January 1910

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1910 : January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December
Jan. 22, 1910: 700 foot tall Metropolitan Life Tower, world's tallest building, completed
Jan. 21, 1910: Seine River overflows its banks in Paris
Jan. 15, 1910: Shoshone River Dam, world's tallest, completed

The following events occurred in January 1910.

January 1, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Russia extended its boundaries to twelve miles off of its coasts.[1]
  • By agreement with the labor union, the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen, American railroad companies in the South implemented a quota against further hiring of African Americans, providing that "No larger percentage of Negro trainmen or yardmen will be employed on any division or in any yard than was employed on January 1, 1910".[2]
  • U.S. President William H. Taft opened the New Year by inviting the general public private citizens to visit him in the White House. He shook hands with 5,575 people.[3]

January 2, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Twelve people in Sawtelle, California (now part of Los Angeles) were fatally poisoned by a contaminated can of pears, served as dessert following dinner at the home of Mrs. D.G. Valdez. Mrs. Valdez, her daughter, five grandchildren, two sons-in-law and three guests all died within days.[4]
  • Born: Charles Douglass, American sound engineer credited with inventing the "laugh track" for television programs (d. 2003)
  • Died: Agnes Booth, 66, American stage actress

January 3, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • The first junior high school classes in the United States began, as a new program in Berkeley, California, was started for seventh, eighth and ninth grade students, at McKinley High School and Washington High School. The idea of the "introductory high school" was conceived by educator Frank Forest Bunker,[5]
  • The first injunction in favor of the Wright Brothers, against their competitors, was issued by a federal court in Buffalo, barring Glenn Curtiss from flying airplanes for profit while the patent infringement case of Wright v. Herring-Curtis was in progress.[6] An injunction was sought by the Wrights the next day against Louis Paulhan. Curtis filed an interlocutory appeal and posted a $10,000 bond to stay the injunction.[7]
  • In a half billion dollar merger agreement, J.P. Morgan's Guaranty Trust Company announced the acquisition of Levi P. Morton's Morton Trust and Thomas Fortune Ryan's Fifth Avenue Trust.[8] On the same day, President Taft conferred at the White House with presidents of the major American railroads, who were unsuccessful in attempting to persuade the President to call off antitrust litigation against the railways.[9]

January 4, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • French aviator Léon Delagrange, who had set a flying speed record the previous Thursday, was killed during an airshow at Bordeaux. The wings on his Blériot monoplane broke as he was making a turn, and he plunged 65 feet to his death.[10]
  • On the same day, aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont escaped fatal injury when his Demoiselle airplane lost a wing at an altitude of 100 feet. He was entangled in wire, and spared from being thrown on impact, but never piloted an airplane again.[11]
  • French forces under the command of Captain Fiegenschuh were massacred in a battle by the forces of the Sultan Dudmurrah in the Darfur region of the Sudan.[12]

January 5, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The Montreal Canadiens played their first game, defeating the Cobalt Silver Kings, 7–6. Edouard "Newsy" Lalonde scored the first Canadiens' goal.[13]
  • Born: Jack Lovelock, New Zealand track star, 1500 m Olympic medalist in 1936, in Crushington athlete (killed in accident, 1949)
  • Died: Léon Walras, 75, French economist, founder of theory of general economic equilibrium

January 6, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

January 7, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • The Pinchot-Ballinger controversy, which would ultimately split the Republican Party and lead to the election of Woodrow Wilson as President of the United States, began when President Taft ordered the firing of Forestry Director Gifford Pinchot. Pinchot's criticism of Interior Secretary Richard Ballinger, including a letter read on the floor of Congress, led to the dismissal. "By your conduct you have destroyed your usefulness as a helpful subordinate of the government", Taft wrote, "and it therefore now becomes my duty to direct the Secretary of Agriculture to remove you from your office as the Forester."[15]
  • Hubert Latham became the first person to fly an airplane to an altitude of more than one kilometer, breaking his own world record at Mourmelon-le-Grand, France.[16]
  • Born: Orval Faubus, Governor of Arkansas 1955–1967, at Huntsville, Arkansas (d. 1994)

January 8, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

January 9, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

January 10, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • Parliament was dissolved in the United Kingdom, and new elections were held over a two-week period beginning on January 15.[19]
  • Died: Chief Charlo, 79, Chief of the Bitteroot Salish Indian tribe from 1870 to 1910

January 11, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 12, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 13, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The first radio broadcast of a live musical performance took place from New York's Metropolitan Opera, which inaugurated use of a new system set up by Lee DeForest. The one act opera "Cavalleria rusticana" was "borne by Hertzian waves over the turbulent waters of the sea to transcontinental and coastwise ships, and over the mountain peaks, amid undulating valleys of the country" [23] with the aid of a microphone connected to a 500 watt transmitter. Wireless receivers at buildings on Park Avenue, the Metropolitan Life Building, and Times Square picked up the broadcast, as did radio sets used by ship operators and amateur radio enthusiasts.

