Janjgir–Champa district

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Janjgir–Champa district
जांजगीर-चाम्पा जिला
District of Chhatisgarh
Location of Janjgir–Champa district in Chhatisgarh
Location of Janjgir–Champa district in Chhatisgarh
Country India
State Chhatisgarh
Headquarters Janjgir
Tehsils 10
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1
 • Assembly seats 6
Area
 • Total 3,853 km2 (1,488 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,620,632
 • Density 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban 225,199
Demographics
 • Literacy 73.7%
 • Sex ratio 986
Average annual precipitation 1157.1 mm
Website Official website

Janjgir–Champa is a district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh and is a small developing district. The District Headquarters Janjgir of the district Janjgir–Champa is the city of Maharaja Jajawalya Dev of Kulchury dynasty. Earlier a part of the Bilaspur district, Jangir was carved out in 1998 to a separate district of its own, and ran to a political controversy about the name of the freshly minted district, which it carries to date as the name "Janjgir–Champa". Inhabitants are generally migrants from nearby villages.

History[edit]

The District was established on 25 May 1998, which is best known as The heart of Chhattisgarh because of its central locality in state. The Vishnu Mandir of the district reflects its golden past.

Geography[edit]

The Hasdeo–Bango project has been considered as life supporting canal for this district. Under this project 3/4 area of the district will be covered for irrigation. The district headquarters of Janjgir–Champa is Janjgir, which is situated on National Highway 49. Janjgir is 43 km from Bilaspur and 152 km from State capital Raipur through the road route.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Janjgir–Champa district is divided into five subdivisions: Champa, Dabhara, Janjgir, Pamgarh, and Sakti.

There are ten tahsils: Akaltara, Baloda, Champa, Dabhara, Jaijaipur, Janjgir, Malkharoda, Nawagarh, Pamgarh, and Sakti.

There are fifteen R.I. mandals: Akalatara, Baloda, Bamhindih, Champa, Chandrapur, Dabhara, Hasod, Jaijaipur, Janjgir, Malkharoda, Nawagarh, Pamgarh, Rahod, Sakti, and Shivarinarayan.

There are nine blocks/janpad panchayats: Akaltara, Baloda, Bamhindih, Dabhara, Jaijaipur, Malkharoda, Nawagarh, Pamgarh, and Sakti.[1]

Economy[edit]

Janjgir–Champa district is a major producer of food grains in the state. It is a major hub for agricultural trade and a major local market for fresh farm supplies and the district is also famous for lime stone.

Janjgir–Champa district is one of the fastest growing district of India, as 52 power plants are being opened in the district. Janjgir is going to become the "power hub" of our country, which will supply 15 to 20 thousand megawatt electricity. Wardha Power Plant(6 x 600 MW) which is 2nd biggest upcoming private thermal power plant of Asia is one of the major thermal power plant of the district.

Transport[edit]

Railway[edit]

District headquarters Janjgir is connected with Rail Line of South-Eastern Railway. It is situated on Howarah—Mumbai main line. State capital Raipur is 152 KM from Janjgir through Rail route. The main railway stations of district Janjgir–Champa are Champa, Naila and Akaltara. The railway station of Janjgir is called Naila after the part of the town in which it is located. There has been several unsuccessful attempts by the local inhabitants to rename it to Janjgir. Nevertheless, attempts are still on and might enjoy success in the future.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Janjgir–Champa has a population of 1,620,632,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[3] or the US state of Idaho.[4] This gives it a ranking of 308th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 421 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,090 /sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.01%.[2] Janjgir–Champa has a sex ratio of 991 females for every 1,000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 73.7%.[2]

Culture[edit]

The Vishnu Mandir is an ancient artistic sample of Vaishnav community.

Tourism and religious place[edit]

Janjgir also carries an old world which is the essence of its existence. Janjgir has been the residence of Annie Funk, a Christian Missionary who lost her life in Titanic. Her house still lies deserted in the city and people often visit the ruins of her house. Further, the Nahariya Baba Temple, a temple dedicated to Lord Hanuman has always been a place of interest for the tourists. Durga mandir is located near the janjgir at sukali in middle of this village just like a heart of village. Manka Devi Mandir of Khokhra is also a peaceful and nicest place of district located between 2 big ponds. Major tourist places are Madanpurgarh, Rishabhtirth, and Vishnu Temple. And major religious place are Shivarinarayan, Kaleshwarnath (Pithampur), Chandrahasini (Chandrapur), Ashtabhuji (Adhbhar), and Laxmenshwar temple (Kharod).

Education[edit]

  • Prince of Peace School, Champa.

Colleges[edit]

  • Indian Institute of Handloom and Textile Technology Champa
  • Govt. M.M.R.Post Graduate college, Champa
  • T.C.L. GOVT. P.G. COLLEGE, Janjgir
  • Govt. Polytechnic college, Janjgir
  • Jajwalyadeo Govt. Naveen Girl's College Janjgir
  • Govt. Engineering college, Janjgir

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About District: Administrative Information". Janjgir–Champa District. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est." 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Idaho 1,567,582" 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°01′01″N 82°34′01″E / 22.01694°N 82.56694°E / 22.01694; 82.56694