Jana Novotná

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Jana Novotná
Jana Novotna.JPG
Jana Novotná in 2003.
Country  Czechoslovakia (1987–1992)
 Czech Republic (1993–present)
Residence Brno, Czech Republic
Born (1968-10-02) 2 October 1968 (age 46)
Brno, Czechoslovakia
(now Czech Republic)
Height 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Turned pro 1987
Retired 1999
Plays Right-handed (one-handed backhand)
Prize money $11,230,762
Int. Tennis HOF 2005 (member page)
Singles
Career record 571–225 (72.11%)
Career titles 24 WTA, 2 ITF
Highest ranking No. 2 (7 July 1997)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open F (1991)
French Open SF (1990, 1996)
Wimbledon W (1998)
US Open SF (1994, 1998)
Other tournaments
Tour Finals W (1997)
Olympic Games Bronze medal.svg Bronze medal (1996)
Doubles
Career record 697–153
Career titles 76 WTA, 6 ITF
Highest ranking No. 1 (27 August 1990)
Grand Slam Doubles results
Australian Open W (1990, 1995)
French Open W (1990, 1991, 1998)
Wimbledon W (1989, 1990, 1995, 1998)
US Open W (1994, 1997, 1998)
Other Doubles tournaments
Tour Finals W (1995, 1997)
Olympic Games Silver medal.svg Silver medal (1988, 1996)
Mixed Doubles
Career titles 4
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
Australian Open W (1988, 1989)
French Open 2R (1992)
Wimbledon W (1989)
US Open W (1988)
Team competitions
Fed Cup W (1988)
Hopman Cup W (1994)
Olympic medal record
Competitor for  Czechoslovakia
Women's Tennis
Silver 1988 Seoul Doubles
Competitor for  Czech Republic
Women's Tennis
Silver 1996 Atlanta Doubles
Bronze 1996 Atlanta Singles

Jana Novotná (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjana ˈnovotnaː]; born 2 October 1968 in Brno, Czechoslovakia) is a former professional tennis player from the Czech Republic. She played a serve and volley game, an increasingly rare style of play among women during her career.[1][2] She won the women's singles title at Wimbledon in 1998 and was runner-up in three previous Grand Slam tournaments. Novotná also won 12 Grand Slam women's doubles titles and four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. Novotná had a highest singles ranking of No.2 in 1997 and achieved a No. 1 ranking in doubles.

Career[edit]

Jana Novotná turned professional in February 1987.[3] In the early years of her career, she was known primarily for her success as a doubles player. In the early 1990s, Novotná began to have success in singles once four-time Grand Slam singles champion Hana Mandlíková became her coach. Previously Mike Estep had been her coach.[4]

1990[edit]

At the 1990 French Open, Novotná, seeded 11th, achieved her best results in Grand Slam singles play up until that point. Having reached the round of 16, she faced Argentinian Gabriela Sabatini (seeded 4th). In their four previous meetings, Sabatini got the best of Novotná in three of those matches, including two straight set wins. This time proved to be different, as Novotná turned the tables against Sabatini 6–4, 7–5. Although Novotná had disposed of Sabatini, she would have to face yet another difficult opponent in the quarterfinals, Katerina Maleeva (seeded 8th) from Bulgaria. In their two previous meetings Novotná had lost both times, and after Maleeva won the opening set, it appeared Novotná was about to lose a third consecutive time to Maleeva. However, Novotná came back to defeat Katerina Maleeva 4–6, 6–2, 6–4. Despite her success, Novotná's toughest test by far would be against top seeded Steffi Graf of Germany in the semifinals. When Novotná faced Graf three years before at the 1987 French Open, Graf won handily in straight sets. And this time proved no different, as Graf defeated Novotná 6–1, 6–2.[4] She qualified for the first time for the season-ending Virginia Slims Championships in which she was beaten in the first round by Sabatini.[5] She finished the year ranked No. 13.[4]

1991[edit]

Novotná enjoyed an excellent start to the 1991 season at the Australian Open, where she was seeded tenth and beat Zina Garrison-Jackson 7–6, 6–4 in the round of 16 to advance to the quarterfinal. The path to the final became considerably more difficult, as Novotná had to contend with top seeded Steffi Graf in the quarterfinal encounter. In their ten previous meetings, Novotná had lost each time against Graf. But this time Novotná pulled the upset of her life by defeating Graf, the reigning champion of the last three years, 5–7, 6–4, 8–6.[6] Now just one win away from her first ever Grand Slam final, Novotná would have to stop Arantxa Sanchez Vicario in the semifinals to get there. Novotná easily defeated Sanchez Vicario 6–2, 6–4, setting up a showdown against Monica Seles in the final. Though Novotná took the opening set 7–5, Monica eventually won by a score of 5–7, 6–3, 6–1.[7][8] At the end of the year she was ranked No. 7.[4]

1993[edit]

