January 1911

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The following events occurred in January 1911:

January 18, 1911: Eugene Ely lands airplane on ship
January 2, 1911: Siege of Sidney Street

January 1, 1911 (Sunday)[edit]

January 2, 1911 (Monday)[edit]

January 3, 1911 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 4, 1911 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 5, 1911 (Thursday)[edit]

January 6, 1911 (Friday)[edit]

  • U.S. President Taft refused to grant a pardon to H.S. Harlan, a wealthy lumber and turpentine factory manager convicted of labor violations, and signaled that he would not keep white collar criminals from serving prison time. "Fines are not effective against men of wealth," Taft wrote, adding that to relieve "men of large affairs and business standing" from incarceration "would be to break down the authority of the law with those of power and influence... What is worse, it would give real ground for the contention so often heard that it is only the poor criminals who are really punished." [19]
  • Died: Sir John Aird, 77, architect of the Aswan Dam; George Walker, African-American comedian, 38.

January 7, 1911 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The world's first downhill skiing race was held, taking place at Crans-Montana in the Alps of Switzerland. Lord Roberts of Kandahar, British war hero, sponsored the trophy, the Roberts of Kandahar Challenge Cup.[20] Twenty competitors climbed to a hut at the Plaine Morte glacier and then made the 4,000 foot descent.[21] Cecil Hopkinson of Britain was the first winner.[22]
  • Monaco's Prince Albert I promulgated that nation's first constitution in response to protests against the absolute monarchy in the tiny European principality.[2][23]

January 8, 1911 (Sunday)[edit]

January 9, 1911 (Monday)[edit]

  • A panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals reversed a federal court decision that had granted inventor George B. Selden an exclusive patent for the automobile. Henry Ford, who had been sued for damages in the form of royalties owed to Selden's Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers (ALAM) had lost to Selden in September. Ford posted a $350,000 bond to fight the appeal and the Court ruled that Selden's patent was limited. Victorious, Ford was cleared to create the nation's largest automobile company.[25]

January 10, 1911 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 11, 1911 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Dr. Russell A. Hibbs performed the first spinal fusion, at the New York Orthopedic Hospital. Applying techniques learned from knee surgery to the vertebrae of the spine, Dr. Hibbs operated upon a patient with spinal tuberculosis to prevent further progression in the curvature of the spine.[28]
  • Created to promote research in the natural sciences in Germany, the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (Kaiser-Wilhelm Gesellschaft) was founded in Berlin.[29]
  • Emilio Estrada was elected as President of Ecuador.[2]
  • Southern Arkansas University began its first classes, with 75 students and 5 instructors beginning their term at what was then called the "Third District Agricultural School". In 1925, it was renamed Magnolia A & M College, and in 1951, Southern State College. The current name was adopted in 1976.[30]
  • The town of Mamou, Louisiana was incorporated.

Born: Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan from 1980 to 1982; (d. 2004).

January 12, 1911 (Thursday)[edit]

  • An earthquake in Russia, at Vyerny, killed more than 250 people.[2][31]
  • For the second time in three days, Rapid City set a weather record. At 6:00 in the morning, the temperature in the South Dakota city was an unseasonable 49 degrees. Over the next two hours, the temperature dropped 62 degrees to 13 below zero.[32]

January 13, 1911 (Friday)[edit]

  • De Nachtwacht, painted in 1642 by Rembrandt van Rijn, was vandalized for the first time at the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. A recently unemployed cook slashed through the 209 year old canvas with a knife. On September 14, 1975, a retired schoolteacher cut through the 333 year old painting and tore off a section in the center, and on April 6, 1990, another vandal sprayed sulfuric acid on the now 358 year old masterpiece, which has been restored each time.[33]
  • Born: Joh Bjelke-Petersen, Premier of Queensland (d. 2005)

January 14, 1911 (Saturday)[edit]

January 15, 1911 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Wu Tingfang addressed a crowd of 40,000 at the Zhang Gardens in Shanghai and announced that he had cut off the queue which he had worn in his hair as a sign of deference to the Qing dynasty, then urged the crowd to follow suit. At least 1,000 did so, and others followed suit as publicity spread.[35]

