January 1962

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January 15, 1962: Derveni papyrus located after 23 centuries

The following events occurred in January 1962:

January 1, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

Samoan flag

January 2, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 3, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • A spokesman for Pope John XXIII revealed that Cuban leader Fidel Castro and several other officials had received a decree of excommunication from the Roman Catholic Church in 1961 under two sections of canon law, for impeding bishops in their work and for violence against clergymen. In September, Cuban bishop Eduardo Boza Masvidal and 135 priests had been forced to leave Cuba.[12]
  • The Winemakers' Union of Graves de Vayres was founded.
  • Born: Gavin Hastings, Scottish rugby union player, in Edinburgh

January 4, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Broadway producer David Merrick submitted a full-page advertisement to seven New York City newspapers, with the tagline "7 OUT OF 7 ARE ECSTATICALLY UNANIMOUS ABOUT SUBWAYS ARE FOR SLEEPING", his musical comedy that had opened on December 27 to poor reviews. The ad contained favorable quotes, citing the names of seven well-known theater critics. Merrick had found seven other men with the same names. Next to a photo of the other Howard Taubman was the line ("One of the few great musical comedies of the last thirty years...". The New York Herald-Tribune ran the ad in its first edition before an editor spotted the hoax and alerted the other newspapers.[13]
  • The Transit Authority of New York City introduced a subway train that operated without a crew on board. The "zombie" train kept a motorman on board to deal with any problems.[14]
  • Born: André Rouvoet, Dutch politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the Netherlands 2007-10; in Hilversum
  • Died: Hans Lammers, 82, Nazi leader and Chief of the Reich Chancellery, 1933–1945

January 5, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

  • The first recording on which The Beatles play, the 45 rpm record My Bonnie, credited to "Tony Sheridan and the Beat Brothers" (recorded last June in Hamburg), is released by Polydor in the United Kingdom; "The Saints" is on the B-side.[15][16]
  • Prison inmate Clarence Gideon sent a letter, written in pencil, to the United States Supreme Court, asking them to reverse his conviction for burglary on the grounds that he had not been given the right to an attorney. The Supreme Court granted certiorari and, on March 18, 1963, issued the landmark decision of Gideon v. Wainwright, holding that the Sixth Amendment guarantee, of the right to assistance of counsel, required the appointment of a lawyer for any person unable to afford one.[17]
  • Three crew members were killed in the crash of USAF B-47E-105-BW Stratojet, 52-615, piloted by Major Clarence Weldon Garrett, at March AFB, California. This would be the last fatal crash at that base until 19 October 1978.[18]
  • Born: Massouda Jalal, Afghan politician and women's rights activist in Afghanistan; in Gulbahar

January 6, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

January 7, 1962 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The UK was blanketed with snow in an unusual winter storm. Overnight temperatures of −18 °C (0 °F) were recorded during the morning at Benson, Oxfordshire and Woodford, Greater Manchester in Britain.[20]
  • A bomb exploded at the Paris apartment building where controversial existentianalist author Jean-Paul Sartre lived. Sartre was not home at the time, and his mother was not injured, but the fire destroyed most of his unpublished manuscripts.[21]
  • Soviet theoretical physicist Lev Landau, who would win the Nobel Prize later in the year, was seriously injured in an auto accident, leaving him in a coma for two months. Landau survived, but was never able to return to work, and died on April 3, 1968.[22]
  • An assassination attempt against Indonesia's President Sukarno failed, but the hand grenades thrown at his automobile killed three bystanders and injured 28 others in Ujung Pandang (at that time, Makassar).[23]
  • Born: Aleksandr Dugin, Russian ideologist and advocate of reclaiming the former Russian Empire, and author of The Fundamentals of Geopolitics; in Moscow