Two years later, at the 1993 Wimbledon Championships, Novotná's game hit full stride, as she produced some of her finest tennis ever. But for Novotná (seeded 8th) to capture the title, her path would have to go through Sabatini (seeded 4th), Martina Navratilova (seeded 2nd) and top-seeded Steffi Graf. Novotná beat Sabatini in the quarterfinals, Navratilova in the semis, before facing Graf in the final. Going into her quarterfinal against Sabatini, Novotná had lost six consecutive matches against the Argentine. This time, Novotná took Sabatini apart in straight sets, prevailing 6–4, 6–3. After Novotná got rid of Sabatini, she then set her sights on a semifinal clash against Martina Navartilova, who had won each of their previous five matches. However, Novotná defeated Navratilova 6–4, 6–4, setting up the Championship match against Graf. After losing a tight first set, Novotná took a 6–7, 6–1, 4–1 lead and had a game-point serving at 40-30 . With victory seemingly in her grasp, she lost her nerve, double-faulted, and allowed Graf to climb back into the match. Graf took the next five games and the title. During the prize presentation ceremony, a distraught Novotná burst into tears and cried on Katharine, Duchess of Kent's shoulder. The Duchess comforted her.[9] Novotná achieved a year-end ranking of No. 6.[4]

1994[edit]

Novotná began the 1994 season by reaching the quarterfinals of the Australian Open. In her quarterfinal match, she played Gabriela Sabatini, in what turned out to be their last head-to-head encounter. In their previous meeting, on the grasscourts at the 1993 Wimbledon Championships, Novotná beat Sabatini in a straight set quarterfinal victory. This time, on the Australian hardcourts, Sabatini defeated Novotná in straight sets, 6-3, 6-4. At the French Open, Novotná was beaten in the first round by Anna Smashnova in straight sets. At Wimbledon, Novotná reached the quarterfinals where she again faced Martina Navratilova in a rematch from the previous year. Novotná lost in three set, 5-7, 6-0, 6-1. At the season's final Grand Slam, the US Open, the 7th seeded Novotná worked her way to the semifinals where she played top-seeded Steffi Graf. Dating back to the 1992 French Open, Novotná had lost 9 consecutive matches against Graf. This trend would continue as Graf defeated Novotná in straight sets, 6-3, 7-5.

1997[edit]

It took four years for Novotná to reach another Wimbledon final. In 1997, she faced top seeded Martina Hingis, and lost in three sets. But to get back to the final, Novotná had to get past Mary Joe Fernandez in the round of 16. After Fernandez won a tight opening set 7–5, Novotná secured the second set 6–4. In a tense third set Novotná outlasted Fernandez 7–5, then defeated Yayuk Basuki of Indonesia in the quarterfinals in straight sets. Now back in the semifinals of Wimbledon again, Novotná's next opponent would be the Spaniard Arantxa Sanchez Vicario. Sanchez Vicario had prevailed against Novotná in seven of their nine previous contests, but the majority of those matches were played on clay and hard-courts, Sanchez Vicario's best surfaces. On grass, Novotná had a decided advantage, as she defeated Sanchez Vicario 6–4, 6–2. In the final against Hingis, Novotná started out fast, taking the opening set 6–2. But Hingis found her stroke and won the second set 6–3 to even the match at one set apiece. The final set proved to be a mirror image of the second set, as Hingis prevailed 6–3, handing Novotná her second loss in a Wimbledon Championship match.[10][11] However, Novotná won the WTA Tour Championships after a victory in the final over Mary Pierce and finished the year ranked a career-high World No. 2 in singles.[12][13] In addition to winning the year end WTA Championship, Novotná captured three more WTA singles titles for the year.

1998: Wimbledon glory[edit]

Novotná's moment of Wimbledon success finally arrived in 1998. After defeating Venus Williams in a close quarterfinal, Novotná avenged the previous year's loss by ousting Martina Hingis in the semifinal in straight sets.[14] She won the singles title after defeating veteran Nathalie Tauziat In the final in two sets.[15][16] She became the oldest first-time Grand Slam singles winner in the Open Era at age 29 years and nine months.[17] This record would be eclipsed by Francesca Schiavone in 2010 when she won the French Open at 29 years and eleven months.

Novotná won 12 Grand Slam women's doubles titles (four at Wimbledon, three at the French Open, three at the US Open, and two at the Australian Open) and four Grand Slam mixed doubles titles (two at the Australian Open, one at Wimbledon, and one at the US Open). She was 11 times the year end top-ranked doubles player.

Novotná was a member of the Czechoslovakian team that won the Fed Cup in 1988. At the Olympic Games, Novotná was a women's doubles silver medalist in 1988 and 1996 and a singles bronze medalist in 1996.

She won titles on all four surfaces and crossed the $10 million mark in career prize money in 1998, the fifth player to reach the milestone. She won more than 500 career singles matches, the 15th woman in the Open Era to accomplish the feat.

Novotná was named the 1998 WTA Tour Doubles Team of the Year with Martina Hingis, the 1997 International Tennis Federation Doubles Team of the Year with Lindsay Davenport, the 1996 WTA Tour Doubles Team of the Year with Arantxa Sánchez Vicario, with Gigi Fernández in 1991 and in 1989 and 1990 with Helena Suková.

Novotná retired from the professional tour in 1999. During her 14-year career, she won 100 titles (24 in singles and 76 in doubles).[17] She was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2005.

From 2000-2002, Novotná was a commentator for Wimbledon for the BBC.[18] From 2009 onwards, Novotná has played doubles at Wimbledon at the invitational draw. In 2010 her partner was Martina Navratilova. She has also played invitational doubles in the other grand slams.