January 16, 1911 (Monday)[edit]

  • Paraguay's President Manuel Gondra was forced to resign after less than two months in office. The Congress of Paraguay elected Minister of War Colonel Albino Jara to succeed him, though Jara would be sent into exile on July 6.[36]
  • The town of Millersburg, Iowa, was incorporated.
  • The first military reconnaissance flight by airplane in India, and possibly in the world, was conducted by the British Indian Army from Aurangabad.[37]

January 17, 1911 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 18, 1911 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Eugene B. Ely became the first person to land an airplane on a ship, bringing his Curtiss biplane down on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania, anchored thirteen miles out to sea from an airfield in San Francisco. A 127 foot long wooden platform had been built on the Pennsylvania, and 22 ropes strung across it. Ely's plane had three hooks on the undercarriage, to catch the ropes as the plane landed. Captain Charles F. Pond of the Pennsylvania praised the flight as "The most important landing of a bird since the dove flew back to the ark" [44]

January 19, 1911 (Thursday)[edit]

  • In Philadelphia, Dr. Edward Martin performed the first cordotomy on a human being for the relief of intractable pain, with the assistance of neurologist Dr. William Spiller. The two published their results the following year.[45]
  • The legislatures of both Ohio and Kansas ratified the proposed 16th Amendment to the United States Constitution, providing for the collection of a federal income tax.[2] After a discovery was made in 1953 questioning Ohio's statehood, the validity of the 16th Amendment was challenged, although 41 other states also ratified the amendment.[46]
  • Born: Busher Jackson, Canadian NHL player and Hall of Fame enshrinee, in Toronto (d. 1966) Ken Nelson, American record producer and Country Music Hall of Fame enshrinee, in Caledonia, Minnesota (d. 2008)

January 20, 1911 (Friday)[edit]

January 21, 1911 (Saturday)[edit]

January 22, 1911 (Sunday)[edit]

January 23, 1911 (Monday)[edit]

  • Bestselling author David Graham Phillips was murdered in New York by a man who had been offended by his latest novel, The Fashionable Adventures of Joshua Craig. Fitzhugh Goldsborough shot Phillips five times, then shot himself. The motive, police learned later, was that Goldsborough imagined that a character in the book was based on his sister. Phillips died the next day, after telling doctors, "I can fight two wounds, but not six." [52]
  • Chemist Marie Curie failed in her bid to become the first woman member of France's Académie des Sciences by two votes. From the 58 members, Curie received 28 votes, and Edouard Branly 29. On the next vote, Branly received the majority of 30, and Curie never again stood for membership.[53]
  • Born: Ralph Fults, longest surviving associate of Bonnie and Clyde; in McKinney, Texas. Released from prison in 1944, he lived until 1993.

January 24, 1911 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Kotoku Shusui and ten other persons were hanged, six days after being convicted of conspiracy to assassinate Hirohito, the Crown Prince of Japan.[54]
  • Born: C. L. Moore, one of the first women science fiction authors; as Catherine Lucille Moore in Indianapolis. (d. 1987)

January 25, 1911 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 26, 1911 (Thursday)[edit]

January 27, 1911 (Friday)[edit]

January 28, 1911 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The Diamond Match Company agreed to surrender its patent rights for a substitute for the poisonous white phosphorus, clearing the way for all matches to be safely manufactured.[48][60]

January 29, 1911 (Sunday)[edit]

January 30, 1911 (Monday)[edit]

January 31, 1911 (Tuesday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australia's Centenary of Federation "Introduction to Canberra"
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (February 1911), pp159–162
  3. ^ Country Studies: Nicaragua
  4. ^ text of statute
  5. ^ brctamps.com
  6. ^ Toccoa Falls College Alumni Association
  7. ^ The History of Scouting- 1910 to 1919
  8. ^ "Bonilla's Flag Up", Washington Post, January 3, 1911, p1
  9. ^ Ivan M. Tribe, Mountaineer jamboree: country music in West Virginia (University Press of Kentucky, 1996) p92; "Ray Myers — Armless Musician"
  10. ^ "Thousands Dead Or Hurt In Earthquake", Pittsburgh Press, January 5, 1911, p. 1.
  11. ^ "Reds Die in Flames Battling with Troops", Washington Post, January 4, 1911, p1
  12. ^ "Honouring an anarchist: Fury as Siege of Sidney Street killer gets tower block plaque", Daily Mail, September 26, 2008
  13. ^ "Maine Hulk Gives up Dead", Washington Post, January 4, 1911, p1
  14. ^ "Postal Banks Opened", Washington Post, January 4, 1911, p1; National Postal Museum
  15. ^ Bruce Hall, Tea That Burns: A Family Memoir of Chinatown (Simon and Schuster, 2002) p159
  16. ^ Apsley Cherry-Garrard, The Worst Journey in the World (BiblioBazaar, LLC, 2009) p52
  17. ^ James D. Szalontai, Teenager on First, Geezer at Bat, 4-F on Deck: Major League Baseball in 1945 (McFarland, 2009) p144
  18. ^ Kappa Alpha Psi Centennial
  19. ^ "Prison Necessary for Rich Men — Taft", Milwaukee Sentinel, January 6, 1911, p1
  20. ^ "The Olympic Winter Games: Fundamentals and Ceremonies", by Marie-Helene Roukhadze (International Olympic Committee, 2002)
  21. ^ "Downhill Racing", by Arnold Lunn, The Atlantic magazine (February 1949)
  22. ^ SkiingHistory.org
  23. ^ "Monaco Gets Constitution: Prince Albert Proclaims It as Gift to His 1,200 Subjects", New York Times, January 8, 1911
  24. ^ David McGonigal, Antarctica: Secrets of the Southern Continent (Frances Lincoln Ltd., 2009) p39
  25. ^ David L. Lewis, The Public Image of Henry Ford: An American Folk Hero and His Company (Wayne State University Press, 1976) p24; Steven Watts, The People's Tycoon: Henry Ford and the American Century (Random House, Inc., 2006) p165; "Auto Maker Win Suit Over the Selden Patent", The Day (New London, CT), January 10, 1911, p1
  26. ^ National Weather Service, "South Dakota Weather History and Trivia"
  27. ^ City of Gladstone
  28. ^ Robert H. Wilkins, Neurosurgical Classics II (Thierne, 2000) p498; "The Hibbs Society"
  29. ^ Heinz Sarkowski, Heinz Götz, Springer-Verlag: 1842–1945, Foundation, maturation, adversity (Springer Science & Business, 1996) p190
  30. ^ Encyclopedia of Arkansas online
  31. ^ "204 Are Killed by Earthquake", Pittsburgh Press, January 14, 1911, p2
  32. ^ National Weather Service, "South Dakota Weather History and Trivia"; Barbara Tufty, 1001 questions answered about hurricanes, tornadoes, and other natural air disasters (Courier Dover Publications, 1987) p286
  33. ^ Harvey Rachlin, Scandals, vandals, and Da Vincis: a gallery of remarkable art tales (Penguin Group, 2007) p74
  34. ^ "The Early Explorers"; Roald Amundsen, The South Pole: An Account of the Norwegian Antarctic Expedition in the "Fram" 1910–1912; Barbara Saffer, Polar Exploration Adventures (Capstone Press, 2001) p30
  35. ^ Karl Gerth, China Made: Consumer Culture and the Creation of the Nation (Harvard Univ Asia Center, 2004) p87
  36. ^ "Paraguay", in The New International Year Book: A Compendium of the World's Progress for the Year 1911 (Dodd, Mead and Co., 1912) p538
  37. ^ J.A. Khan, Air power and challenges to IAF (APH Publishing, 2004) p17
