Jani Allan

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Jani Allan
Born Isabel Janet Allan[1]
(1952-09-11) 11 September 1952 (age 62)
United Kingdom
Residence Sandton, Johannesburg
Clifton, Cape Town
Nationality South African
Education University of the Witwatersrand
Occupation Journalist, broadcaster
Employer Sunday Times
Cape Talk
Known for Just Jani
Face to Face
Spouse(s) Gordon Schachat (1982-84)
Dr Peter Kulish (2002-2005)
Website
http://janiallan.com/

Jani Allan (born 11 September 1952) is a South African columnist, broadcaster and animal rights advocate. She became a household name[2] as a columnist for the centrist newspaper, the Sunday Times where she worked between 1980 and 1989 publishing columns such as Just Jani, Radio Jani, Jani Allan's Week, Face to Face and Jani at large. At the height of her fame, her newspaper commissioned a Gallup poll in 1987 to find "the most admired person in South Africa". She came first. She later became the subject of press interest over affair allegations with an interviewee, the late right-wing political leader Eugène Terre'Blanche. Allan denied the allegations and in 1989, fled to London after she was the target of an assassination attempt by a splinter cell group when they bombed her Johannesburg apartment. In 1992, she filed an unsuccessful libel suit against the broadcaster Channel 4 over her depiction in Nick Broomfield's 1991 documentary, The Leader, His Driver and the Driver's Wife. She returned to South Africa in 1996, publishing a web column and presenting a radio show on Cape Talk. After an extended absence, 2013 marked Allan's return to the media frame as she began publishing regular columns and announced a book project.[3] Her recent journalism focuses on topical themes in South Africa, her life in the United States and her animal rights advocacy. In 2014, she made headlines around the world after publishing an open letter to accused murderer Oscar Pistorius. Jacana Media will publish Allan's memoirs in 2015.

Early life[edit]

Allan was reportedly born the daughter of an Italian expeditionary and a Rhodesian socialite.[4] She was adopted by a wealthy British-South African couple, John Murray Allan and Janet Sophia Henning at age one month old.[5] The family briefly lived in England but her Scottish father was advised by doctors to move to a warmer climate. Allan's adoptive father, a former editor of an Edinburgh newspaper died when she was 18 months old. Her mother was an antiques dealer with a store in Randburg. Allan was raised by Henning and Henning's second husband, Walter Eric Monteith Fry. The family lived in the Johannesburg suburb of Bryanston with Allan attending Blairgowrie Primary School where one of her contemporaries was the writer, Rian Malan. She later attended Roedean School and matriculated at Greenside High School.[3] She is a trained classical pianist and recorded a televised piano concerto as a child,[6] and made her debut with Johannesburg symphony orchestra at the age of 10.[3][7] She obtained a licenciate in music.[5] She also attained a BA in fine art[8] and honours degrees in English literature and history of art at the University of the Witwatersrand.[9]

Career[edit]

Prior to becoming a journalist, she worked as a photographic model[10] and an English and Art teacher at Wynberg Boys' High School, Bryanston High School and Sevenoaks Finishing School.[11][12] Allan's first published work was a series of classical music reviews for The Citizen.

1980-1989 Sunday Times[edit]

Allan was employed by Sunday Times editor Tertius Myburgh on the strength of four music reviews.[8] Allan would go on to enjoy considerable success as a popular and respected[13][14] columnist for the newspaper.

In 1980 Sunday Times Lifestyle began publishing her "Just Jani" column, an interview-based column with public figures from diverse fields such as entertainment, sport, business, art and politics.[12] She interviewed several international celebrities for the newspaper such as Bill Haley,[15] Goldie Hawn, Barry Manilow, Ursula Andress and Oliver Reed.[9] She also interviewed several entertainment figures in South Africa, such as the comedian Pieter-Dirk Uys,[16] director Jamie Uys, actress Taubie Kushlick,[17] singer Sonja Herholdt and actress Moira Lister. Sporting figures such as Danie Craven[18] and Mike Weaver were also the subjects of interviews.[12] In the art world, she interviewed Vladimir Tretchikoff, who would later invite her to sit for a portrait.[12][19] At the request of another acclaimed artist and interviewee, Walter Battiss, she agreed to become a resident and official writer of the famed Fook Island, an "island of the imagination".[12] She also published several pieces and interviews with diverse figures such as the UFO contactee Elizabeth Klarer.[20][21]

Face Value: The collected journalism of Jani Allan

In 1983 she published Face Value, a selection of "Just Jani" columns. Allan provided background details in the collection, detailing the reactions of some interviewees to their stories and evaluations by Allan herself. The photographer was Andrzej Sawa.[12] In the main body of the Sunday Times newspaper, she also began publishing Radio Jani, her music reviews. She also had a nightly pop news spot on the David Gresham show on Springbok Radio.