January 8, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

SEAL-TEAM1.jpg
SEAL-TEAM2.jpg
  • The first two teams of the United States Navy SEALs, were commissioned as the United States Navy's Sea, Air and Land teams, with an order backdated to January 1, in order to carry out President Kennedy's recommendation for the development of "unconventional warfare capability". SEAL Team One, based in Coronado, California served the Pacific Fleet and SEAL Team Two served the Atlantic Fleet out of Little Creek, Virginia. Each team consisted of 50 men and ten officers.[25]
  • In a closed session at the Presidium, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev delivered what was later referred to as the "meniscus speech", using the analogy of a wineglass filled to the point that it could overflow at anytime. In the speech, which was not revealed until 40 years later, Khrushchev told the ministers that the U.S.S.R. was weaker militarily than the United States, and that the only way to compete against American superiority was to maintain the threat that world tensions could spill over. "Because if we don't have a meniscus," Khrushchev said, "we let the enemy live peacefully."[26]
  • The Yugoslavian freighter Sabac was cut in two by the British steamer Dorington Court in a collision in the English Channel. Only eight of the 33 men on the Sabac survived.[27]
  • Born: Anatoliy Serdyukov, Russian Minister of Defense since 2007; in Krasnodar Krai
  • Died: Maximilian, Duke of Hohenberg, 59, eldest son of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Countess Sophie

January 9, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

January 10, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

January 10, 1962: McCormack elected new U.S. Speaker of the House
  • An avalanche on Mount Huascarán, the tallest peak in Peru killed 4,000 people. At 6:13 pm, melting ice triggered the slide of three million tons of ice, mud and rock down the side of Huascaran, quadrupled in size as it gathered mass, and, within eight minutes, buried the town of Ranrahirca (population 2,700) the village of Yanamachico, and three other villages totaling 800 residents. Ranrahirca, which had only 50 survivors, would be rebuilt, then destroyed again in an earthquake and an even larger avalanche on May 31, 1970.[29]
  • The U.S. House of Representatives elected Majority Leader John W. McCormack of Massachusetts as the 53rd Speaker of the House, to fill the vacancy created by the death of Sam Rayburn. The 253-159 vote was along party lines, with the Democrats voting for McCormack and the Republicans for Minority Leader Charles A. Halleck of Indiana.[30]
  • Eleven coal miners were killed in an explosion at a mine near Carterville, Illinois.[31]

January 11, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Soviet submarine B-37, nine days away from being dispatched to Cuba, was moored at Polyarny, conducting maintenance and pressurizing of outdated gas-steam torpedoes. At 8:20 am, a fire in the torpedo compartment detonated all twelve torpedoes and instantly destroying the submarine. Captain Anatoly Begeba, who had been outside, inspecting the top of the sub, survived. The 78 men inside the sub drowned as it sank to the bottom of the Barents Sea.[32]
  • Piloting the newest model of long-range bombers, the B-52H Stratofortress, crewmembers broke 11 non-stop distance and course-speed records, for its aircraft class and time, when they successfully completed a more than 21 hour non-refueled flight—flying approximately 12,500 miles across the globe.[33]
  • Nelson Mandela secretly left South Africa for the first time, as he was driven across the border to Botswana. From there, he went to Ethiopia to speak at a conference in Addis Ababa. He would tour the continent for the next six months. Upon his return to South Africa on August 5, he would be arrested.[34]
  • Born: Kim Coles, American actress, in Brooklyn, New York

January 12, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

  • Operation Chopper, the first American combat mission in Vietnam, began as the American pilots transported hundreds of South Vietnamese troops to fight against a Viet Cong force near Saigon. Three days later, President Kennedy told reporters at a press conference that American troops were not being used in combat.[35]
  • A spokesman for the Army of Indonesia, Colonel Soenarjo, that soldiers had begun landing on West Irian, the semi-independent western side of New Guinea that remained under the administration of the Netherlands.[36]
  • Born: Richie Richardson, Antiguan cricketer and one time captain of the West Indies cricket team; in Five Islands Village

January 13, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

Comedian Ernie Kovacs killed in car crash

January 14, 1962 (Sunday)[edit]

  • The NFL Pro Bowl, described by some as one that "may have been the best in history",[41] was won by the all-stars of the NFL Western Conference, 31-30, on the last play of the game, before a crowd of 57,409 in Los Angeles.[42]
  • A Netherlands warship sank an Indonesian torpedo boat after it approached the disputed territory of West Irian, a Netherlands colony claimed by Indonesia.[43]
  • Born: Jörgen Elofsson, Swedish songwriter, in Ängelholm

