||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
|Born||March 15, 1957
|Field||audio art, installation art|
|Training||Queen's University, University of Alberta|
|Works||Paradise Institute, 2001, with George Bures Miller|
|Awards||National Gallery of Canada Millennium Prize|
Janet Cardiff (born 15 March 1957) is a Canadian installation artist. Born in Brussels, Ontario in 1957 Cardiff studied at Queen's University (BFA) where she graduated in 1980. She also studied at the University of Alberta (MVA)and graduated in 1983. She works in collaboration with her partner George Bures Miller. Cardiff and Miller currently live and work in Berlin. Janet Cardiff first gained international recognition in the art world for her audio walks in 1995.
Cardiff's installations and walking pieces are often audio-based. She has been included in exhibitions such as: Present Tense, Nine Artists in the Nineties, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, NowHere, Louisiana Museum, Denmark, The Museum as Muse, Museum of Modern Art, the Carnegie International '99/00, the Tate Modern Opening Exhibition as well as a project commissioned by Artangel in London. This project ("The Missing Voice (Case Study B)") was commissioned in 1999 and continues to run. It is an audio tour that leaves from the Whitechapel Library, next to the Whitechapel tube stop and snakes its way through London's East End, weaving fictional narrative with descriptions about the actual landscape. Cardiff represented Canada at the São Paulo Art Biennial in 1998, and at the 6th Istanbul Biennial in 1999 with her partner George Bures Miller.
In her Forty Part Motet she placed 40 speakers in 8 groups, each speaker playing a recording of one voice singing Thomas Tallis' Spem in alium, enabling the audience to walk through the space and "sample" individual voices of the polyphonic vocal music. This work is now part of the permanent collection of the National Gallery of Canada in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. and of Inhotim in Brumadinho, Brazil. A recent mid-career retrospective, Janet Cardiff: A Survey of Works, Including Collaborations with George Bures Miller, opened at P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, Queens, in 2001 and has travelled to Montréal, Oslo, and Turin. Exhibitions in 2006 include Good Vibrations–Le arti visive e il Rock, Palazzo delle Papesse, Centro Arte Contemporanea, Siena, Anticipation, The Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago and Sonic Presence, Bergen Kunsthall, Bergen, Norway.
In Real Time (1999) was the very first video walk that Cardiff created. It took place in the library of the Carnegie Museum of Art and begins with the participant donning a pair of headphones attached to a small video camera. Upon playback Cardiff says to watch the screen and follow along with what we see and hear for approximately 18 minutes. This piece relies on the discrepancies between what is seen on the video monitor and what is actually occurring in the library.
Work with George Bures Miller
Cardiff and Bures Miller represented Canada at the 49th Venice Biennale with Paradise Institute (2001), a 16-seat movie theatre where viewers watched a film, becoming entangled as witnesses to a possible crime played out in the real world audience and on the screen. The artists won La Biennale di Venezia Special Award at Venice, presented to Canadian artists for the first time and the Benesse Prize, recognizing artists who break new artistic ground with an experimental and pioneering spirit. Cardiff and Bures Miller have recently had exhibitions at the Art Gallery of Alberta (2010), Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland (2008) the Miami Art Museum (2007) Vancouver Art Gallery (2005), Luhring Augustine, New York (2004), Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati (2003), Art Gallery of Ontario (2002), National Gallery of Canada (2002) and Oakville Galleries, Oakville, Ontario (2000). In 2012, she took part along with her husband in the Kassel’s Documenta. They proposed two installations: the first one is an audio installation in the forest called «Forest (for a thousand years…)» of 28 minutes audio loop. The second one is a 26-minute video walk specially produced for Documenta and called «Alter Bahnhof video walk».
- Artangel - The Missing Voice (Case Study B) homepage
- Cybermuse Gallery Artwork Page: Forty Part Motet(2001)
- (31 May 2005). "Hirshhorn Commissions Janet Cardiff to Create Audio Walk for National Mall". Hirshhorn Museum website. Retrieved 9 January 2011.
- Janet Cardiff and George Miller
- The Fruitmarket Gallery.
- Luhring Augustine Gallery.
- Words Drawn in Water
- Tate Liverpool
- "Creating Worlds" Excerpt of profile from ascent magazine
- KultureFlash Interview (01/2003)