In 1986 she began publishing Jani Allan's Week in the main body of the newspaper. She would report on glamorous assignments such as parties hosted by South Africa's elite. Her page would also usually include an interview with a celebrity figure. Her strong public profile was confirmed when she was voted "the most admired person in South Africa" in a Gallup poll commissioned by the Sunday Times in 1987.[22] Her eminence in South African media has led some to consider her to have held the platform of "South Africa's leading columnist" at her peak in the 1980s.[23]

In 1988 her bosses replaced Jani Allan's week with "Face To Face", a profile column wherein Allan would continue to interview celebrities but also branch out to more political figures.[14] Political subjects were diverse, with guests such as Magnus Malan, Beyers Naude, Pik Botha,[24] Eugène Terre'Blanche, Winnie Mandela, Denis Worrall and Mangosuthu Buthelezi.[8][25][26][27] In January 1989, Allan published an interview with herself titled Jani by Jani.[28]

Myburgh described her journalistic style as "highly individual" and cited New Journalism as an influence.[12] In the 1980s, the Sunday Times was Africa's largest newspaper with a circulation of 3 million.[12] Allan also represented the newspaper as a guest on several South African television programmes.[29] During her tenure at the Sunday Times, she also contributed features for the Sunday Times Colour Magazine, which was relaunched in 1981.[12][30]

Assassination attempt and emigration[edit]

Following an assassination attempt on her life in 1989,[31] secret service agents advised her to leave South Africa. She resumed work for the Johannesburg newspaper from their London office. In London, Allan launched a new column for the newspaper titled Jani at large with the tag-line Jani Allan - reporting from London. After six weeks in London, Allan returned to work at the Johannesburg office. After a week back at work, Allan was asked to hand in her resignation as she had "become the story". Allan's tenure at the newspaper ended in September 1989.[32] Allan's final piece published by the Sunday Times was an interview with Mandy Rice-Davies for the Jani at large column.

1990-1996 Scope & freelance[edit]

By 1990 Allan had become a regular columnist for the South African weekly magazine, Scope, launching the self-titled Jani Allan column.[33] At the peak of its success, Scope had the largest circulation of any English-language magazine in South Africa.[34] An article written by Allan on 5 October 1990, volume 25, number 20 in the magazine was presented by the MP Dries Bruwer to the South African parliament in 1991 in support of a legislation issue.[35][36]

In 1990 she also worked as an occasional society columnist[37] for the London Sunday Times, writing about prestigious social events she attended on assignment.[38][39] She also interviewed celebrities such as Charlton Heston[40] and published opinion pieces for the newspaper.[41]

She later worked for the SABC broadcaster and journalist, Cliff Saunders's London press agency and interviewed South African and european political figures such as Jean-Marie Le Pen. Allan was also published by the London Evening Standard where she published reports on her former inquisitor George Carman's latest case, in which Carman was defending The People against a libel case taken by Mona Bauwens.[42] She also wrote for The Spectator where she memorably described Carman as "a small bewigged ferret".[43][44] Allan also published opinion pieces in the Daily Mail.[45][46] She also contributed to the British conservative magazine, The Salisbury Review and also researched and contributed to the anti-fascist magazine, Searchlight.

The book that had been embroiled in controversy over its content during the libel case was titled White Sunset, based on right-wing groups in South Africa. It was alluded to in 1988 during her association with Terre'Blanche. In 1992 her agent described it to the British media as "a very serious look at the break-up of white society in South Africa" which features "fly-on-the-wall reportage".[4] Several chapters had been seen and cover art had been developed but the project was ultimately not pursued.[47][48] She had also completed Fast Cars to Ventersdorp, a satirical look at her involvement with Terre'Blanche. It was compared to the style of Tom Sharpe and in the foreword she explained that she had written it because, "I want to leave the past behind me."[4]

In 1995, she gave a much publicized primetime interview to SABC.[49] Allan continued as a guest writer on many British publications, often appearing as a voice on South African politics. In the wake of his state visit to the UK in July 1996, the Daily Express published a piece by Allan critical of president Nelson Mandela.[50] Allan returned to South Africa in 1996 at the urging of her then-partner, the late Mario Oriani-Ambrosini.

1996–2001 radio show, web column[edit]

Jani Allan on the August 1996 cover of Style

Her return to South Africa in 1996 was marked by an appearance on the cover of Style magazine and an in-depth interview.