January 15, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

  • After the United Kingdom sought to join the European Economic Community, the Meteorological Office first began using Celsius temperature values in its public weather information, following the Fahrenheit values. In October, the Celsius values were listed first, and by January 1, 1973, when the government entered the EEC and completed its conversion to the metric system, Fahrenheit numbers were only used occasionally.[44]
  • Portugal abandoned the U.N. General Assembly due to the debate over its East African colony in Angola.[45]
  • The Derveni papyrus, written in about 340 BC, was discovered in a cist that had been buried at the site of the Greek city of Derveni, near Thessaloniki. The oldest surviving manuscript in Europe, the papyrus roll contained a commentary on philosophy and religion.[46]
  • A 13-year old boy testified before a Chicago juvenile court judge and confessed to setting the Our Lady of the Angels School fire that had killed 92 children and 3 nuns on December 1, 1958 in Chicago. The boy said that he had asked to be excused from class, then tossed lit matches into a cardboard waste barrel filled with paper.[47] After an investigation, the court concluded that the evidence did not support the boy's confession, and no charges were ever filed.[48]
  • Died: Kenneth MacKenna, 62, American actor and film director

January 16, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • A military coup in the Dominican Republic, led by General Pedro Rodriguez Echavarria, forced President Joaquín Balaguer to resign and to go into exile. Earlier in the day in Santo Domingo, soldiers fired into a crowd of people protesting against the new regime, killing 8 people and wounding many more. Balaguer had been the leader of a council of state with seven civilians, and had pledged to hold elections on February 27, 1963. The junta consisted of two former state council members, two civilians from the old Trujillo government, and three military officers, but had no presiding leader. The other council members were placed under house arrest.[49]
  • Sutan Sjahrir, who had been the first Prime Minister of Indonesia (1945–47), was arrested on orders of the President he had served, Sukarno. He would remain incarcerated for three years, until Sukarno sent him into exile for reasons of health, and would die in 1966.[50]
  • A Strategic Air Command B-47E Stratojet of the 380th Bomb Wing, Plattsburgh AFB, New York, on low-altitude bombing run training mission, was reported overdue at 0700 hrs. After a four-day search, wreckage was spotted in the Adirondack High Peaks. The bomber had clipped the top of Wright Peak (16th tallest mountain in the Adirondacks, at 4580 feet) after veering 30 miles off course in inclement weather, high winds. The remains of Aircraft Commander 1st Lt. Rodney D. Bloomgren, of Jamestown, New York, copilot 1st Lt. Melvin Spencer, and navigator 1st Lt. Albert W. Kandetski were found after a search, but those of Airman First Class Kenneth R. Jensen KWF were never recovered. A memorial plaque was later erected on a rock near the summit by the 380th Bomb Wing.[51][52]
  • The Jackson State Times, an afternoon daily newspaper in Jackson, Mississippi, published its last issue, leaving the city with the two dailies owned by Mississippi Publishers, the Daily News and the The Clarion-Ledger.[53]
  • Died: Ivan Meštrović, 78, Croatian sculptor

January 17, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • United States government workers were given the right of collective bargaining by President Kennedy, in Executive Order 10988.[54]
  • Ten former game show contestants, all of whom had testified under oath that they had not been given answers in advance of their appearances, pleaded guilty to perjury. The most prominent was former Columbia University instructor Charles Van Doren, who had won $129,000 on the program Twenty One.[55]
  • A furniture warehouse fire in the German city of Nuremberg killed twenty employees, including four who jumped from the fourth story of the building.[56] Police arrested one of the survivors, a paper press operator who had worked in the basement and was believed to have accidentally caused the blaze by throwing a cigarette.[57]
  • Frank Sinatra completed the recording of his album All Alone, in Los Angeles.
  • Born: Jim Carrey, Canadian-American actor and comedian, in Newmarket, Ontario
  • Died: Gerrit Achterberg, 56, Dutch poet