January 14, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Spain's King Alfonso ordered the arrest of 80 high-ranking military officers suspected of plotting a coup, and removed the Captains General of Madrid, Valencia, Valladolid and Coronna. Police surrounded the Military Club in Madrid and took the officers inside into custody.[24]

January 15, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Shoshone River Dam, later the Buffalo Bill Dam, was completed in Wyoming. At 325 feet in height, it was, at that time, the tallest dam in the world.[25]
  • Voting began in the United Kingdom for a new parliament.[26]

January 16, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

January 17, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • By a voice vote, the U.S. House of Representatives unanimously approved a bill calling for statehood for the territories of Arizona and New Mexico.[31] House Resolution 18166, sponsored by Michigan Congressman Edward L. Hamilton, moved on to the United States Senate.[32]
  • Born: Edith Green, as Edith Starret, U.S. Congresswoman (D-Oregon, 1955–1975), in Trent, South Dakota (d. 1987)

January 18, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • John R. Walsh, the 72 year old former President of the Chicago National Bank, began a five-year sentence at the federal prison in Leavenworth. The day before, the United States Supreme Court declined to review the appeal of his conviction for misuse of the funds of the Bank, which had failed in 1906. Walsh had been a self-made millionaire, working his way "from newsboy to the control of millions of dollars in banks, railroads, newspapers and coal-fields" [33]
  • A fire at Constantinople, the Turkish capital of the Ottoman Empire, destroyed the Palace of Charagan, residence of the Sultan, as well as the parliament buildings.[34]

January 19, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 20, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Heavyweight boxing champion Jack Johnson was arrested for assault in New York, but released later.[36] He would defend his title later in the year in the "Fight of the Century" against former champion James J. Jeffries.
  • Born: Joy Adamson, author of Born Free, as Friederike Gessner in Troppau, Austria-Hungary (now Opava, Czech Republic; d. 1980)

January 21, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • 1910 Great Flood of Paris: Two days after heavy rains poured upon France, the Seine River overflowed its banks at 10:50 a.m.[37] Over the next several days, the rains continued and the waters rose 24 feet, overran power stations and blacked out the city, forced hundreds of thousands to flee their homes, and contaminated the water supply with disease. The waters did not begin receding until January 28, and would cause 400 million francs of damage. Flooding also took place of the Doubs river in the Departments of Doubs, Jura and Saône et Loire.
  • Spanish River derailment: A Canadian Pacific train ran off the rails as it was crossing a bridge, plunging into the Spanish River.[38] The final death toll was 63.
  • The U.S. Department of Justice announced that it would seek to break up the "beef trust".[39]
  • Born: Albert Rosellini, Governor of Washington, 1957–1965 (died in 2011)

January 22, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • At 9:30 in the evening, the Vigarano Meteorite split as it fell to Earth in Italy at the locality of the same name, near Emilia. Weighing 11.5 kg (or 25 lb.), the stone that was recovered was the first of the CV chondrites named for Vigarano. CV chondrites are described as the oldest rocks in the solar system [40] The other piece of the meteorite, weighing 4.5 kg, was found a month later. The famous Allende meteorite of 1969 is a CV3.[41]
  • The completion of construction of New York's Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower, at 700 feet tall the world's tallest skyscraper at the time, was celebrated by the company at the Hotel Astor.[42]
  • Born: Harold Geneen, Chairman of ITT, in Bournemouth, England (d. 1997)

January 23, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

January 24, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

  • At the annual meetings of baseball's major leagues, held in Pittsburgh, the National League's schedule committee tentatively approved a resolution to add another 14 games to each team's sechedule, for 168 regular season games.[44] The American League declined to follow suit, so the NL retained a 154 game schedule for 1910, and the next 50 seasons. In 1961, the American League went to the current 162 games, followed by the NL the next year.[45]

January 25, 1910 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 26, 1910 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The Hague Convention of 1907, governing naval warfare, entered into effect by its terms.[48]
  • The Mann Act, sponsored by Congressman James Mann of Illinois, passed the U.S. House of Representatives by a voice vote. The bill made a federal crime of transporting a person in interstate travel (initially by "purchase of a ticket") for purposes of prostitution, punishable by a $5,000 fine, a five-year jail term, or both. The bill moved on to the U.S. Senate.[49]
  • Glenn Curtiss tested the first seaplane, which he had made by attaching a broad main float to the underside, with three takeoffs and landings made at San Diego Bay.[50]
  • As parliamentary elections in the United Kingdom continued, the coalition led by Prime Minister H.H. Asquith retained power. In spite of Asquith's Liberal Party, along with the Labor and Irish Nationalist parties, combined for at least 345 of the 670 seats in the House of Commons. Asquith himself was confronted by angry suffragettes until the police came to his rescue.[51]
  • Carry Nation made her last attempt at wrecking a saloon, as she invaded a dance hall in Butte, Montana, but was warded off by proprietor May Malloy.[52] Nation, who destroyed saloons and taverns at the beginning of the century, would die the following year.[53]