In the same year she took up a position as a host on Cape Talk Radio, a Cape Town-based radio show and launched her show Jani's World, which aired on Friday evenings between 9 p.m. and midnight. Allan also interviewed political figures such as Constand Viljoen.[51] and Rhodesian Premier Ian Smith. In entertainment, Allan interviewed local entertainment figures as well as international names such as Ursula Andress and Faye Dunaway. The guests were from various fields and backgrounds, including Mikhail Kalashnikov and New Age guru-types such as Gregg Braden by telephone from the United States.[52] The Mail & Guardian praised how the "“no guts no glory” content creates a refreshing, witty forum".[53]

Soon after establishing the radio show in Cape Town, she was contracted by MWEB to launch the website "CyberJani" with a weekly column, letters page and live chatline.[54] The statement mission of the column was to provide “all the truth that is unfit to print and equally offensive to the left, the right and the centre”.[55] Allan tackled a variety of issues such as Affirmative action and gender issues.[55] Allan's page also marked a returned to her days as social diarist at the Sunday Times. Allan would write about film shoots with Pieter-Dirk Uys and lunch dates with diverse figures such as Rian Malan and Beezy Bailey.[56]

Furore after Johnson's appearance on Allan's radio show

In 1998, Allan appeared in the SABC documentary film, Red Jacket to discuss the South Africa-based Russian artist, Vladimir Tretchikoff known for painting the Chinese Girl.[57][58][59] Allan had previously interviewed the artist for her Sunday Times column over a decade earlier. In the same year she made another screen appearance as a Parisian model in the Pieter-Dirk Uys comedy, Going Down Gorgeous.[60]

Allan's radio show, Jani's World became one of the station's most popular, but became controversial in September 1999 when Allan interviewed American right-winger Keith Johnson of the Militia of Montana. Johnson expressed several controversial and offensive opinions. Allan distanced herself from Johnson's views and apologised for the offense to Jewish listeners.[61][62] Due to the negative reaction from listeners, including the South African Jewish Board of Deputies[63] the station was instructed to issue an apology two days later. Allan left the radio station in October 2000.[64]

In 2000–2001, she was a speechwriter for Buthelezi.[3][65][66]

2001-2012 hiatus[edit]

Although Allan made several radio appearances and published a small number of pieces on a freelance basis, she has described this period as 'inactive'. Allan attributes this to the collapse of her second marriage and the struggle to re-establish a media career in a foreign country.

She emigrated to the United States in 2001 and worked as a PR for the American inventor and author, Peter Kulish. She later appeared on a number of radio shows. On 17 June 2004, Jani Allan appeared as the guest on the conspiracy theorist Jeff Rense's show.[67] She later became the regular Friday night weekly guest-commentator. In 2005, she made several appearances on the Republican radio show Flipside with Robby Noel. She also appeared on the Larry Pratt show, discussing gun laws in place in South Africa.

Between 2004 and 2005 published on a freelance basis for titles such as WorldNetDaily. As a personal interest, she also worked as a published astrologer.[14][68] In 2006, Allan's controversial Terre'Blanche column was republished in the book A Century of Sundays: 100 Years of Breaking News in the Sunday Times. The book included details of the libel case and reproduced reportage about the case.[26]

Promotional poster for M&G interview with Allan in October 2013

Following Terre'Blanche's murder in April 2010 she was hounded by the international press for an interview. Eventually she gave a full length interview to Britain's Daily Mail. The interview was also republished in all Independent Online titles across South Africa. She revealed in the interview that she was already writing her memoirs. She also revealed that she works as a restaurant hostess in Lambertville, New Jersey.[15]

2013-present return to journalism & memoirs[edit]

In 2013 Allan was approached as a subject for a magazine article following "yesterday's media icons".[69] Recently Allan has increased her media visibility, joining Twitter[70][71] and publishing a new blog titled My Grilling Life.[72] She regularly writes satirical pieces about her experiences in the restaurant where she works. She also concentrates on light social commentary and cultural themes, recently publishing a film review of Baz Luhrmann's The Great Gatsby.[73] Fellow South African journalists, David Bullard and Lin Sampson have expressed their enthusiasm for Allan's blog and return to writing.[3]

In October 2013 she was the subject of a profile piece by the Mail & Guardian newspaper titled "The return of Jani Allan". Allan announced to the newspaper a new media project, an interactive biography project about her life and South Africa.[3] She also launched the website, http://janiallan.com/ where she publishes a new web column and invites participation in her book project. A recent column titled "A Letter to Joost"[74] went viral across social media. Allan addressed Joost van der Westhuizen and supported the rugby star's bid to stop the publication of a tell-all book about his marriage.