January 18, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

January 19, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

  • KGB agents identified Colonel Oleg Penkovsky as the man who was secretly meeting British national Janet Chisholm in Moscow. The agents, who had been shadowing Mrs. Chisholm, had first seen the two together on December 30, and followed Penkovsky to his apartment. Surveillance determined that Colonel Penkovsky, a high clearance official with the Soviet military intelligence agency GRU, had been bringing home classified material relating to ballistic missiles, photographing it, and giving the film to the British intelligence agency MI-6. Penkovsky, whose information alerted the United States to the placement of nuclear missiles in Cuba, would be arrested on October 22, when the Cuban Missile Crisis began, and would be executed on May 16, 1963 for treason.[62]
  • Died: John Beals Chandler, 74, former Lord Mayor of Brisbane; Onn Jaafar, 66, Malay politician; and Snub Pollard, 72, American silent film comedian

January 20, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

The original Lt. Columbo

January 21, 1962 (Sunday)[edit]

January 22, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

1963 Cleopatra trailer screenshot (11).jpg
1963 Cleopatra trailer screenshot (19).jpg
  • While cast in the film Cleopatra, Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor fell in love on the first day of filming the re-enactment of the romance between Mark Antony and Queen Cleopatra, which had taken place in 40 BC. They divorced their respective spouses, Sybil Burton and Eddie Fisher, and married in 1964, divorcing in 1974, remarrying in 1975, and divorcing again in 1976.[66]
  • The Organisation Armée Secrète (OAS), opposed to the independence of Algeria, bombed the French Foreign Ministry, by placing a time bomb inside a truck that was going into the compound. A mailroom worker was killed, and three people were seriously injured by the shattering of hundreds of windows at the Quai d'Orsay. Gunmen from the OAS also kidnapped a member of Parliament, Dr. Paul Mainguy, who was rescued that afternoon by French police.[67]
  • The Organization of American States (OAS) suspended Cuba's membership. Whilst technically still a member, the Cuban government was denied the rights of representation, attendance at meetings and[68]
  • Born: Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, constitutional head of state of Malaysia (2006-2011); in Kuala Terengganu 17th Sultan of Terengganu (since 1998) and

January 23, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

Robinson
Feller
  • In his first year of eligibility, Jackie Robinson was elected to the Baseball Hall Of Fame, receiving 124 of the 160 ballots cast and becoming the first African-American to be enshrined at Cooperstown. In addition to being the first black MLB player of the modern era, Robinson had also been a six time All-Star, the 1947 Rookie of the Year, and the 1949 MVP for the National League.[69] Cleveland Indians pitcher Bob Feller, elected on the same day, was also inducted in his first year of eligibility. It was the first time since the original five selections (Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Walter Johnson, Honus Wagner and Christy Mathewson) that anyone had won 75% of the votes on their first try.[70]
  • Singer Tony Bennett first recorded what would become his signature song, I Left My Heart in San Francisco.Ralph Sharon, who accompanied Bennett's songs on the piano, had been shown the song in 1959 by writers George Cory and Douglass Cross, then put it away in a dresser drawer. Sharon ran across it again when Bennett was invited to perform in San Francisco, and Bennett sang it in December. The song was released as the B-side of Once Upon a Time, and went on to sell two million copies and to win two Grammy Awards.[71]
  • American inventor Thomas Townsend Brown receives U.S. Patent 3,018,394 for an "Electro-kinetic Transducer", a means of using an electric field as a means of propulsion of aircraft.[72]
  • Died: Natlia Sedova Trotsky, 79, widow of Leon Trotsky

January 24, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The East German government instituted conscription into its armed forces, which formerly had been filled by volunteers. Western sources speculated that the East Germans had waited until the completion of the Berlin Wall before announcing the draft.[73]
  • Brian Epstein made a verbal contract with the four members of The Beatles, becoming their manager in return for receiving up to 25 percent of their gross earnings.[74]
  • An attempt by the United States, to launch five satellites into orbit from the same rocket, failed when the final stage of the Thor-Able-Star rocket failed to provide sufficient thrust to break the pull of gravity. Falling into the Gulf of Mexico "well south of Cuba" were the 80 foot rocket and the satellites SR-4, Injun II, Lofti II, Secor and Surcal, worth $3,500,000 altogether.[75]
  • Died: Stanley Lord, 84, Captain of the SS Californian, at the time of the sinking of RMS Titanic nearly 50 years earlier.

