Of Pennsylvania Dutch stock, Wolfe was born in St. Petersburg, Pennsylvania on March 21, 1875. As a young girl she went to New York City to pursue a career in the theatre but soon became involved acting in the fledgling motion picture industry.
In 1911, Wolfe was part of the Kalem Company's crew in New York City who relocated to the company's new production facilities in Los Angeles, California. She went on to become one of the leading character actors of the decade, appearing in more than one hundred films including an important secondary role in the 1917 Mary Pickford film, Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm.
Association with Aleister Crowley
In 1918, Jane Wolfe began corresponding with the English author and occultist Aleister Crowley, and two years later she gave up her career in Hollywood to join Crowley at his "Abbey of Thelema" at Cefalù, Sicily, living there from 1920 until it closed in 1923. There she kept records about her magic practice, which were later published by the College of Thelema of Northern California as The Cefalu Diaries.
Wolfe is considered an important female figure in magick as, in addition to her friendship and work with Crowley, she took part in the founding of the Agape Lodge of the Ordo Templi Orientis in southern California as well as being its lodge master.
Jane Wolfe died in Glendale, California on March 29, 1958, eight days after her 83rd birthday.