On 16 October, Allan made a morning radio appearance on the Redi Thlabi show, broadcast on Johannesburg's Radio 702 and Cape Town's Cape Talk. On 27 October, an interview with Allan was published in the Business Times section of her former newspaper, the Sunday Times.[75]

In September 2014, Dekat, an upmarket South African lifestyle magazine, published in English and Afrikaans featured a column by Allan. Allan's column was part of the magazine's 1980's edition and is a letter from Allan to her younger self.[76]

In October 2014, the Daily Maverick published Allan's column titled "I refuse to be the poster child of slut-shaming" in which Allan takes issue with comments made by City Press editor Ferial Haffajee.[77] Allan's column was supported by the respected journalist and sexual abuse victims activist, Charlene Smith. Smith described it as an "important, critical piece" and referred to Haffajee's reference as "thoughtless and cruel". Smith continued to describe Allan as "one of South Africa's great writers, and now as one of South Africa's generations of brave women who speak up loudly and clearly about the harm they experience."[77] Later that month the Afrikaans newspaper, Rapport published an interview with Allan.[78]

Jacana Media will publish Allan's memoirs in early 2015.[79]

Oscar Pistorius[edit]

Trial of Oscar Pistorius

On 14 April 2014, Allan published an open letter to Oscar Pistorius.[80] Allan described the sports star as a "faux hero" and suggested that he had taken acting lessons in preparation for his court appearance. Allan also compared Pistorius with Eugene Terre'Blanche, "Terre’blanche was cut from the same cloth as you, Oscar." Allan continued to criticize Pistorius' lifestyle as "a wasteland filled with expensive toys and recidivist acts."

Allan's column went viral and was republished by the Daily Maverick,[81] The Citizen,[82] Biz News,[83] and other news websites. The column was also reported on by other media titles such as Beeld.[84] Canada's Globe and Mail also reported on the impact of the column, publishing quotes and a link to the full text.[85] On 20 April, Britain's Daily Mail reported on Allan's letter.[86] Allan also spoke to the The Sunday People in a story published the same day.[87] The story has also garnered attention in the United States, with reports appearing in the New York Post,[88] Time,[89] UPI[90] and on Perez Hilton's website.[91]

On 21 April 2014, Fox News broadcast an interview with Allan. Allan reiterated her belief that Pistorius had taken acting lessons and highlighted his alleged relationship with a 19 year-old this year.[92] A spokesperson for the Pistorius family has denied the claim that Pistorius took acting lessons. Anneliese Burgess, the media manager for the Pistorius family said the claims were "fictitious" and “totally devoid of any truth”.[89] Burgess continued "We deny in the strongest terms the contents of her letter in as far it relates to our client and further deny that our client has undergone any acting lessons or any form of emotional coaching."[93] Allan's claims have been reported internationally, appearing in respected newspapers such as France's Le Figaro,[94] Spain's El País[95] and Italy's La Stampa.[96]

Allan's piece also had an impact on the case proceedings. Social worker Yvette van Schalkwyk said that she decided to testify in Pistorius' defence after reading what was said about the athlete in the media. van Schalwyk alluded to Allan's column when she explained her motives: “What upset me was the fact that they said he had acting training, that he just put on a show and just started crying when it was needed.”[97]

Animal rights advocacy[edit]

On social media, Allan describes herself as an "animal rights activist". Her recent journalism reflects a concern for animal welfare issues. In November 2013 she focused attention on a controversial photograph of US TV personality and trophy hunter Melissa Bachman, posing with a dead lion in South Africa. Allan was vocal about the photograph on social media and published an open letter to Bachman. Allan's piece went viral, garnering over 1 million page views.[98][99] Later that month the South African media reported on Allan's criticism of Victor Matfield and Fourie du Preez after the pair published a photo of a zebra they had hunted.[100][101]

Allan has also targeted rhino poachers in her writing.[102] Most recently Allan published a damning column on animal cruelty practices in Denmark. She strongly condemned the cull of the giraffe, Marius at a Copenhagen zoo. She also singled out whaling in the Faroe Islands.[103]

Allan's involvement in animal rights advocacy and journalism can be traced back to the 1990s when she was working as a Cape Talk presenter and Mweb columnist. On air she championed the cause of the Lipizzan when a local dressage school faced closure. She also worked for the Domestic Animal Rescue Group. She then educated her listeners on the devastating horrors committed against horses as part of gang initiation practices in the Western Cape. She has also discussed the work of the Cape Horse Protection Society and invited representatives onto her show.[104]

After leaving South Africa she continued to highlight animal welfare issues. She appeared on Barry Farber's New York radio show to discuss the Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force and to talk about the mutilation of rhinos.[104] In 2004 WorldNetDaily published a column by Allan on animal cruelty practices in Zimbabwe.[105]

Personal life[edit]