January 27, 1910 (Thursday)[edit]

January 28, 1910 (Friday)[edit]

  • Shortly after the original gift, from Japan, of 2,000 Japanese cherry blossom trees arrived in Washington, D.C., the Sakuras turned out to be unsuitable for replanting. Much to the dismay of First Lady Helen Taft, her husband had to give a presidential order to destroy the trees. Two years later, in the spring of 1912, the cherry blossoms would become a permanent fixture in Washington.[56]
  • Born: John Banner, Austrian-born TV actor famous as "Sergeant Schultz" on Hogan's Heroes, as Johann Banner in Vienna (d. 1973)

January 29, 1910 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The town of Zimmerman, Minnesota, was incorporated as the village of Lake Fremont. After 57 years, the town changed its name to Zimmerman.[57]

January 30, 1910 (Sunday)[edit]

January 31, 1910 (Monday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher C. Joyner, Antarctica and the Law of the Sea (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1992), p100
  2. ^ "Black & Green: The Untold Story Of The African-American Entrepreneur", Ebony Magazine (February 1996), p172
  3. ^ "Taft Shakes Hands With 5,575 Persons", New York Times, January 2, 1910, p1
  4. ^ "Eleven Are Dead From Ptomaines in Tainted Pears", Oakland Tribune, January 5, 1910, p1; "Twelve Poison Victims Buried", Oakland Tribune, January 7, 1910, p4
  5. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, Famous First Facts, 4th Ed., (Ace Books, 1974) p292
  6. ^ "Wright Brothers Get Aeroplane Injunction", Oakland Tribune, January 3, 1910, p1
  7. ^ Tom D. Crouch, The Bishop's Boys: A Life of Wilbur and Orville Wright (W.W. Norton, 1989), p413
  8. ^ "Form Gigantic Merger", Indianapolis Star, January 4, 1910, p2
  9. ^ "Railroad Leaders Appeal In Person",, Indianapolis Star, January 4, 1910, p2
  10. ^ "Delagrange Killed in Bordeaux Flight",New York Times, January 5, 1910, p1
  11. ^ Paul Hoffman, Wings of Madness: Alberto Santos-Dumont and the Invention of Flight (Hyperion, 2003), p275
  12. ^ Mario J. Azevedo, Roots of Violence: A History of War in Chad (Taylor and Francis, 1998), pp71–72
  13. ^ D'Arcy Jenish, The Montreal Canadiens: 100 Years of Glory (Doubleday Canada, 2008), pp16–18
  14. ^ Patrick Manning, Francophone Sub-Saharan Africa, 1880–1995 (Cambridge University Press, 1998), pp64–65
  15. ^ "Pinchot Fired By Taft; 'Usefulness Destroyed'", Atlanta Constitution, January 8, 1910, p. 1; James Chace, 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft & Debs – The Election That Changed the Country (Simon and Schuster, 2004), p. 14.
  16. ^ "UP 3,600 FEET IN AIRPLANE", New York Times, January 8, 1910, p. 1.
  17. ^ A.C. Sinha, Bhutan: Tradition, Transition, and Transformation (Indus Publishing, 2001), p102
  18. ^ Seymour Becker, Russia's Protectorates in Central Asia: Bukhara and Khiva, 1865–1924 (Routledge, 2004), pp218–220
  19. ^ Jeremy Wormell, The Management of the National Debt of the United Kingdom, 1900–1932 (Routledge, 2000), p53
  20. ^ Jeff Rubin, Antarctica (Lonely Planet, 2008), p50
  21. ^ Handan Nezir Akmeşe, The Birth of Modern Turkey: The Ottoman Military and the March to World War I (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005) p106
  22. ^ "One Survivor of Wreck", New York Times, January 14, 1910, p7
  23. ^ "Opera By Wireless Now", Indianapolis Star, January 23, 1910, p26
  24. ^ "Arrest 80 Officers in Spanish Plot", New York Times, January 15, 1910, p3
  25. ^ "Shoshone Project", U.S. Bureau of Reclamation website
  26. ^ "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (February 1910), p161
  27. ^ "To Become Vegetarians", Mansfield (O.) News, January 17, 1910, p2
  28. ^ "150,000 at Cleveland Stop the Use of Meat" Syracuse Herald-Journal, January 25, 1910, p1
  29. ^ "Boycott on Meat is Rapidly Spreading; Men Who Are Blamed For High Price", Atlanta Constitution, January 25, 1910, p1
