January 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Jan. 17 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Jan. 19

All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 31 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For January 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 5.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

  • Virgin-martyr Prisca, venerated from ancient times in Rome, where a church is dedicated to her on the Aventine (1st or 3rd century)[14]
  • Martyrs Archelais, Thecla and Susanna, three holy virgins, at Salerno (293)[14][note 3]
  • Saint Volusianus of Tours, a married senator who was chosen Bishop of Tours in France and shortly after driven out by Arian Visigoths (496)[14]
  • Saint Liberata of Como, a holy virgin in Como in Italy where with her sister St Faustina she founded the convent of Santa Margarita (580)[14]
  • Saint Leobardus of Marmoutier in Gaul, hermit (593)[1][14]
  • Saint Ninnidh of Inismacsaint (Ireland) (6th century)[1] (see also: January 17)
  • Saint Deicolus, one of the twelve disciples to accompany St. Columbanus in his missionary enterprise (625)[14][note 4]
  • Saint Ulfrid (Wolfred, Wulfrid, Wilfrid), missionary in Germany and Sweden, martyred for destroying an image of Thor (1028)[12][14][note 5][note 6]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

  • Venerable Ephraim the Lesser (the Philosopher) of Georgia (1101)[17]
  • Venerable Cyril, Igumen at Kiev (1146)[18]
  • Saint Joachim, Patriarch of Turnovo (1248)[1][19]
  • Saints Cyril, Schemamonk, and Maria, Schemanun (both c. 1337), parents of St. Sergius of Radonezh.[1][20]
  • Saint Maximus of Serbia, Archbishop of Wallachia (1516)[1][21][22]
  • Venerable Athanasius of Syandemsk, Abbot of Syandemsk (Valaam and Vologda) (1550)[1][23][24]
  • Venerable Athanasius of Novolotsk, Fool-for-Christ (16th-17th centuries)[1][25][26]
  • Saint Alexis (Shushania), Hieromonk of Teklati, Georgia (1923)[1][27]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

  • New Hieromartyr Michael Kargopolov, Priest (1919)[28][29]
  • New Hieromartyr Eugene Isadsky, Priest (1930)[28][29]
  • New Hieromartyr Vladimir Zubkovich, Archpriest of Smolevichi (Belorussia) (1937)[1][28]
  • New Hieromartyrs Nicholas Krasovsky, Sergius Lebedev, Alexander Rousinov, Priests (1938)[28][29]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Venerable Ephraimios is recorded in Sinai Codex 150.
  3. ^ Three holy virgins of the Romagna in Italy who went to Nola in the Campagna in order to escape death, but there too they were accused of being Orthodox, were tortured, taken to Salerno and beheaded.
  4. ^ A monk at Bangor in Ireland, he followed St Columbanus to Burgundy in France, where he helped found the monastery of Luxeuil. Later he founded a second monastery in Lure in the Vosges.
  5. ^ "He was an Englishman of great learning and virtue; and preached the faith, first in Germany; afterwards in Sweden, under the pious king Olas II, who first took the title of king of Sweden; for his predecessors had only been styled kings of Upsal. The good bishop converted many to Christ, till in the year 1028, while he was preaching against the idol Tarstans or Thor, and hewing it down with a hatchet, he was slain by the pagans."[15]
  6. ^ "In Sweden, the passion of ST. ULFRID, Martyr, who was an Englishman by birth, and went to preach to the pagans of that country. ULFRID, also called Wulfrid, was an Englishman, who, in obedience to a divine inspiration, quitted his native land, to preach the Gospel to the pagans of Sweden. His mission was attended with ample success, and many converts were made to the Faith. In his zeal for the destruction of the kingdom of Satan, in the presence of a multitude of people, he attacked the idol of Thor, and hewed it to pieces with an axe. Upon this, the furious idolaters immediately rushed upon the servant of God, and cruelly put him to death on the spot. They also treated his venerable remains with many insults, and cast them into a marsh, thus leaving them, until in better times Ulfrid was venerated as a Martyr of Christ. The commemoration in the old calendars is on the 18th of January."[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n January 18/January 31. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Θεοδούλη ἡ Μάρτυς. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἑλλάδιος, Θεόδουλος, Βοήθος, Εὐάγριος καὶ Μακάριος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ξένη ἡ Μάρτυς. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀθανάσιος ὁ Μέγας. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ St Athanasius the Great the Archbishop of Alexandria. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Μαρκιανὸς. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Venerable Marcian of Cyrrhus in Syria. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Κύριλλος Πατριάρχης Ἀλεξανδρείας. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ St Cyril the Archbishop of Alexandria. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἐφραίμιος. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ a b The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.8.
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Σιλβανὸς ὁ ἐν Παλαιστίνῃ ἀσκήσας. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g January 18. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  15. ^ Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). "St. Ulfrid, or Wolfred, Bishop and Martyr." Volume I: January. The Lives of the Saints. 1866. (Barteleby.com). Retrieved: 2013-03-24.
  16. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. p.24
  17. ^ St Ephraim the Lesser. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  18. ^ Dr. Alexander Roman. January. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰωακεὶμ ἐκ Βουλγαρίας. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ Venerable Schemamonk Cyril, the Father of St Sergius of Radonezh. OCA - Lives of the Saints
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μάξιμος Ἐπίσκοπος Οὐγγροβλαχίας. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ St Maximus the New. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀθανάσιος ἐκ Ρωσίας. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Venerable Athanasius the Abbot of Syandemsk, Vologda. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  25. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀθανάσιος ὁ διὰ Χριστὸν Σαλός. 18 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  26. ^ Righteous Athanasius of Novolotsk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  27. ^ Venerable Hieromonk Alexei of Teklati. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  28. ^ a b c d January 31 / January 18. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  29. ^ a b c (Russian) 18 января (ст.ст.) 31 января 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).

Sources[edit]

  • January 18/January 31. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • January 31 / January 18. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • January 18. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. January. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.8.
  • January 18. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.18-19.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources