Janet Evans

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Janet Evans
Personal information
Full name Janet Beth Evans
Nationality  United States
Born (1971-08-28) August 28, 1971 (age 42)
Fullerton, California
Height 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m)
Weight 119 lb (54 kg)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Freestyle, individual medley
Club Golden West Swim Club
College team Stanford University

Janet Beth Evans (born August 28, 1971) is a former American competition swimmer who specialized in distance freestyle events. Evans was a world champion and world record-holder and won gold medals at the 1988 and the 1992 Olympics.

Biography[edit]

Born in Fullerton, California, Evans grew up in neighboring Placentia, where she started swimming competitively as a child. By the age of 11, she was setting National Age Group records in distance events. After swimming as a teenager for Fullerton Aquatics (FAST Swimming) and graduating from El Dorado High School,[1] Evans attended Stanford University, where she swam for the Stanford Cardinal swimming and diving team from 1989 to 1991. When the NCAA placed weekly hours limits on athletic training time, she quit the Stanford swim team to focus on training. She later attended the University of Texas at Austin before graduating from the University of Southern California in 1994 with a bachelor's degree in communications.[2]

Evans was distinctive for her unorthodox "windmill" stroke and her apparently inexhaustible cardio-respiratory reserves. Slight of build and short of stature, she more than once found herself competing and winning against bigger and stronger athletes, some of whom were subsequently found to have been using performance-enhancing drugs.[citation needed]

Janet Evans was the 1989 recipient of the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States. She was named the Female World Swimmer of the Year by Swimming World Magazine in 1987, 1989, and 1990.

After retiring from competitive swimming, Evans worked as a motivational speaker and corporate spokesperson for companies such as AT&T, Speedo, Campbell's, PowerBar, John Hancock, Cadillac, and Xerox. In 2008, Evans competed on the NBC show Celebrity Circus. [3]

In 2010, Evans returned to competitive swimming in Masters swimming.[4]

Evans married Bill Willson in 2004, with whom she has two children. As of June 2012, the family lives in Laguna Beach, California.[5]

Career[edit]

In 1987, she broke the world records in the 400 m, 800 m, and 1,500 m freestyle races. At the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, she won three individual gold medals, and she also earned the nickname "Miss Perpetual Motion".

In these Olympics, Evans set a new world record in the 400 meter freestyle event. This record stood for 18 years until Laure Manaudou broke it in May 2006.

Evans held the 1,500 meter freestyle record, set in March 1988, through June 2007, when it was broken by Kate Ziegler of the USA with her time of 15:42.54.

Evans held the world record in the 800 meter freestyle, 8:16:22, that she set in August 1989, until it was broken by Rebecca Adlington of Britain in August 2008. Adlington set the new record with her time of 8:14.10 in winning the race at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Evans's 800 meter record was one of the longest-standing ones ever in swimming, and it went unbroken through four Olympic Games (1992 - 2004).

Only the 100 meter freestyle swimming record set by the Dutch swimmer Willy den Ouden stood longer—from 1936 through 1956. It should be noted that there was not much swimming competition between 1938 and 1946 because of World War II, and the Summer Olympics were cancelled twice.

Following her outstanding performance of 1988, Evans continued to dominate the world's long-distance swimming competitions (400 m and above). Evans became the first woman to win back-to-back Olympic and World Championship titles in any one swimming event by winning the 1988 and 1992 Olympic gold medals and the 1991 and 1994 World championships in the 800 meter freestyle race. She would astonishingly go undefeated in all of the 400, 800, and 1500 freestyle events for over 5 years, only being broken with her shock defeat to Dagmar Hase in the 400 freestyle at the Barcelona Olympics, where she led all race but was narrowly caught at the end.

Evans won the 400 meter and 800 meter freestyle swims at the U.S. National Championships 12 times each, the largest number of national titles in one event by an American swimmer in the 100-year history of the competition.

Evans ended her swimming career, for all practical purposes, at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. She did not win any medals, but she did add one more highlight to her life. She was given the honor of carrying the Olympic torch in the Opening Ceremony, and she handed the torch to the American boxing legend Muhammad Ali to light the cauldron.

In the swimming pool, Evans finished ninth in the preliminaries of the 400 meter freestyle. She did not qualify for the finals (nor the B finals), as only the top eight finishers advance to the next level. In the final swim of her career, Evans finished in sixth place in the 800 meter freestyle.

At the Atlanta Games, American swimming officials criticized Ireland's Michelle Smith about her unexpected gold medals, suggesting that she might have been using performance enhancing drugs in the Olympics. When asked about the accusations, Evans said that when anyone like Smith showed such a significant improvement, "there's always that question." American sportswriters sympathetic to Smith took this comment to mean that Evans was accusing Smith of steroid use as well, and they attacked Evans as being a sore loser. Evans later insisted that she meant no such accusation and that her remarks were taken out of context. "They [the press] had to make me the scapegoat," she said in a 1998 interview.[citation needed] In 1998, Smith received a four-year suspension for tampering with a urine sample.

At the end of Evans' swimming career, she held seven world records, five Olympic medals (including four gold medals), and 45 American national titles — third only to Tracy Caulkins and Michael Phelps.

In June 2011, it was announced that Evans was in the process of a comeback and has been training for six months with the goal of competing at the 2012 Olympic Trials.[6] At the 2012 Olympic Trials, at the age of 40, she ended up finishing 80th out of 113 swimmers in the 400-meter freestyle [7] and 53rd out of 65 swimmers in the 800-meter freestyle.[8] When she was introduced for both races she was given a standing ovation by the capacity crowd at the pool in Omaha, Nebraska. [9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Records
Preceded by

Australia Tracey Wickham
East Germany Anke Möhring
Women's 800-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

July 27, 1987 – August 19, 1987
March 22, 1988 – August 16, 2008
Succeeded by

East Germany Anke Möhring
United Kingdom Rebecca Adlington
Preceded by
United States Kim Linehan
Women's 1,500-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

July 31, 1987 – June 17, 2007
Succeeded by
United States Kate Ziegler
Preceded by
Australia Tracey Wickham
Women's 400-meter freestyle
world record-holder (long course)

December 20, 1987 – May 12, 2006
Succeeded by
France Laure Manaudou
Awards and achievements
Preceded by

East Germany Kristin Otto
East Germany Kristin Otto
Swimming World
World Swimmer of the Year

1987
1989 – 1990
Succeeded by

East Germany Kristin Otto
Hungary Krisztina Egerszegi
Preceded by
United States Mary T. Meagher
Swimming World
American Swimmer of the Year

1987 – 1991
Succeeded by
United States Summer Sanders