  30. ^ Paschalis Kitromilides, Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship (Edinburgh University Press, 2008), p94
  31. ^ "Single Statehood Favored By House-- New Mexico and Arizona Are Not to Be Merged-- No Opposition to Measure" Atlanta Constitution, January 18, 1910, p2
  32. ^ Ralph Emerson Twitchell, The Leading Facts of New Mexican History (Torch Press, 1912), p578
  33. ^ "As No. '6,861' Walsh is Lost in Federal Pen", Atlanta Constitution, January 20, 1910, p1
  34. ^ "$16,000,000 Residence of Turkish Sultan in Ruins", Indianapolis Star, January 19, 1910, p1; "Turkish Parliament Buildings Destroyed" Syracuse Herald-Journal, January 20, 1910, p1
  35. ^ Walter J. Boyne, The Influence of Air Power Upon History (Pelican 2003), p36
  36. ^ "Jack Johnson Behind Bars For Assault", Syracuse Herald-Journal, January 21, 1910, p1
  37. ^ Heather Stimmler-Hall, Paris & Île-de-France, (Windsor, 2004), p16
  38. ^ "Forty Eight Killed, 92 Injured, When Train Leaps Into A River", Syracuse Herald-Journal, January 22, 1910, p1
  39. ^ "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (March 1910), p268
  40. ^ University of Ottawa meteorites database
  41. ^ Monica M. Grady, Catalogue of Meteorites (5th ed.), (Cambridge University Press, 2000), p513
  42. ^ "Metropolitan Life Has Jubilee Dinner", New York Times, January 23, 1910, p12
  43. ^ (From page 1 of the Syracuse Herald-Journal) "All France Menaced By Great Floods; Paris Trembles at Approach of Torrent", (January 24, 1910); "National Disaster is Fear of France as Rains Continue" (January 25); "Over 100,000 Persons Are Homeless; France Cannot Stem Rising Deluge" (January 26); "Paris is in Terror As Fever Epidemic Swells Death Roll" (January 27); "Destruction of Paris By Yellow Tide Continues; Roaring Waters Under City Spread Fer of Horror" (January 28); "Paris Cries In Agony, 'Will End Never Come?'; Officials Are Hopeful When Clouds Vanish" (January 29)
  44. ^ "168 or 154 Games?", Atlanta Constitution, January 24, 1910, p9; "National League To Play 168 Games", Atlanta Constitution, January 25, 1910, p5
  45. ^ David Q. Voigt, American Baseball: From the Commissioners to Continental Expansion (Pennsylvania State University Press, 1983), p38
  46. ^ Thomas Gouge, Exodus from Capitalism: The End of Inflation and Debt (iUniverse, Inc., 2003), p307
  47. ^ Rosaly Lopes, The Volcano Adventure Guide (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005), p286
  48. ^ Dietrich Schindler and Jiří Toman, The Laws of Armed Conflicts: A Collection of Conventions, Resolutions, and Other Documents (Martinus Nijhoff, 1988), p63
  49. ^ "'White Slave' Bill Passed By House", Atlanta Constitution, January 27, 1910, p2;
  50. ^ Ray Bonds, The Illustrated Directory of a Century of Flight (MBI Pub. Co., 2004), p25
  51. ^ "Asquith Election Followed By Riot", Indianapolis Star, January 27, 1910, p12
  52. ^ "Carrie Nation Loses Bonnet In Red-Light District Fight", Oakland Tribune, January 27, 1910, p1
  53. ^ Edward Wagenknecht, American Profile, 1900–1909 (University of Massachusetts Press, 1982), p183
  54. ^ Government of Norway website
  55. ^ + 1911+%22tar+heels%22&source=bl&ots=o6OC9OZcjP&sig=AZ6JXF1xwX_jrzen-in81BxJD7Q&hl=en&ei=asYiS8mZC8-0tgfsycjdBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CAgQ6AEwADgK#v=onepage&q=%22January%2027%22%201911%20%22tar%20heels%22&f=false University of North Carolina Basketball, by Adam Powell and Phil Ford (Arcadia Publishing, 2005), p9
  56. ^ "Insect Infestation Initially Derailed Japan's Cherry Tree Gift to Nation", cbp.gov
  57. ^ "Zimmerman – The Town with Two Names", Baldwin Township MN website
  58. ^ Charles D. Cohen, The Seuss, the Whole Seuss, and Nothing But the Seuss: A Visual Biography of Theodor Seuss Geisel (Random House 2004), pp192–193
  59. ^ "Cherry Mine Disaster Duplicated in Colorado", Colorado Springs Gazette, February 1, 1910, p1