At the University of the Witwatersrand where she was studying the history of art, she met her first husband, the finance magnate and art collector, Gordon Schachat. The couple were together for almost five years and lived together in Linksfield Ridge but after two years of marriage they divorced in 1984, and Allan attributed her burgeoning career as a factor: "I was obsessed with my column. I was intent on becoming the best journalist in the country."[106] They remained friends and Schachat supported Allan's testimony in the 1992 libel suit she brought against Channel 4 in London.[15][107] Allan told a London court that eight years after their marriage breakup, Schachat was her closest friend and described their union as "the right people at the wrong time."[108] In 2014, Allan published a column to her younger self; "Jani, it is a great pity that you didn’t understand what true marriage is. You could have had a different life now, if you had. But you weren’t prepared to go through the ordeal that marriage is. The ordeal being the sacrifice of ego to a relationship. (I am referring of course to your marriage to Gordon.) Marriage is not the sequitut of a love affair. It is the recognition of a new spiritual identity. You didn’t understand that, so yours will be a solitary life."[109]

Allan became a born-again Christian in 1994.[25][49] She returned to South Africa two years later at the urging of her then-partner, the late Mario Oriani-Ambrosini, an IFP MP and Italian expatriate.[110] In early 2001 she was held up at gunpoint outside her Clifton, Cape Town apartment on Victoria Road.[111] She emigrated to the United States later that year. The following year she married Dr Peter Kulish, an American inventor. The couple divorced in 2005.[9][15][112] Allan later wrote about the domestic abuse she suffered during her second marriage.[111]

Eugène Terre'Blanche and libel case[edit]

In December 1987 she was asked at an editorial conference to "go and have tea" with the right-wing militant Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging leader Eugène Terre'Blanche. She later admitted, "I had not heard of him" as she had not been a particularly "political person" and that he was a strange subject for a newspaper she described as "extreme centre".[8] On 31 January 1988, the Sunday Times published Allan's interview with Terre'Blanche for Allan's Face to Face column. In the interview, Allan wrote of her fascination with Terre'Blanche: "Right now I've got to remind myself to breathe ... I'm impaled on the blue flames of his blowtorch eyes."[113] Despite claiming that she became the "heroine of the newsroom" for her frankness, she later told the Sunday Times journalist Stuart Wavell that she regretted describing Terre'Blanche in these terms, not realising the political veneration that would be read into them. She pointed towards the lack of knowledge she had about the Hitler personality cult "It sounds farfetched, but we are only taught South African history at school." Although Wavell identified that the words were not significant compared to her other material; "a perusal of her interviews shows a fondness for such extravagant language."[8] Allan later told a journalist that "From the moment that interview was published, my life was over. It has destroyed my career in South Africa."[27]

Meanwhile, she accompanied the AWB to some of their rallies and reported for her newspaper at the behest of her editor, Tertius Myburgh.[8] Two weeks after the 31 January 1988 interview was published she attended an AWB rally. The rally was also frequented by the world press. She was followed by television crews. Allan later relayed the significance of the episode: "I was an ordinary journalist attending an event with the world press; how come they had footage of me if I hadn't been set up? The cameras were on me the whole time."[8]

Again, she interviewed the AWB leader for the Sunday Times in November 1988, with an interview published by the Sunday after the Wit Wolf (Barend Strydom) massacre in Pretoria.[114] Her words in the January interview were relayed when there was speculation regarding an affair, when they were photographed together at the Paardekraal Monument in Krugersdorp on 27 December 1988. Following the meeting, Terre'Blanche allegedly rammed his BMW through the Paardekraal Monument's gates.[113] The crash prompted police and media appearances, and Allan and Terre'Blanche were photographed together on the Paardekraal monument steps. On the first Sunday of 1989, the Sunday Times published a front page article by Allan with the headline "The REAL story of me and ET and the SAP". In the article, she denied affair allegations and claimed that she and Terre'Blanche had arranged to meet with a media crew at the monument and that she had been commissioned to do a feature on Paardekraal revisited for a London-based news agency. Terre'Blanche asserted that "My relationship with her is absolutely professional" and related to his co-operation for her book project.[115][116]

In light of the controversy, Allan was the subject of a 1988 SABC documentary produced by Pieter Cilliers. Allan discussed her life and addressed the affair allegations in an interview with Carte Blanche co-presenter, Ruda Landman. Allan's colleagues such as the film critic Barry Ronge were also interviewed to discuss their experience of working with Allan.