January 25, 1962 (Thursday)[edit]

  • Governor of Montana Donald G. Nutter was killed, along with five other people, in a plane crash. Nutter had been on his way from Helena to a speaking engagement in Cut Bank when his C-47 plane went down in a mountain canyon near Wolf Creek. He was succeeded by Lt. Governor Tim M. Babcock.[76]
  • Anandyn Amar, who had served twice as Prime Minister of Mongolia (1928–30 and 1936–39) and Chairman of the Presidium of State (1932–36) before becoming a victim of a purge by Joseph Stalin, was posthumously rehabilitated, more than 20 years after his execution by the Soviet Union on July 27, 1941.[77]

January 26, 1962 (Friday)[edit]

  • The American space probe Ranger 3 was launched to from Cape Canaveral at 3:30 pm local time with the objective of duplicating the Soviet feat of landing a satellite on the Moon. Hours later, NASA announced that the Atlas rocket had hurled Ranger 3 into its trajectory too quickly, and that the probe would miss its target by 22,000 miles.[78] Intersecting the Moon's orbit after 50 hours instead of the planned 66 hours,[79] the spacecraft arrived too soon, got no closer than 22,862 miles from the Moon and went into orbit around the sun.[80]
  • Seventeen employees at the National Steel Company in Volta Redonda, Brazil, were killed when a ladle of molten steel poured down upon them during the morning shift.[81]
  • Died: Lucky Luciano, 64, Sicilian-born American mafioso who had been deported from the U.S. months earlier. Exiled in Italy, Luciano had just greeted film producer Martin Gosch, who had arrived at the Capodichino Airport in Naples to discuss plans for a film about Luciano's life. As the two men walked out of the terminal with policeman Marcelo Resta, Luciano, who had ordered the murder of more than 40 rival gangsters during his career, collapsed from a fatal heart attack at 5:25 pm. A deputy commissioner of the U.S. Narcotics Bureau told reporters later that day that Luciano had been facing re-arrest for his role in a major drug ring.[82] The film, Lucky Luciano, was made eleven years later and released in 1974, with Italian actor Gian Maria Volonté portraying Luciano.
  • Died: Gerald Rudolff Ford, 71, stepfather of future U.S. President Gerald R. Ford, died of injuries after slipping on an ice sidewalk. In 1917, the elder Ford had married Ford's mother and then changed the name of her 3-year old son, Leslie Lynch King, Jr. to his own, with the exception of spelling the middle name as Rudolph.[83]
  • Died: Eunice Gray, 77, in a fire at the Waco Hotel in Fort Worth, Texas, which she had operated for 40 years. Theories abound that Gray was the same person as Etta Place, former girlfriend, last seen in 1907, of the Harry Longabaugh, the Sundance Kid.[84]

January 27, 1962 (Saturday)[edit]

  • With the publication of a January 15 decree of the Supreme Soviet, the Soviet Union changed all street names and place names honoring Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Georgi Malenkov, Lazar Kaganovich and Kliment Voroshilov two months after the five aides to Joseph Stalin had been denounced by the Soviet Communist Party.[85]
  • The planned 7:30 am launch of Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, Jr. was postponed after the countdown clock stopped 20 minutes before liftoff. Glenn had been in the capsule since 5:10 am and was prepared to become the first U.S. astronaut to orbit the Earth, while much of the nation watched live coverage. After technical difficulties halted the countdown, the skies became overcast with thick cloud cover, and the mission was scrubbed at 9:20 am.[86]
  • Peter Snell set a new world record for the mile, running the distance in 3 minutes, 54.4 seconds, at Cook's Gardens, Wanganui. Herb Elliott of Australia had held the record since August 6, 1958.[87]
  • At a major conference in Beijing, Liu Shaoqi, President of the People's Republic of China, criticized the "Great Leap Forward" economic policies of Party Chairman Mao Zedong. "People do not have enough food, clothes or other essentials... agricultural output has dropped tremendously," Liu told the assembly, adding "There is not only no Great Leap Forward, but a great deal of falling backward." Chairman Mao made a rare self-criticism three days later, and eventually took revenge on Liu, who disappeared in 1968 and reportedly died in 1969.[88]

January 28, 1962 (Sunday)[edit]

January 29, 1962 (Monday)[edit]

