/2)|
|WTA Championships (2/5)|
|Virginia Slims (5/1)|
|Tier I (15/8)|
|Tier II (28/18)|
|Tier III (5/4)|
|Tier IV & V (9/3)|
|Grand Slam Tournaments|
|Year End Ranking||306||171||47||35||11||13||7||10||6||4||11||5||2||3||NR|
|Grand Slam Tournaments|
|Year End Ranking||137||24||13||5||2||1||4||4||4||2||3||6||3||NR|
|Grand Slam Tournaments|
Awards and recognitions
- 1989: WTA Doubles Team of the Year with Helena Suková
- 1990: WTA Doubles Team of the Year with Helena Suková
- 1991: WTA Doubles Team of the Year with Gigi Fernández
- 1996: WTA Doubles Team of the Year with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
- 1997: ITF World Champions (Women's Doubles) with Lindsay Davenport
- 1998: WTA Doubles Team of the Year with Martina Hingis
- 2005: International Tennis Hall of Fame
WTA Tour career earnings
|Earnings ($)||Money list rank|
Record against other top players
Jana Novotná's win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked World No. 10 or higher is as follows:
Players who have been ranked World No. 1 are in boldface.
- Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 11–10
- Iva Majoli 8–3
- Anke Huber 8–4
- / Natasha Zvereva 8–4
- Dominique Monami 7–0
- Sandrine Testud 7–0
- Mary Joe Fernández 7–4
- Julie Halard-Decugis 6–0
- Irina Spîrlea 6–0
- Patty Schnyder 6–2
- Jo Durie 5–0
- Magdalena Maleeva 5–1
- Mary Pierce 5–1
- Ai Sugiyama 5–2
- Nathalie Tauziat 5–4
- Jennifer Capriati 4–0
- / Karina Habšudová 4–0
- Anna Kournikova 4–0
- Catarina Lindqvist 4–1
- Conchita Martínez 4–1
- Barbara Schett 4–1
- Brenda Schultz-McCarthy 4–3
- // Monica Seles 4–4
- / Helena Suková 4–4
- Steffi Graf 4–29
- Lisa Bonder 3–0
- Lori McNeil 3–0
- Zina Garrison 3–1
- Venus Williams 3–1
- Claudia Kohde-Kilsch 3–2
- Amanda Coetzer 3–3
- Katerina Maleeva 3–3
- Martina Hingis 3–9
- Gabriela Sabatini 3–10
- Sylvia Hanika 2–0
- Wendy Turnbull 2–0
- / Manuela Maleeva 2–1
- Amélie Mauresmo 2–1
- Andrea Temesvári 2–1
- Kimiko Date-Krumm 2–2
- Barbara Paulus 2–2
- Kathy Rinaldi 2–2
- Pam Shriver 2–3
- Chanda Rubin 1–2
- / Martina Navratilova 1–6
- Bettina Bunge 0–1
- Barbara Potter 0–1
- Serena Williams 0–1
- Chris Evert 0–3
- Lindsay Davenport 0–6
- Joel Drucker. "1997 US Open Preview and Predictions". The Tennis Server.
- "On clay, serve and volley is no folly". Reddif. 26 May 2008.
- "WTA player profile – Jana Novotna". www.wtatennis.com. WTA.
- John Barrett, ed. (1999). ITF World of Tennis 1999. London: CollinsWillow. pp. 339–342. ISBN 9780002188623.
- John Barrett, ed. (1990). The International Tennis Federation : World of Tennis 1990. London: Willow Books. pp. 173–174. ISBN 9780002183550.
- "Novotna Ends Graf's Reign at Australian Open". The New York Times. AP. 22 January 1991.
- Sandra Harwitt (27 January 1991). "Tennis; Seles Rallies Past Novotna To Win Australian Open". The New York Times.
- Richard Finn (26 January 1991). "Seles Rallies, Tops Novotna For Australian Title". Chicago Tribune.
- Simon O'Hagan (17 October 1993). "Profile: Serious intent of a 'choker' - Jana Novotna". The Independent.
- Bill Glauber (6 July 1997). "For Hingis, 16 so sweet at Wimbledon". The Baltimore Sun.
- Robin Finn (6 July 1997). "Wimbledon Is Latest Landmark in the Hingis Era". The New York Times.
- Bill Berkrot (25 November 1997). "Novotna Takes Chase Over Pierce". The Moscow Times.
- Mark Shapiro (24 November 1997). "Novotna Uses Powerful Serve To Defeat Pierce For Chase Title". Chicago Tribune.
- Robin Finn (3 July 1988). "Tennis; Novotna Ousts Hingis to Meet a Finalist Her Own Age". The New York Times.
- Jennifer Frey (5 July 1998). "It's Final: Novotna Wins Wimbledon". The Washington Post.
- Lisa Dillman (5 July 1998). "Novotna Wipes Away Wimbledon Sorrows". Los Angeles Times.
- Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 620–621. ISBN 978-0942257700.
- Sarah Edworthy (5 Jul 2000). "Wimbledon Diary: Novotna completes set with a pet". The Telepgraph.
- Jana Novotná at the Women's Tennis Association
- Jana Novotná at the International Tennis Hall of Fame
- Jana Novotná at the Fed Cup