Allan later spoke about the Paardekraal incident in an interview with the London Sunday Times, remarking that it resembled a "set-up". She explained to Stuart Wavell; "Fifteen police cars appeared and I don't know how many policemen. It was like the movies. I said, 'Am I on Candid Camera?'".[8] Later, relations between the pair cooled and an acrimonious battle ensued in the press,[117] with Allan taking legal action against Terre'Blanche because of repeated nuisance contact. A case of crimen injuria was laid against Terre'Blanche in March 1989 relating to the damaged gates, with Allan subpoenaed as chief witness for the state. Ultimately Allan was not required to testify, and Terre'Blanche was acquitted.[118]

In the early hours of 14 July 1989, the affair allegations and suspicions that Allan was a spy led Cornelius Lottering, member of breakaway AWB group Orde van die Dood, to place a bomb outside Jani Allan's Sandton apartment.[119] The bomb exploded on a wall abutting Allan's apartment and shattered all the windows in the apartment complex up to the seventh floor but there were no casualties in the blast. Allan's newspaper reported in a front-page spread that the attack was a culmination of a campaign of intimidation against her that had included prowlers outside her apartment and telephone death threats. Lottering was subsequently convicted of the assassination attempt.[113][120][121][122][123][124]

In an article published by the Sunday Times on 23 July 1989, Allan recalled a significant episode when Terre'Blanche had drunkenly hammered on her flat door and eventually slept on the doorstep and that she had to step over him the next morning.[125] Despite her objections, her editor, Myburgh, insisted on publishing answering machine messages allegedly by Terre'Blanche, accompanied by a denial by Allan of counter claims that he had made against her. Allan recounted conversations with her editor "After the bomb he said, 'Right, we'll publish the tapes.' I said I didn't think that would be wise, as the security police had told me my life would be in danger. He said, 'We're going to blow them out of the water.'" She had just emerged from a course of traction for her seized back, and was then rushed to hospital with a bleeding ulcer because of the stress.[8][126][127] Allan fled to Britain permanently for security reasons in the same week that the transcripts were published.[128]

In retrospect, in an interview published by the London Sunday Times in 1990, Allan questioned whether her association with Terre'Blanche had been orchestrated by her editor, Tertius Myburgh.[8] Despite having become his "blue-eyed girl" she questioned whether Myburgh had used her as part of a National Party government plot to discredit the far right.[8] Several South African journalists have alleged that Myburgh colluded with the South African Bureau of State Security in the 1970s and its successor intelligence agencies in the 1980s.[129][130]

In 1992, Allan sued Channel 4, the British broadcaster, for libel,[131] claiming that in the documentary The Leader, His Driver and the Driver's Wife by Nick Broomfield she was presented as a "woman of easy virtue".[132] Amid a montage of photographs from Allan's earlier days as a photographic model and Sunday Times quotes Broomfield claimed that Jani Allan had had an affair with Terre'Blanche. The documentary-maker and his crew were following the AWB and its activities for the documentary that was watched by 2.3 million Channel 4 viewers.[133]

During the trial, Channel 4 denied the claim that they had suggested Allan had an affair with Terre'Blanche. Prior to the case, Allan had been awarded £40,000 in out-of-court settlements from the Evening Standard and Options magazine over suggestive remarks made about the nature of Allan's association with Terre'Blanche.[134] Allan was represented by the late Peter Carter-Ruck in the case and Channel 4 was represented by the late QC George Carman.[135] Carman described the case as rare in that it had "international, social, political and cultural implications."[136]

The case sparked intense media interest in both Britain and South Africa, with several court transcripts appearing in the press. Allan famously told Carman, "Whatever award is given for libel, being cross-examined by you would not make it enough money."[137] Several character witnesses were flown in from South Africa.[26]

Terre'Blanche submitted a sworn statement to the London court denying that he had had an affair with Allan, saying "All these attempts to exaggerate the extent of my relationship with Miss Allan will ultimately be seen for what they are - a pack of lies."[138] Allan's case was dealt a heavy blow by the statements of her former flatmate, Linda Shaw, the Sunday Times astrologer. Shaw testified in court that Allan had told her that she was in love with Terre'Blanche and wanted to marry him. She admitted that she knew about the relationship early on and that Allan had described Terre'Blanche as a "great lay, but a little heavy".[139] Allan rebuffed these claims in court, describing Terre'Blanche's physical appearance unfavourably: "I've always thought he looked rather like a pig in a safari suit."[107] Shaw described how she had peeped through a keyhole and witnessed Allan in a compromising position with a large man. Allan's QC, Charles Gray dismissed Shaw's "wildly unlikely" testimony and stressed the physical impossibility of her claim. He continued to express that her field of vision through the keyhole would not be sufficient to support her claim.[140]