Major finals[edit]

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles: 4 (1 title, 3 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1991 Australian Open Hard Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles 7–5, 3–6, 1–6
Runner-up 1993 Wimbledon Grass Germany Steffi Graf 6–7(6–8), 6–1, 4–6
Runner-up 1997 Wimbledon Grass Switzerland Martina Hingis 6–2, 3–6, 3–6
Winner 1998 Wimbledon Grass France Nathalie Tauziat 6–4, 7–6(7–2)

Women's doubles: 23 (12 titles, 11 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1989 Wimbledon Grass Czechoslovakia Helena Suková Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 6–2
Winner 1990 Australian Open Hard Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Patty Fendick
United States Mary Joe Fernandez
7–6(7–5), 7–6(8–6)
Winner 1990 French Open Clay Czechoslovakia Helena Suková Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 7–5
Winner 1990 Wimbledon Grass Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Kathy Jordan
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 1990 US Open Hard Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Gigi Fernández
United States Martina Navratilova
2–6, 4–6
Runner-up 1991 Australian Open Hard United States Gigi Fernández United States Patty Fendick
United States Mary Joe Fernandez
6–7(4–7), 1–6
Winner 1991 French Open Clay United States Gigi Fernández Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–0
Runner-up 1991 Wimbledon Grass United States Gigi Fernández Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
4–6, 6–3, 4–6
Runner-up 1991 US Open Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Pam Shriver
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
4–6, 6–4, 6–7(5–7)
Runner-up 1992 Wimbledon Grass Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
4–6, 1–6
Runner-up 1992 US Open Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–7(4–7), 1–6
Runner-up 1993 French Open Clay Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
3–6, 5–7
Runner-up 1993 Wimbledon Grass Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
4–6, 7–6(9–7), 4–6
Runner-up 1994 Wimbledon Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
4–6, 1–6
Winner 1994 US Open Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva
United States Robin White
6–3, 6–3
Winner 1995 Australian Open Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–7(3–7), 6–4
Runner-up 1995 French Open Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–7(6–8), 6–4, 7–5
Winner 1995 Wimbledon Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
7–5, 5–7, 4–6
Runner-up 1996 US Open Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 1–6, 4–6
Winner 1997 US Open Hard United States Lindsay Davenport United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–4
Winner 1998 French Open Clay Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 7–6(7–4)
Winner 1998 Wimbledon Grass Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 3–6, 8–6
Winner 1998 US Open Hard Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–3

Mixed doubles: 5 (4 titles, 1 runner-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1988 Australian Open Hard United States Jim Pugh United States Martina Navratilova
United States Tim Gullikson
5–7, 6–2, 6–4
Winner 1988 US Open Hard United States Jim Pugh Australia Elizabeth Smylie
United States Patrick McEnroe
7–5, 6–3
Winner 1989 Australian Open Hard United States Jim Pugh United States Zina Garrison
United States Sherwood Stewart
6–3, 6–4
Winner 1989 Wimbledon Grass United States Jim Pugh Australia Jenny Byrne
United States Mark Kratzmann
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 1994 US Open Hard Australia Todd Woodbridge South Africa Elna Reinach
United States Patrick Galbraith
6–2, 6–4

Olympics[edit]

Singles: 1 (1 bronze medal)[edit]

Outcome Year Location Surface Opponent Score
Bronze 1996 Atlanta Hard United States Mary Joe Fernandez 7–6(8–6), 6–4

Women's doubles: 2 (2 silver medals)[edit]

Outcome Year Location Surface Partner Opponents Score
Silver 1988 Seoul Hard Czechoslovakia Helena Suková United States Zina Garrison
United States Pam Shriver
4–6, 6–2, 10–8
Silver 1996 Atlanta Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Gigi Fernández
United States Mary Joe Fernandez
7–6(8–6), 6–4

Year-End Championships finals[edit]

Singles: 1 (1 title, 0 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Location Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1997 New York City Carpet France Mary Pierce 7–6(7–4), 6–2, 6–3

Doubles: 7 (2 titles, 5 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Location Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1991 New York City Carpet United States Gigi Fernández United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 1992 New York City Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czech Republic Helena Suková
7–6(7–4), 6–1
Runner-up 1993 New York City Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 7–5
Runner-up 1994 New York City Carpet Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–7(4–7), 6–3
Winner 1995 New York City Carpet Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–1
Runner-up 1996 New York City Carpet Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Mary Joe Fernandez
6–3, 6–2
Winner 1997 New York City Carpet United States Lindsay Davenport France Alexandra Fusai
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–7(5–7), 6–3, 6–2

WTA Tour Finals[edit]

Singles 40 (24–16)[edit]

