Janata Dal (Secular)

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Janata Dal (Secular)
Leader H.D. Deve Gowda
Founder H.D. Deve Gowda
Founded July, 1999
Preceded by Janata Dal
Headquarters 5, Safdarjung Lane, New Delhi 110003
Student wing student Janata Dal
Youth wing Yuva Janata Dal
Women's wing Mahila Janata Dal
Ideology Social democracy
Secularism
Political position Centre-left
Colours Green
ECI Status State Party[1]
Alliance Third Front (2009-present)
Seats in Lok Sabha
2 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
1 / 245
Seats in Legislative Assembly
40 / 224
(Karnataka Legislative Assembly)
Election symbol
Janata Dal Election Symbol
Website

www.jds.ind.in[2]

Source:[3]
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

The Janata Dal (Secular) (JD(S)) (Kannada: ಜನತಾ ದಳ (ಜಾತ್ಯಾತೀತ)) is a centre-left Indian political party[4] led by former Prime Minister of India H.D. Deve Gowda. The party is recognized as a state party in the states of Karnataka and Kerala. It was formed in July 1999 by the split of Janata Dal party.[5][6] It has a political presence mainly in Karnataka. In Kerala, the party is part of the Left Democratic Front.

History[edit]

JD(S) propaganda in Bangalore.

The Janata Dal (Secular) traces its roots back to the Janata Party organized by Jayprakash Narayan that united all anti-Indira Gandhi parties under one banner for the 1977 national elections.The Janata Party split twice, first in 1979 and then in 1980 leading to the birth of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) which comprised members of the erstwhile Jan Sangh which was close to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh.[7][8]

Janata Dal was formed in Bangalore by the merger of the Janata Party with smaller opposition parties in 1988.[9][10][11] In 1996, Janata Dal party reached its pinnacle when H.D. Deve Gowda became Prime Minister of India, heading the United Front (UF) coalition government.[12][13]

The Janata Dal split in 1999, when a faction led by then Chief Minister J.H. Patel lent support to BJP-led National Democratic Alliance leading to the formation of Janata Dal (Secular) under H. D. Deve Gowda. The Sharad Yadav faction of the Janata Dal, the Lok Shakti and the Samata Party merged as the Janata Dal (United).[14][15] Even though the premise for the split was its opposition to allying with the National Democratic Alliance, H.D. Deve Gowda stayed equally away from the Indian National Congress from the outset.[16]

JD(S) in Karnataka state for a time governed in a coalition with the Indian National Congress party, the first coalition government in Karnataka. There was much controversy over the JD(S) allying with the Indian National Congress (INC) in Bangalore as the INC formerly had an outright majority and was diminished to second place with the BJP having a plurality. However, the JD(S) considered INC to be the lesser of the two evils on account of its erstwhile secular and center left credentials.

The 2004 elections in Karnataka witnessed the revival of the party’s fortunes with Janata Dal (Secular) becoming part of the ruling coalition in the state. Subsequently, party leader H. D. Kumaraswamy headed a popular coalition government in the state for 20 months with support from BJP.[17][18]

In the Indian general election, 2014, the JD-S has given support to the Social Democratic Party of India in Dakshin Kannada [19]

Prominent members[edit]

Chief Ministers[edit]

Assembly election history in Karnataka[edit]

Year Assembly Election Seats Contested Seats Won Votes Secured Percentage Of Votes
1999 11th Assembly 203 10 23,16,885 10.42[25]
2004 12th Assembly 220 58 52,20,121 20.77%[26]
2008 13th Assembly 219 28 49,59,252 18.96%[27]
2013 14th Assembly 222 40 63,29,864 20.09%

Lok Sabha election history in Karnataka[edit]

Year Lok Sabha Election Seats Contested Seats Won Votes Secured Percentage Of Votes
2004 14th Lok Sabha 28 02 51,35,205 20.45%[28]
2009 15th Lok Sabha 21 03 33,35,530 13.58%
2014 16th Lok Sabha 25 02 34,06,465 11.00%[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013". India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Karnataka polls: JDS finally takes net to catch voters - News Oneindia. News.oneindia.in (2013-02-13). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  3. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/mis-Political_Parties/Constitution_of_Political_Parties%5CConstitution_of_The%20Janata%20Dal%20Secular.pdf
  4. ^ "History of Janata Dal (Secular) according to its website". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  5. ^ "EC to hear Janata Dal symbol dispute". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  6. ^ "The Nation:Janata Dal:Divided Gains (India Today article)". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  7. ^ "Regional parties have a role to play - article in the Hindu". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  8. ^ "history section on Bharatiya Janata Party site". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  9. ^ "article on Chandrashekar". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  10. ^ "Bouquet of ideologies - article in the Hindu". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  11. ^ "Janata Dal". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  12. ^ "Profile of Deve Gowda on PMO website". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  13. ^ History « Welcome to Janata Dal (Secular) Official Website. Jds.ind.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  14. ^ http://www.janata.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=53&Itemid=60
  15. ^ [1][dead link]
  16. ^ ""Gowda rules out tieup with Congress " - Tribune India article". Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  17. ^ http://www.janatadalsecular.org.in/
  18. ^ History « Welcome to Janata Dal (Secular) Official Website. Jds.ind.in. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  19. ^ Mangalore: JD(S) backing SDPI, fighting elections on principles - M B Sadashiva. Daijiworld.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  20. ^ http://jds.net.in/organization/
  21. ^ http://jds.net.in/organization/
  22. ^ If Voted To Power J D (S) Will Order Judicial Probe Into Batla House Encounter. Hindtoday.com (2009-04-23). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  23. ^ D A I J I W O R L D. D A I J I W O R L D (2011-08-10). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  24. ^ Dhananjaya Kumar Joins JD(S). The New Indian Express (2014-03-17). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  25. ^ %http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/SE_1999/StatisticalReport-KT99.pdf
  26. ^ List Of Political Parties. (PDF) . Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  27. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/AE2008/stats_report_KT2008.pdf
  28. ^ http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/LS_2004/Vol_I_LS_2004.pdf
  29. ^ http://eciresults.nic.in/PartyWiseResultS10.htm?st=S10

External links[edit]