Shaw also testified that four months later, in September 1988, she got drunk with Allan and accompanied her to a 1 am rendezvous with Terre'Blanche. She alleged she watched from a wall as the couple kissed, embraced and fondled for half an hour in the back of Allan's car.[107] Terre'Blanche denied ever having met Shaw.[138] Allan alleged that Shaw had sinister motivations for testifying against her, saying "she has told people she was obsessed with me and that was the only way she could exorcise me. She was openly bisexual." She also agreed with the statement that Shaw was a "habitual liar" and continued "I disapproved of the number of men she had traipsing into her bedroom and suggested she should have a turnstile on her bedroom door".[141] Andrew Broulidakis, a childhood friend of Allan's who also knew Shaw, brought into question the latter's character in a draft statement supplied to the court.[47][107] Sebastian Faulks remarked in The Guardian: "What is it that makes George Carman worth £10,000 a day when plaintiffs witness Andrew Broulidakis was so easily able to wrong foot him."[142] A witness also alleged that Shaw had disparagingly referred to Allan as a "frigid bitch" and it would be a "scream" to have her "nailed for gang-banging Nazis".[143] Shaw also faced allegations that she had deliberately gotten pregnant to ensnare a boyfriend[144] and that she had said "I Never trust a man until I've slept with him."[145]

Further testimony was given by AWB financial secretary Kays Smit. Smit testified that Allan had phoned her to come and remove a drunken Terre'Blanche from her flat early one morning because Allan was expecting someone and was anxious to get rid of him. Smit testified to finding Terre'Blanche on Allan's couch "naked except for a khaki jacket around his shoulders and a pair of underpants". Her description of Terre'Blanche's green underpants with holes in them became the source of much ridicule in the press.[139] Additional testimony against Allan was given by former colleague Marlene Burger, who claimed Terre'Blanche had proposed to Allan in April 1989. According to Burger, Allan was thrilled and asked Burger to be her bridesmaid. Gray countered that the claims were "utterly unfounded and wholly untrue".[107]

On day 2, Allan's 1984 diary was delivered to Carman's junior counsel and used against Allan in cross examination. The notebook contained details of Allan's sexual fantasies about a married Italian airline pilot named Ricardo and it cast doubt on her professed celibacy. Allan told the court that her relationship with Ricardo only included "a degree of sexual foreplay". The judge said that any finding that Allan had lied about the extent of this relationship did not mean she had an affair with Terre'Blanche, who de described as "a very different man".[146] The diary's disappearance was investigated by the police, but it was found that the diary had been left in the home of an English couple with whom Allan had resided in 1989.[47] Allan revealed "I was in a traumatic state and I wrote down my worst fears and probably my worst desires," continuing "It was a way of dealing with my sexual problems. [...] This notebook is deeply embarrassing. I wrote it when I was under psychiatric care."[147] Later her former husband Gordon Schachat provided evidence supporting claims Allan had made about her disinterest in sex and citing it as a reason for the breakdown of their marriage.[148] Schachat also rebuffed perceptions in the media about her image: "her sexy public image is totally at odds with her real personality", continuing to describe her as "shy". He insisted she was neither an extreme right-winger or anti-semitic.[107]

On day 11 of the case, Anthony Travers, a former British representative of the AWB and spectator of the court, was stabbed. A court usher received a call saying Peter Carter-Ruck, Allan's solicitor, had been stabbed. This stemmed from a message by Travers who was lying in an alleyway. He said to a passer-by 'tell Carter-Ruck I've been stabbed'. It quickly spread that Carter-Ruck had been stabbed, followed by speculation that he was the intended victim.[47][149] During the trial Jani Allan's London flat was burgled. She said that she received a death threat on a telephone call in the court ushers' offices. The hotel room of a Channel 4 producer, Stevie Godson, was also ransacked.[47]

Allan eventually lost the case on 5 August 1992. The judge found that Channel 4's allegations had not defamed Allan, although he did not rule on whether or not there had been an affair.[139] The outcome received major media attention in South Africa and the United Kingdom, appearing on the front page of seven major newspaper such as The Times, Daily Telegraph, The Independent and The Guardian.[150] Reports later emerged that Allan was considering an appeal and that Terre'Blanche was considering suing the broadcaster for libel.[151][152] Following the verdict, Allan reiterated her stance "I am not, nor have I ever been, involved with Terre'Blanche".[153]

Soon after, several publications speculated about political forces at play during the case. The Independent published details of what it called "dirty tricks" used during the trial. Allan suggested that pro-government forces in South Africa wanted her to lose the case so that Terre'Blanche would be "irreparably damaged" in the eyes of his "God-fearing Calvinist followers". Another interpretation is that the AWB wanted to steal a manuscript of a book she was writing about the organisation. The AWB countered these claims, although Travers described the book as "dynamite."[47] The South African business newspaper Financial Mail published a lead story on 6 August detailing the theory that F.W. de Klerk had orchestrated the libel case to discredit Terre'Blanche and the far right movement in South Africa.[154] In the wake of the trial, Allan started a telephone service, with advertisements promising the journalist's insights into the lives and characters of defense witnesses, Linda Shaw, Marlene Burger and Kays Smit. The South African Sunday Times appealed to the ombudsman to discontinue the £1 a minute service.[155] In March 1993, Die Burger reported that Allan was negotiating an appeal that was projected to be heard at the high court later that year. This was ultimately not pursued.[156]