  38. ^ "Announce Plan for a Central Bank", Pittsburgh Press, January 17, 1911, p3
  39. ^ "Attempted to Murder M. Briand", Pittsburgh Press, January 17, 1911, p1
  40. ^ Alden Hatch and R. L. Rasmussen, Glenn Curtiss: Pioneer of Aviation (Globe Pequot, 2007) p212; CERES: State Historical Landmarks
  41. ^ "Three Died in Tower of Submarine", Pittsburgh Press, January , 1911, p3
  42. ^ W. Barksdale Maynard, Woodrow Wilson: Princeton to the Presidency (Yale University Press, 2008) p252
  43. ^ John Gassner, Best Plays of the Early American Theater (Courier Dover Publications, 2000) pxlv
  44. ^ Chester G. Hearn, Carriers in Combat: The Air War at Sea (Stackpole Books, 2007) pp 6–7; "Flies to Warship, then back Again", New York Times, January 20, 1911, p1
  45. ^ Frederick A. Lenz, et al., The Human Pain System: Experimental and Clinical Perspectives
  46. ^ "Hundreds still fight income tax setup", Tuscaloosa (AL) News, February 20, 1978, p1; "Ohio Now Is Legally One Of Us", Tuscaloosa News, August 4, 1953, p4
  47. ^ Elliot S. Valenstein, The war of the soups and the sparks: the discovery of neurotransmitters and the dispute over how nerves communicate (Columbia University Press, 2005) p105. ISBN 0-231-13588-2.
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Record of Current Events", The American Monthly Review of Reviews (March 1911), pp287–290
  49. ^ Robert M. LaFollette, "The Beginning of a Great Movement", LaFollette's Weekly Magazine, February 4, 1911, p7
  50. ^ Nathan Miller, Theodore Roosevelt (HarperCollins, 1994) p518
  51. ^ Le Baron Prince, A Concise History of New Mexico (1914), in timelines.com
  52. ^ Jay Robert Nash, The Great Pictorial History of World Crime: Murder (Scarecrow Press, 2004) pp831-832; "PHILLIPS DIES OF HIS WOUNDS; Novelist Shot by Crazy Musician Expires in Bellevue After a Day of Suffering", New York Times, January 25, 1911 p1
  53. ^ Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie, Marie Curie: a biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004) p9
  54. ^ "Japs Execute Anarchists Who Would Kill Mikado", Pittsburgh Press, January 24, 1911, p2; Louis Frédéric, Japan encyclopedia (Harvard University Press, 2005) p566
  55. ^ Stephen Kinzer, Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq (Macmillan, 2007) p76
  56. ^ E. R. Johnson, American Flying Boats and Amphibious Aircraft: An Illustrated History (McFarland, 2009) p3
  57. ^ "Sommer Breaks One Air Record", Pittsburgh Press, January 26, 1911, p1
  58. ^ Paul Gruber, The Metropolitan Opera guide to recorded opera (W. W. Norton & Company, 1993) p531; San Diego Opera
  59. ^ Adam Powell and Phil Ford, University of North Carolina Basketball (Arcadia Publishing, 2005) p10
  60. ^ "Match Patent Ended For Humanity's Sake", New York Times, January 29, 1911, p1
  61. ^ SanDiegoHistory.org
  62. ^ Patricia Hall, Raggedy Ann and Johnny Gruelle: a bibliography of published works (Pelican Publishing, 2001) p33
  63. ^ "AVIATOR DROPS INTO GULF", Pittsburgh Press, January 30, 1911, p1; By John Carver Edwards, Orville's aviators: outstanding alumni of the Wright Flying School, 1910–1916 (McFarland, 2009) p50
  64. ^ Lee Davis, Natural Disasters (Infobase Publishing, 2008) p419
  65. ^ Grant Wacker, Portraits of a generation: early Pentecostal leaders (University of Arkansas Press, 2002) p336; Christianity Guide.com
  66. ^ George C. Wright, "By the Book: The Legal Executions of Kentucky Blacks", in Brundage, Under sentence of death: lynching in the South (UNC Press Books, 1997) p264
  67. ^ James R. Smith, San Francisco's Lost Landmarks (Quill Driver Books, 2004) p129