Janos Municipality

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Janos
Municipality and Town
Motto: Primero México, Después México, Siempre México
(First Mexico, Then Mexico, Always Mexico)
Location of Janos in Chihuahua
Location of Janos in Chihuahua
Janos is located in Mexico
Janos
Janos
Janos
Coordinates: 30°53′16″N 108°11′24″W / 30.88778°N 108.19000°W / 30.88778; -108.19000Coordinates: 30°53′16″N 108°11′24″W / 30.88778°N 108.19000°W / 30.88778; -108.19000
Country  Mexico
State Chihuahua
Municipality Janos
Mission established 1640
Presidio established 1686
Municipality created 1820
Founded by Franciscan missionaries
Named for Janos people
Area(municipality)
 • Total 6,930.50 km2 (2,675.88 sq mi)
Elevation 1,369 m (4,491 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,953
Postal code 31840
Area code(s) 636
Twin cities
Demonym Janosense
Website http://www.janos.gob.mx

Janos is a municipality in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. It is located in the extreme northwest of Chihuahua, on the border with the state of Sonora and the U.S. states of Arizona & New Mexico. As of 2010, the municipality had a total population of 10,953.[1] The municipal seat is the town of Janos, Chihuahua, which shares its name with the municipality.


As of 2010, the town of Janos had a population of 2,738.[1] Other than the town of Janos, the municipality had 315 localities, the largest of which (with 2010 populations in parentheses) was: Monte Verde (Altamira) (1,087), classified as rural.[1]

The name "Janos" was given by the Janos people, the indigenous inhabitants of the area upon the arrival of the Spaniards.[2] The Janos were probably a sub-tribe or closely related to the Suma people. Neither the Janos nor the Suma survived contact and are now extinct. Franciscan missionaries originally built a mission in the location in 1640, under the name Soledad de Janos. The mission did not, however, survive a series of native revolts and was replaced on 16 October 1686 by a military presidio under Gen. Juan Fernández de la Fuente. The presidio retained control of the area until the municipality was established in 1820.

Towns and villages[edit]

The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are:

Name 2010 Census Population
Janos 2,738
Monte Verde (Altamira) 1,087
Fernández Leal 885
Pancho Villa (La Morita) 812
Tres Álamos 670
Casa de Janos 399
San Pedro 336
Buenos Aires (Campo Uno) 275
Altamirano 255
Buenos Aires (Campo Cuatro) 213
Total Municipality 10,953

Other settlements:

Adjacent municipalities and counties[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Janos". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  2. ^ The Janos and Jocomes people of northwestern Chihuahua were probably sub-tribes or closely related to the Suma Indians. Forbes, Jack Douglas (1957). "The Janos, Jocomes, Mansos and Suma Indians". New Mexico Historical Review 32 (4): 319–334, page 322. 

References[edit]