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (1–3)
WTA Tour Championships (1–0)
Tier I (2–0)
Tier II (11–8)
Tier III (5–3)
Tier IV (2–1)
Tier V (2–1)
Titles by Surface
Hard (5–2)
Grass (2–3)
Clay (4–2)
Carpet (13–9)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent Score
Runner-up 1. 28 December 1987 Brisbane Grass United States Pam Shriver 6–7(6–8), 6–7(7–4)
Winner 1. 28 November 1988 Adelaide Hard Czechoslovakia Jana Pospíšilová 7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 2. 1 May 1989 Hamburg Clay West Germany Steffi Graf w/o
Winner 2. 22 May 1989 Strasbourg Clay Argentina Patricia Tarabini 6–1, 6–2
Runner-up 3. 16 October 1989 Zürich Carpet West Germany Steffi Graf 1–6, 6–7(6–8)
Winner 3. 6 August 1990 Albuquerque Hard Peru Laura Gildemeister 6–4, 6–4
Winner 4. 7 January 1991 Sydney Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 4. 14 January 1991 Australian Open Hard Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles 7–5, 3–6, 1–6
Winner 5. 18 February 1991 Oklahoma City Hard (I) United States Anne Smith 3–6, 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 5. 30 September 1991 Leipzig Carpet Germany Steffi Graf 3–6, 3–6
Runner-up 6. 10 February 1992 Chicago Carpet United States Martina Navratilova 6–7(4–7), 6–4, 5–7
Runner-up 7. 28 September 1992 Leipzig Carpet Germany Steffi Graf 3–6, 6–1, 4–6
Runner-up 8. 19 October 1992 Brighton Carpet Germany Steffi Graf 6–4, 4–6, 6–7(3–7)
Winner 6. 8 February 1993 Osaka Carpet Japan Kimiko Date 6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 9. 21 June 1993 Wimbledon Grass Germany Steffi Graf 6–7(6–8), 6–1, 4–6
Runner-up 10. 27 September 1993 Leipzig Carpet Germany Steffi Graf 2–6, 0–6
Winner 7. 18 October 1993 Brighton Carpet Germany Anke Huber 6–2, 6–4
Winner 8. 26 September 1994 Leipzig Carpet France Mary Pierce 7–5, 6–1
Winner 9. 17 October 1994 Brighton Carpet Czech Republic Helena Suková 6–7(4–7), 6–3, 6–4
Winner 10. 24 October 1994 Essen Carpet Croatia Iva Majoli 6–2, 6–4
Winner 11. 20 February 1995 Linz Carpet Germany Barbara Rittner 6–7(6–8), 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 11. 19 February 1996 Essen Carpet Croatia Iva Majoli 5–7, 6–1, 6–7(6–8)
Winner 12. 20 May 1996 Madrid Clay Bulgaria Magdalena Maleeva 4–6, 6–4, 6–3
Winner 13. 14 October 1996 Zürich Carpet Switzerland Martina Hingis 6–2, 6–2
Winner 14. 28 October 1996 Chicago Carpet United States Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 3–6, 6–1
Winner 15. 11 November 1996 Philadelphia Carpet Germany Steffi Graf 6–4 ret.
Runner-up 12. 17 February 1997 Hanover Carpet Croatia Iva Majoli 6–4, 6–7(2–7), 4–6
Winner 16. 19 May 1997 Madrid Clay United States Monica Seles 7–5, 6–1
Runner-up 13. 23 June 1997 Wimbledon Grass Switzerland Martina Hingis 6–2, 3–6, 3–6
Winner 17. 22 September 1997 Leipzig Carpet South Africa Amanda Coetzer 6–2, 4–6, 6–3
Winner 18. 27 October 1997 Moscow Carpet Japan Ai Sugiyama 6–3, 6–4
Winner 19. 17 November 1997 WTA Tour Championships Carpet France Mary Pierce 7–6(4–7), 6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 14. 16 February 1998 Hanover Carpet Switzerland Patty Schnyder 0–6, 6–3, 5–7
Winner 20. 23 February 1998 Linz Hard (I) Belgium Dominique Van Roost 6–1, 7–6(7–2)
Runner-up 15. 27 April 1998 Hamburg Clay Switzerland Martina Hingis 3–6, 5–7
Winner 21. 15 June 1998 Eastbourne Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 6–1, 7–5
Winner 22. 22 June 1998 Wimbledon Grass France Nathalie Tauziat 6–4, 7–6(7–2)
Winner 23. 6 July 1998 Prague Clay France Sandrine Testud 6–3, 6–0
Runner-up 16. 24 August 1998 New Haven Hard Germany Steffi Graf 4–6, 1–6
Winner 24. 15 February 1999 Hanover Carpet United States Venus Williams 6–4, 6–4

Doubles 128 (76–52)[edit]

Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (12/11)
Olympic Gold (0/2)
WTA Championships (2/5)
Virginia Slims (5/1)
Tier I (15/8)
Tier II (28/18)
Tier III (5/4)
Tier IV & V (9/3)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents Score
Winner 1. 18 May 1987 Strasbourg Clay France Catherine Suire United States Kathleen Horvath
Netherlands Marcella Mesker
6–0, 6–2
Winner 2. 3 August 1987 San Diego Hard France Catherine Suire United States Elise Burgin
United States Sharon Walsh
6–3, 6–4
Winner 3. 21 September 1987 Hamburg Clay Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch Soviet Union Natalia Egorova
Soviet Union Leila Meskhi
7–6(1), 7–6(6)
Runner-up 1. 26 October 1987 Zürich Carpet France Catherine Suire France Nathalie Herreman
France Pascale Paradis
6–3, 2–6, 6–3
Runner-up 2. 15 February 1988 Oakland Carpet Czech Republic Hana Mandlíková United States Rosemary Casals
United States Martina Navratilova
6–4, 6–4
Winner 4. 22 February 1988 Oklahoma City Carpet France Catherine Suire Sweden Catarina Lindqvist
Denmark Tine Scheuer-Larsen
6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 3. 29 February 1988 Wichita Hard (i) France Catherine Suire Soviet Union Natalia Egorova
Soviet Union Svetlana Parkhomenko
6–3, 6–4
Winner 5. 2 May 1988 Rome Clay France Catherine Suire Australia Jenny Byrne
Australia Janine Thompson
6–3, 4–6, 7–5
Winner 6. 25 July 1988 Hamburg Clay Denmark Tine Scheuer-Larsen Germany Andrea Betzner
Austria Judith Wiesner
6–4, 6–2
Winner 7. 15 August 1988 Montreal Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Zina Garrison
United States Pam Shriver
7–6(2), 7–6(6)
Winner 8. 22 August 1988 Mahwah Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Gigi Fernández
United States Robin White
6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 4. 20 September 1988 Olympic Games Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Zina Garrison
United States Pam Shriver
4–6, 6–2, 10–8
Runner-up 5. 28 November 1988 Adelaide Hard United States Lori McNeil Germany Sylvia Hanika
Germany Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
7–5, 6–7(4), 6–4
Winner 9. 2 January 1989 Brisbane Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Patty Fendick
Canada Jill Hetherington
6–7(4), 6–1, 6–2
Winner 10. 13 March 1989 Boca Raton Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United Kingdom Jo Durie
United States Mary Joe Fernández
6–4, 6–2
Winner 11. 20 March 1989 Miami Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Gigi Fernández
United States Lori McNeil
7–6(5), 6–4
Winner 12. 24 April 1989 Barcelona Clay Denmark Tine Scheuer-Larsen Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Austria Judith Wiesner
6–2, 2–6, 7–6(3)
Runner-up 6. 1 May 1989 Hamburg Clay Czech Republic Helena Suková France Isabelle Demongeot
France Nathalie Tauziat
walkover
Runner-up 7. 19 June 1989 Eastbourne Grass Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Katrina Adams
United States Zina Garrison
6–3, ret.
Winner 13. 26 June 1989 Wimbledon Grass Czech Republic Helena Suková Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 6–2
Winner 14. 16 October 1989 Zürich Carpet Czech Republic Helena Suková France Nathalie Tauziat
Austria Judith Wiesner
6–3, 3–6, 6–4
Runner-up 8. 23 October 1989 Brighton Carpet Australia Hana Mandlíková United States Katrina Adams
United States Lori McNeil
4–6, 7–6(7), 6–4
Runner-up 9. 6 November 1989 Chicago Carpet Czech Republic Helena Suková Soviet Union Larisa Savchenko
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 2–6, 6–3
Winner 15. 1 January 1990 Brisbane Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková Australia Hana Mandlíková
United States Pam Shriver
6–3, 6–1
Winner 16. 8 January 1990 Sydney Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 7–5
Winner 17. 15 January 1990 Australian Open Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Patty Fendick
United States Mary Joe Fernández
7–6(5), 7–6(6)
Winner 18. 26 February 1990 Indian Wells Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Gigi Fernández
United States Martina Navratilova
6–2, 7–6(6)
Winner 19. 5 March 1990 Boca Raton Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Elise Burgin
Australia Wendy Turnbull
6–4, 6–2
Winner 20. 16 March 1990 Miami Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Betsy Nagelsen
United States Robin White
6–4, 6–3
Runner-up 10. 14 May 1990 Berlin Clay Australia Hana Mandlíková Australia Nicole Bradtke
South Africa Elna Reinach
6–2, 6–1
Winner 21. 28 May 1990 French Open Clay Czech Republic Helena Suková Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 7–5
Winner 22. 25 June 1990 Wimbledon Grass Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Kathy Jordan
Australia Elizabeth Smylie
6–3, 6–4
Winner 23. 13 August 1990 Manhattan Beach Hard United States Gigi Fernández Argentina Mercedes Paz
Argentina Gabriela Sabatini
6–3, 7–5
Runner-up 11. 27 August 1990 US Open Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Gigi Fernández
United States Martina Navratilova
6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 12. 5 November 1990 Worcester Carpet United States Mary Joe Fernández United States Gigi Fernández
Czech Republic Helena Suková
3–6, 6–3, 6–3
Winner 24. 31 December 1990 Brisbane Hard United States Gigi Fernández United States Patty Fendick
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–3, 6–1
Runner-up 13. 7 January 1991 Sydney Hard United States Gigi Fernández Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–1, 6–4
Runner-up 14. 14 January 1991 Australian Open Hard United States Gigi Fernández United States Patty Fendick
United States Mary Joe Fernández
7–6(4), 6–1
Winner 25. 11 February 1991 Chicago Carpet United States Gigi Fernández United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 15. 15 March 1991 Miami Hard United States Gigi Fernández United States Mary Joe Fernández
