Janet Bond Arterton (born 1944) is a United States federal judge.
Arterton was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She received a B.A. from Mount Holyoke College in 1966, and then received a J.D. from Northeastern University School of Law in 1977. She was a law clerk for Herbert Stern in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey from 1977 to 1978, and then was in private practice of law in New Haven, Connecticut from 1978 to 1995.
Arterton is a federal judge on the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut. She was nominated by President Bill Clinton on January 23, 1995, to a seat vacated by Jose A. Cabranes. She was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 24, 1995, and received her commission the same day. She assumed senior status on July 1, 2014.