In 1995, during an interview with Cliff Saunders broadcast by the SABC, she said "The facts of the matter are [that] I did not do any of the things of which I was accused by paid witnesses."[49] She was soon interviewed by Lin Sampson for Playboy and reinforced her disagreement with the defence witnesses. In the favourable article, Sampson described the rage against Allan as "the first public showing of what would become the new South African psychosis". Sunday Times defence witnesses were said to be irate that their shared publisher, Times Media, published the article. The newspaper proceeded to publish an extract of the interview to promote its sister magazine sales.[157]

In a lead story with the Cape Times published in 1996 she spoke about Terre'Blanche; "He is a political Tyrannosaurus Rex ... a henpecked husband who has to remove his boots before he is allowed to enter his wife's pristine kitchen; a narcissist who carries a can of Fiesta hairspray in the pocket of his safari suit ... ".[158]

In a 2002 BBC film Get Carman: the trials of George Carman QC, Allan's case was dramatised [159] together with a number of other high-profile Carmen cases. Allan was portrayed by English actress Sarah Berger in the production starring David Suchet.[160] The Guardian decried Berger's accent for the role as "crude" and "caricature"-like, unlike that of Allan's, described as "relatively cultured and by no means excessively strong South African accent".[161]

The libel suit is mentioned amid a montage of photos and camera footage of Jani Allan and reporters outside the London court in 1992, in the 2006 Nick Broomfield sequel His Big White Self, a sequel to The Leader, His Driver and the Driver's Wife, the documentary that spawned the libel suit.

Her name appeared extensively in the international press following the murder of Terre'Blanche on 3 April 2010.[162] In an exclusive interview with the Daily Mail she revealed "I suppose at some level I always thought he would come to a very violent end. He lived a violent existence and I knew he wasn't going to die peacefully in bed. I think he knew it too." She also told the newspaper that she believed his murder was politically orchestrated.[15] In 2012, Terre'Blanche's widow, Martie denied allegations of an affair between her late husband and Allan.[163]Allan also reasserted that she believed affair allegations were orchestrated by South African intelligence services. Despite defending affair claims she made, Linda Shaw also agreed with Allan's assertion that intelligence services used the story to discredit Terre'Blanche and the far-right movement.[15]

In March 2014, Andile Mngxitama, a radical black consciousness activist with the Economic Freedom Fighters addressed Allan in a column published by the Mail & Guardian. Mngxitama wrote: "I believe she [Allan] was punished as part of the general white psyche designed to shirk responsibility by sacrificing one or two whites to absolve the rest from blame. Allan’s association with Terre'Blanche was used as a mechanism to claim moral superiority so that collective accounting for the oppression of blacks is removed from view. She is basically a scapegoat."[164]

Spy allegations[edit]

In 2000 reports emerged that Allan's London employer and SABC journalist, Cliff Saunders was in a pay dispute with South Africa's intelligence services over services rendered in the past. According to reports, Saunders had also recruited another journalist, revealed to be Allan to spy on the activities of the Inkatha Freedom Party in 1995–1996.[165][166] Allan responded to these claims in writing an article for the The Sunday Independent where she admitted she had been an "unwitting spy" in London.[25][167][168]

Allan revealed that she believed she was working as a researcher and journalist at Newslink International, a news agency. Instead she was working for Geofocus SA, a front company with a focus to spy. Allan became suspicious over the handling of money and for the concentration of her research on right wing political groups. Allan was able to break into Saunders' computer files when he was temporarily incapacitated and had not changed the code. Allan made copies of the files and provided them as evidence in her Sunday Independent story. The files revealed that he sought to infiltrate the IFP through Allan's friendship with Mangosuthu Buthelezi. Allan was also expected to cultivate a relationship with Buthelezi's chief adviser, Mario Oriani-Ambrosini. In another print out, Saunders wrote to the intelligence services; "As far as she is concerned she is simply assisting me with one of my consultancy projects. Once she begins receiving money she is compromised ... and will have to continue. This technique is the well-known one you guys taught me."[169] Allan's revelations made headlines around South Africa as well as overseas in Britain's Daily Mail where Nigel Dempster focused on Allan's involvement.[170]

Bibliography[edit]

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External links[edit]