  • The Automobile Manufacturers Association of the U.S. announced that all 1963 model American vehicles would be equipped with amber-colored turn signals on the front, rather than being the same color as the headlights, which had been the standard since the signals had first been introduced in 1938. The change was made after the manufacturers had lobbied for the repeal of bans in 25 states against amber-colored lights.[92]
  • The Miss Dominican Republic competition was held in Santo Domingo and was won by Sarah Olimpia Frómeta Pou.
  • Born: Olga Tokarczuk, Polish writer, in Sulechów
  • Died: Fritz Kreisler, 86, Austrian violinist

January 30, 1962 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Two of the high-wire "Flying Wallendas" were killed when their famous 7-person pyramid collapsed during a tightrope walking performance at the Shrine Circus at the State Fair Coliseum in Detroit. Dieter Schepp, who had lost his footing and caused the group to topple, and Richard Faughnan both died of head injuries after falling 36 feet to the concrete arena floor. Mario Wallenda was paralyzed as a result of the accident, and Karl Wallenda and Jana Schepp were hospitalized for their injuries.[93]
  • Fourteen of the 21 member states of the Organization of American States voted to oust Cuba. Six other nations abstained, and Cuba voted against the resolution, which barely passed by a 2/3rds majority.[94]
  • Tanganyika laughter epidemic: Three students at a girls' boarding school in the Tanzanian village of Kashasha began laughing, and other students reacted. Within six weeks, 95 of the school's 159 students were laughing uncontrollably, and on March 18, the school closed and sent the pupils back to their home villages. The mass reaction spread to the villages of Nshamba, Ramanshenye, and Kanyangereka and affected hundreds of people before halting in 1963.[95]
  • Born: Prince Abdullah of Jordan, to King Hussein and Princess Muna al-Hussein, formerly Antoinette Avril Gardiner of Britain. He would succeed his father as King Abdullah II in 1999.

January 31, 1962 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Telling reporters that "It's a tradition that the show must go on," tightrope walkers Gunther Wallenda and his father, Herman Wallenda walked the high wire at the Shrine Circus in Detroit, 24 hours after the disastrous had killed two members of the troupe, and put the three others in the hospital.[96]
  • Twenty-eight people had been killed by the fourth day of an unusually heavy fog in the San Joaquin and Sacramento valleys in central California, with the deaths of 11 people on their way to a labor camp in Mendota. Their bus was hit by a Southern Pacific freight train. Since January 28, seventeen other people had been killed on U.S. Highway 99 in accidents related to visibility of less than 100 feet. The cloud cover dissipated by February 2.[97]
  • Arthur Watts relinquished the leadership of the National Party of Western Australia.
  • Born: Alexey Miller, Russian industrialist, in Leningrad
  • Died: Noel Purcell, 70, Irish water polo and rugby international