United States Zina Garrison
7–5, 6–2
Winner 26. 29 April 1991 Hamburg Clay Soviet Union Larisa Neiland Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czech Republic Helena Suková
7–5, 6–1
Winner 27. 27 May 1991 French Open Clay United States Gigi Fernández Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–0
Runner-up 16. 17 June 1991 Eastbourne Grass United States Gigi Fernández Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
2–6, 6–4, 6–4
Runner-up 17. 24 June 1991 Wimbledon Grass United States Gigi Fernández Soviet Union Larisa Neiland
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 3–6, 6–4
Winner 28. 19 August 1991 Washington, D.C. Hard Soviet Union Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Soviet Union Natasha Zvereva
5–7, 6–1, 7–6(10)
Runner-up 18. 26 August 1991 US Open Hard Soviet Union Larisa Neiland United States Pam Shriver
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 4–6, 7–6(5)
Winner 29. 7 October 1991 Zürich Carpet Czech Republic Andrea Strnadová United States Zina Garrison
United States Lori McNeil
6–4, 6–3
Winner 30. 14 October 1991 Filderstadt Carpet United States Martina Navratilova United States Pam Shriver
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 5–7, 6–4
Winner 31. 11 November 1991 Philadelphia Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Mary Joe Fernández
United States Zina Garrison
6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 19. 18 November 1991 New York City Carpet United States Gigi Fernández United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
Winner 32. 30 December 1991 Brisbane Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
Australia Nicole Bradtke
6–4, 6–3
Winner 33. 26 March 1992 Tampa Clay Latvia Larisa Neiland Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 20. 30 March 1992 Hilton Head Clay Latvia Larisa Neiland Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 21. 6 April 1992 Amelia Island Clay United States Zina Garrison Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 6–0
Winner 34. 11 May 1992 Berlin Clay Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
7–6(5), 4–6, 7–5
Winner 35. 15 June 1992 Eastbourne Grass Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Mary Joe Fernández
United States Zina Garrison
6–0, 6–3
Runner-up 22. 22 June 1992 Wimbledon Grass Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–1
Winner 36. 24 August 1992 San Diego Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland Spain Conchita Martínez
Argentina Mercedes Paz
6–1, 6–4
Runner-up 23. 31 August 1992 US Open Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
7–6(4), 6–1
Winner 37. 28 September 1992 Leipzig Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Patty Fendick
Czech Republic Andrea Strnadová
7–5, 7–6(4)
Winner 38. 19 October 1992 Brighton Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland Spain Conchita Martínez
Czech Republic Radka Zrubáková
6–4, 6–1
Runner-up 24. 16 November 1992 New York City Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czech Republic Helena Suková
7–6(4), 6–1
Winner 39. 8 February 1993 Osaka Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland Bulgaria Magdalena Maleeva
Switzerland Manuela Maleeva-Fragniere
6–1, 6–3
Winner 40. 15 February 1993 Paris Carpet Czech Republic Andrea Strnadová United Kingdom Jo Durie
France Catherine Suire
7–6(2), 6–2
Runner-up 25. 1 March 1993 Delray Beach Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–2
Winner 41. 12 March 1993 Miami Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland Canada Jill Hetherington
United States Kathy Rinaldi
6–2, 7–5
Runner-up 26. 26 April 1993 Hamburg Clay Latvia Larisa Neiland Germany Steffi Graf
Australia Rennae Stubbs
6–4, 7–6(5)
Winner 42. 3 May 1993 Rome Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Mary Joe Fernández
United States Zina Garrison
6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 27. 24 May 1993 French Open Clay Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 7–5
Runner-up 28. 14 June 1993 Eastbourne Grass Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
2–6, 7–5, 6–1
Runner-up 29. 21 June 1993 Wimbledon Grass Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–7(9), 6–4
Winner 43. 16 August 1993 Toronto Hard Latvia Larisa Neiland Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–1, 6–2
Runner-up 30. 27 September 1993 Leipzig Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 31. 15 November 1993 New York City Carpet Latvia Larisa Neiland United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 7–5
Runner-up 32. 10 January 1994 Sydney Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Patty Fendick
United States Meredith McGrath
6–2, 6–3
Winner 44. 28 February 1994 Delray Beach Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–2, 6–0
Winner 45. 24 March 1994 Tampa Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 7–5
Winner 46. 25 April 1994 Hamburg Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Russia Eugenia Maniokova
Georgia (country) Leila Meskhi
6–3, 6–2
Runner-up 33. 9 May 1994 Berlin Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 7–6(2)
Runner-up 34. 20 June 1994 Wimbledon Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–4, 6–1
Winner 47. 1 August 1994 San Diego Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Ginger Helgeson
Australia Rachel McQuillan
6–3, 6–3
Runner-up 35. 8 August 1994 Los Angeles Hard United States Lisa Raymond France Julie Halard-Decugis
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–1, 0–6, 6–1
Winner 48. 29 August 1994 US Open Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Bulgaria Katerina Maleeva
United States Robin White
6–3, 6–3
Runner-up 36. 17 October 1994 Brighton Carpet United States Mary Joe Fernández Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
Latvia Larisa Neiland
