|Municipality and Town|
|Motto: Primero México, Después México, Siempre México
(First Mexico, Then Mexico, Always Mexico)
Location of Janos in Chihuahua
|Founded by||Franciscan missionaries|
|Named for||Janos people|
|• Total||6,930.50 km2 (2,675.88 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,369 m (4,491 ft)|
Janos is a municipality in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. It is located in the extreme northwest of Chihuahua, on the border with the state of Sonora and the U.S. states of Arizona & New Mexico. As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 10,953. The municipal seat is the town of Janos, Chihuahua, which shares its name with the municipality.
As of 2010, the town of Janos had a population of 2,738. Other than the town of Janos, the municipality had 315 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) was: Monte Verde (Altamira) (1,087), classified as rural.
The name "Janos" was given by the Janos people, the indigenous inhabitants of the area upon the arrival of the Spaniards. The Janos were probably a sub-tribe or closely related to the Suma people. Neither the Janos nor the Suma survived contact and are now extinct. Franciscan missionaries originally built a mission in the location in 1640, under the name Soledad de Janos. The mission did not, however, survive a series of native revolts and was replaced on 16 October 1686 by a military presidio under Gen. Juan Fernández de la Fuente. The presidio retained control of the area until the municipality was established in 1820.
Towns and villages
The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:
|Name||2010 Census Population|
|Monte Verde (Altamira)||1,087|
|Pancho Villa (La Morita)||812|
|Casa de Janos||399|
|Buenos Aires (Campo Uno)||275|
|Buenos Aires (Campo Cuatro)||213|
- El Berrendo (1)
Adjacent municipalities and counties
- Ascensión Municipality - east
- Nuevo Casas Grandes Municipality - southeast
- Casas Grandes Municipality - south
- Bacerac Municipality, Sonora - southwest
- Bavispe Municipality, Sonora - west
- Agua Prieta Municipality, Sonora - west
- Hidalgo County, New Mexico - north
- "Janos". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014.
- The Janos and Jocomes people of northwestern Chihuahua were probably sub-tribes or closely related to the Suma Indians. Forbes, Jack Douglas (1957). "The Janos, Jocomes, Mansos and Suma Indians". New Mexico Historical Review 32 (4): 319–334, page 322.
- Janos, Chihuahua (Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México)