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Robert D. Craig, Historical Dictionary of Polynesia (Scarecrow Press, 2002) pp72-73
  3. ^ Honey, P. J.. "North Vietnam's Workers' Party and South Vietnam's People's Revolutionary Party", Pacific Affairs, (Winter, 1962-1963), pp. 375-383
  4. ^ JPGR.co.uk
  5. ^ James E. Perone, Mods, Rockers, and the Music of the British Invasion (ABC-CLIO, 2009) p66
  6. ^ "A History of Anglicanism - Part 2: The Anglican Church in Australia"
  7. ^ Tim Beaglehole, A Life of J.C. Beaglehole: New Zealand Scholar (Victoria University Press, 2006) pp462-463
  8. ^ "Alabama Proves Right To No. 1", Miami News, January 2, 1962, p6C
  9. ^ "Wilkins Of NAACP, Lauded by JFK, Asks Campaign Pledges Be Kept", Meriden Record, January 3, 1962, p14
  10. ^ Motorsport Archive
  11. ^ imdb.com
  12. ^ "Vatican Expels Castro", Montreal Gazette, January 4, 1962, p1
  13. ^ Museum of Hoaxes.com; "A 4-Star Smash? Says Who?", Miami News, January 6, 1962, p4A
  14. ^ "Shuttle to Begin Automated Runs", New York Times, January 4, 1962, p21
  15. ^ Everett, Walter (2001). The Beatles as Musicians: The Quarry Men through Rubber Soul. Oxford University Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-0-19-514105-4. 
  16. ^ Spitz, Bob (2005). The Beatles: The Biography. New York: Little, Brown. ISBN 978-0-316-80352-6. 
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  18. ^ The State (Columbia, SC), October 20, 1978, page 3-A.
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  20. ^ "Icy conditions strike after snow". BBC News. 7 January 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
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  23. ^ Angus McIntyre, The Indonesian Presidency: The Shift from Personal toward Constitutional Rule (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005) p46
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  25. ^ Navy Seal History; Bill Fawcett, Hunters & Shooters: An Oral History of the U.S. Navy SEALs in Vietnam (HarperCollins, 2008)
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  27. ^ "ENGLAND: Ships Collide, 25 Sailors Lost", Miami News, January 8, 1962, p1
  28. ^ David Lawrence, Tanzania: The Land, Its People and Contemporary Life (New Africa Press, 2009) p202
  29. ^ "1962: Thousands killed in Peru landslide", BBC.co.uk, "On This Day"; "SLIDE DEATHS MAY TOP 3,000", Spokane Daily Chronicle, January 11, 1962, p1; Lee Davis, Natural Disasters (Infobase Publishing, 2008) p17; McKay Jenkins, The White Death: Tragedy and Heroism in an Avalanche Zone (Random House, 2000) p74
  30. ^ "House Elects McCormack", Miami News, January 10, 1962, p1
  31. ^ "Mine Rescuers Find 11 Bodies", Montreal Gazette, January 12, 1962, p2
  32. ^ Ramsey Flynn, Cry from the Deep: The Sinking of the Kursk, the Submarine Disaster That Riveted the World and Put the New Russia to the Ultimate Test (HarperCollins, 2005) pp27-28
  33. ^ http://archive.is/20130713025755/http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123286043
  34. ^ Martin Meredith, Mandela: A Biography (PublicAffairs, 2011) p209
  35. ^ Jessica McElrath, Everything John F. Kennedy Book: Relive the History, Romance, and Tragedy of Americas Camelot (Everything Books, 2008) p183; News Conference 20 (January 15, 1962), JFKLibrary.org
  36. ^ "Suspects put under arrest", Regina Leader-Post, January 13, 1962, p1
  37. ^ "ERNIE KOVACS DIES AS CAR RAMS POLE", Miami News, January 13, 1962
  38. ^ I. C. Smith and Nigel West, Historical Dictionary of Chinese Intelligence (Scarecrow Press, 2012) p272
  39. ^ "Albania Signs Pact for Peiping Trade", New York Times, January 14, 1962, p13
  40. ^ Lisa Modifica, A Timeline of the White House (Rosen Publishing Group, 2003) p24
  41. ^ "The 1962 Pro Bowl"
  42. ^ "Unitas' TD Pass Beats East in Last 2 Seconds", Milwaukee Sentinel, January 15, 1962, p2-1
  43. ^ "Dutch Warships Sink Indonesian Torpedo Boat", Miami News, January 10, 1962, p1
  44. ^ J. M. Walker, History of the Meteorological Office (Cambridge University Press, 2011) p355
  45. ^ "Portugal Scorns U.N., Walks Out", Montreal Gazette, January 16, 1962, p1
  46. ^ Gábor Betegh, The Derveni Papyrus: Cosmology, Theology and Interpretation (Cambridge University Press, 2007) p56
  47. ^ "Boy Admits Fire Fatal To 95", The Miami News, January 16, 1962, p1