4–6, 6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 37. 14 November 1994 New York City Carpet Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–7(4), 6–3
Winner 49. 9 January 1995 Sydney Hard United States Lindsay Davenport United States Patty Fendick
United States Mary Joe Fernández
7–5, 2–6, 6–4
Winner 50. 16 January 1995 Australian Open Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–7(3), 6–4
Winner 51. 6 March 1995 Delray Beach Hard United States Mary Joe Fernández United States Lori McNeil
Latvia Larisa Neiland
6–4, 6–0
Winner 52. 17 March 1995 Miami Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
7–5, 2–6, 6–3
Runner-up 38. 29 May 1995 French Open Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–7(6), 6–4, 7–5
Winner 53. 19 June 1995 Eastbourne Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
0–6, 6–3, 6–4
Winner 54. 26 June 1995 Wimbledon Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
5–7, 7–5, 6–4
Winner 55. 13 November 1995 New York City Carpet Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–1
Winner 56. 12 February 1996 Paris Carpet Netherlands Kristie Boogert France Julie Halard-Decugis
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–4, 6–3
Winner 57. 21 March 1996 Miami Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Meredith McGrath
Latvia Larisa Neiland
6–4, 6–4
Winner 58. 1 April 1996 Hilton Head Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
United States Mary Joe Fernández
6–2, 6–3
Winner 59. 20 May 1996 Madrid Clay Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario Belgium Sabine Appelmans
Netherlands Miriam Oremans
7–6(4), 6–2
Winner 60. 17 June 1996 Eastbourne Grass Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario South Africa Rosalyn Fairbank
United States Pam Shriver
4–6, 7–5, 6–4
Runner-up 39. 23 July 1996 Olympic Games Hard Czech Republic Helena Suková United States Gigi Fernández
United States Mary Joe Fernández
7–6(6), 6–4
Runner-up 40. 26 August 1996 US Open Hard Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
1–6, 6–1, 6–4
Winner 61. 7 October 1996 Filderstadt Hard (i) United States Nicole Arendt Switzerland Martina Hingis
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 41. 18 November 1996 New York City Carpet Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario United States Lindsay Davenport
United States Mary Joe Fernández
6–3, 6–2
Winner 62. 10 February 1997 Paris Carpet Switzerland Martina Hingis France Alexandra Fusai
Italy Rita Grande
6–3, 6–0
Runner-up 42. 31 March 1997 Hilton Head Clay United States Lindsay Davenport Switzerland Martina Hingis
United States Mary Joe Fernández
7–5, 4–6, 6–1
Winner 63. 7 April 1997 Amelia Island Clay United States Lindsay Davenport United States Nicole Arendt
Netherlands Manon Bollegraf
6–3, 6–0
Winner 64. 12 May 1997 Berlin Clay United States Lindsay Davenport United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 3–6, 6–2
Winner 65. 25 August 1997 US Open Hard United States Lindsay Davenport United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–4
Winner 66. 22 September 1997 Leipzig Carpet Switzerland Martina Hingis Indonesia Yayuk Basuki
Czech Republic Helena Suková
6–2, 6–2
Runner-up 43. 6 October 1997 Filderstadt Hard (i) United States Lindsay Davenport Switzerland Martina Hingis
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
7–6(4), 3–6, 7–6(3)
Runner-up 44. 10 November 1997 Philadelphia Carpet United States Lindsay Davenport United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Rennae Stubbs
6–3, 7–5
Winner 67. 17 November 1997 New York City Carpet United States Lindsay Davenport France Alexandra Fusai
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–7(5), 6–3, 6–2
Winner 68. 19 March 1998 Miami Hard Switzerland Martina Hingis Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 3–6, 6–3
Runner-up 45. 27 April 1998 Hamburg Clay Switzerland Martina Hingis Austria Barbara Schett
Switzerland Patty Schnyder
7–6(3), 3–6, 6–3
Winner 69. 25 May 1998 French Open Clay Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–1, 7–6(4)
Winner 70. 15 June 1998 Eastbourne Grass South Africa Mariaan de Swardt Spain Arantxa Sanchez-Vicario
Belarus Natalia Zvereva
6–1, 6–3
Winner 71. 22 June 1998 Wimbledon Grass Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 3–6, 8–6
Winner 72. 17 August 1998 Montreal Hard Switzerland Martina Hingis Indonesia Yayuk Basuki
Netherlands Caroline Vis
6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 46. 24 August 1998 New Haven Hard South Africa Mariaan de Swardt France Alexandra Fusai
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–1, 6–0
Winner 73. 31 August 1998 US Open Hard Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–3, 6–3
Runner-up 47. 1 February 1999 Tokyo Carpet Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Lindsay Davenport
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
6–2, 6–3
Runner-up 48. 5 March 1999 Indian Wells Hard United States Mary Joe Fernández Switzerland Martina Hingis
Russia Anna Kournikova
6–2, 6–2
Winner 74. 18 March 1999 Miami Hard Switzerland Martina Hingis United States Mary Joe Fernández
United States Monica Seles
0–6, 6–4, 7–6(1)
Winner 75. 29 March 1999 Hilton Head Clay Russia Elena Likhovtseva Austria Barbara Schett
Switzerland Patty Schnyder
6–1, 6–4
Runner-up 49. 26 April 1999 Hamburg Clay South Africa Amanda Coetzer Latvia Larisa Neiland
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–2, 6–1
Runner-up 50. 10 May 1999 Berlin Clay Argentina Patricia Tarabini France Alexandra Fusai
France Nathalie Tauziat
6–3, 7–5
Runner-up 51. 14 June 1999 Eastbourne Grass Belarus Natasha Zvereva Switzerland Martina Hingis
Russia Anna Kournikova
6–4, ret.
Winner 76. 16 August 1999 Toronto Hard France Mary Pierce Latvia Larisa Neiland
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–3, 2–6, 6–3
Runner-up 52. 23 August 1999 New Haven Hard Russia Elena Likhovtseva United States Lisa Raymond
Australia Rennae Stubbs
7–6(1), 6–2

Performance timelines[edit]

Singles[edit]

 Czechoslovakia  Czech Republic
Tournament 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 W–L
Grand Slam Tournaments
Australian Open A A A 1R 3R 3R F 4R 2R QF 4R A A A 3R 23–9
French Open A 1R 3R 1R QF SF QF 4R QF 1R 3R SF 3R QF 4R 41–14
Wimbledon A 1R 4R 2R 4R QF 2R 3R F QF SF QF F W QF 53–13
US Open A LQ 4R 1R 2R QF 4R 1R 4R SF QF QF QF SF 3R 39–14
Career Statistics
Year End Ranking 306 171 47 35 11 13 7 10 6 4 11 5 2 3 NR

Doubles[edit]

 Czechoslovakia  Czech Republic
Tournament 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 W–L
Grand Slam Tournaments
Australian Open A A QF SF W F QF QF SF W A A A 3R 36–7
French Open 2R 3R A SF W W SF F A F SF 3R W QF 48–9
Wimbledon A 2R 3R W W F F F F W QF QF W SF 56–8
US Open A 3R 3R 3R F F F 2R W QF F W W 3R 49–10
Career Statistics
Year End Ranking 137 24 13 5 2 1 4 4 4 2 3 6 3 NR

Mixed doubles[edit]

 Czechoslovakia  Czech Republic
Tournament 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 W–L
Grand Slam Tournaments
Australian Open W W A A A A A 10–0
French Open A A A A 2R A A 0–1
Wimbledon 2R W SF A A A A 11–2
US Open W 2R A A A A F 10–2

Awards and recognitions[edit]

WTA Tour career earnings[edit]

Year Grand Slam
singles titles
WTA
singles titles
Total
singles titles
Earnings ($) Money list rank
1986–88 0 1 1 439,958 n/a
1989 0 1 1 360,896 7
1990 0 1 1 645,500 5
1991 0 2 2 766,369 6
1992 0 0 0 511,184 8
1993 0 2 2 926,646 6
1994 0 3 3 876,119 4
1995 0 1 1 787,936 5
1996 0 4 4 1,354,307 3
1997 0 4 4 1,685,115 2
1998 1 3 4 2,153,800 3
1999 0 1 1 741,454 11
Career 1 23 24 11,249,284 19

Record against other top players[edit]

Novotná's win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked World No. 10 or higher is as follows:

Players who have been ranked World No. 1 are in boldface.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joel Drucker. "1997 US Open Preview and Predictions". The Tennis Server. 
  2. ^ "On clay, serve and volley is no folly". Reddif. 26 May 2008. 
  3. ^ "WTA player profile – Jana Novotna". www.wtatennis.com. WTA. 
  4. ^ a b c d e John Barrett, ed. (1999). ITF World of Tennis 1999. London: CollinsWillow. pp. 339–342. ISBN 9780002188623. 
  5. ^ John Barrett, ed. (1990). The International Tennis Federation : World of Tennis 1990. London: Willow Books. pp. 173–174. ISBN 9780002183550. 
  6. ^ "Novotna Ends Graf's Reign at Australian Open". The New York Times. AP. 22 January 1991. 
  7. ^ Sandra Harwitt (27 January 1991). "Tennis; Seles Rallies Past Novotna To Win Australian Open". The New York Times. 
  8. ^ Richard Finn (26 January 1991). "Seles Rallies, Tops Novotna For Australian Title". Chicago Tribune. 
  9. ^ Simon O'Hagan (17 October 1993). "Profile: Serious intent of a 'choker' - Jana Novotna". The Independent. 
  10. ^ Bill Glauber (6 July 1997). "For Hingis, 16 so sweet at Wimbledon". The Baltimore Sun. 
  11. ^ Robin Finn (6 July 1997). "Wimbledon Is Latest Landmark in the Hingis Era". The New York Times. 
  12. ^ Bill Berkrot (25 November 1997). "Novotna Takes Chase Over Pierce". The Moscow Times. 
  13. ^ Mark Shapiro (24 November 1997). "Novotna Uses Powerful Serve To Defeat Pierce For Chase Title". Chicago Tribune. 
  14. ^ Robin Finn (3 July 1988). "Tennis; Novotna Ousts Hingis to Meet a Finalist Her Own Age". The New York Times. 
  15. ^ Jennifer Frey (5 July 1998). "It's Final: Novotna Wins Wimbledon". The Washington Post. 
  16. ^ Lisa Dillman (5 July 1998). "Novotna Wipes Away Wimbledon Sorrows". Los Angeles Times. 
  17. ^ a b Collins, Bud (2010). The Bud Collins History of Tennis (2nd ed.). [New York]: New Chapter Press. pp. 620–621. ISBN 978-0942257700. 
  18. ^ Sarah Edworthy (5 Jul 2000). "Wimbledon Diary: Novotna completes set with a pet". The Telepgraph. 

External links[edit]