  48. ^ "Clears Boy, 13 in School Fire He Confessed", Chicago Daily Tribune, March 14, 1962, p3
  49. ^ "Balaguer Resigns, Junta Takes Over, Milwaukee Journal, January 17, 1962, p1
  50. ^ Theodore Friend, Indonesian Destinies (Harvard University Press, 2003) p124
  51. ^ "An Air Force Bomber Crashes into Wright Peak" adirondack-park.net
  52. ^ Collected Jamestown Post-Journal articles relating to January 16, 1962 B-47 Adirondacks crash.
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  54. ^ Eric Arnesen, Encyclopedia of United States Labor and Working-class History (CRC Press, 2007) p72
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  57. ^ "Fire Killing 20 Blamed On Cigaret", Miami News, January 17, 1962, p9A
  58. ^ "DOMINICAN JUNTA FALLS", Miami News, January 19, 1962, p1
  59. ^ Clemente A. Lisi, A History of the World Cup, 1930-2010 (Scarecrow Press, 2011) pp94-95
  60. ^ Mary E. Daly, The Slow Failure: Population Decline and Independent Ireland, 1922-1973 (University of Wisconsin Press, 2006) p257
  61. ^ "Germans Hold Himmler Aide", Miami News, January 22, 1962, p4A
  62. ^ Jonathan Haslam, Russia's Cold War: From the October Revolution to the Fall of the Wall (Yale University Press, 2011)
  63. ^ "Columbo: The Genesis of a Character", Mysteryfile.com; William Link and Richard Levinson, Prescription: Murder (Samuel French, Inc., 1963) p4
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  67. ^ "Bomb Rocks Paris Foreign Ministry Bldg.", The Milwaukee Sentinel, January 23, 1962, p1
  68. ^ participation in OAS activities. Morris H. Morley, Imperial State and Revolution: The United States and Cuba, 1952-1986 (Cambridge University Press, 1987) p156
  69. ^ Richard Scott, Jackie Robinson (Holloway House Publishing, 1990) p150
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  71. ^ David Evanier, All the Things You Are: The Life of Tony Bennett (John Wiley & Sons, 2011) p135
  72. ^ Thomas Valone, Electrogravitics Systems: Reports on a New Propulsion Methodology (Integrity Research Institute, 1994) p122-123
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  74. ^ Barry Miles, Paul McCartney: Many Years from Now (Macmillan, 1998) p88
  75. ^ "Canaveral Rocket Shot A 5-Star Blowout", Miami News, January 24, 1962, p1
  76. ^ "Crash Kills Governor", Reading (PA) Eagle, January 26, 1962, p1
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  78. ^ "RANGER TO MISS MOON", Milwaukee Sentinel, January 27, 1962, p1
  79. ^ United States Space Science Program Report to COSPAR (May, 1962) p26
  80. ^ "Satellite Misses Moon By 22,862 Miles; Is Doomed To A Long Futile Flight", Gettysburg (PA) Times, January 29, 1962, p1
  81. ^ "Molten Steel Spills, 17 Killed", Miami Daily News, January 27, 1962, p1
  82. ^ Tim Newark, Boardwalk Gangster: The Real Lucky Luciano (Macmillan, 2011) p255
  83. ^ James M. Cannon, Time and Chance: Gerald Ford's Appointment with History (University of Michigan Press, 1998) p72
  84. ^ Leonard Sanders, Fort Worth (Texas Christian University Press, 2005) p511
  85. ^ "Order Molotov Name Removed from Towns", Youngstown (OH) Vindicator, January 27, 1962, p1
  86. ^ "Clouds Stop Glenn Orbit" and "He Was 20 Minutes Away From Destiny", St. Petersburg (FL) Sunday Independent, January 28, 1962, p1
  87. ^ NZhistory.net; "New Zealander Breaks Record For Mile Run", Miami News, January 28, 1962, p1C
  88. ^ Martin Sieff, Shifting Superpowers: The New and Emerging Relationship between the United States, China, and India (Cato Institute, 2009) pp59-60
  89. ^ "Sentimental Journeys Bid Trolley Farewell", Spokane Daily Chronicle, January 27, 1962, p2
  90. ^ Craig Glenday, ed., Guinness World Records 2009 (Random House, 2009) p68
  91. ^ Zakai Shalom, The Superpowers, Israel and the Future of Jordan, 1960-1963: The Perils of the pro-Nasser Policy (Sussex Academic Press, 1999) p42
  92. ^ "Signals Turn To Amber", Miami News, January 29, 1962, p9A
  93. ^ "Horrified Crowd Sees 2 Aerialists Die In Fall", The Deseret News (Salt Lake City), January 31, 1962, p1
  94. ^ "O.A.S. Votes To Oust Red Cuba- Slim Margin Supports Move By United States", Windsor (ON) Star, January 31, 1962, p1
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  97. ^ "California Smothered By Killer Fog- Visibility Is Zero at Times; 28 Die", Miami News, February 1, 1962, p11A