January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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December 31 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - January 2

All fixed commemorations below are observed on January 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For January 1st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on December 19.

Feasts[edit]

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

  • with him, priests: John (Smirnov), Alexander (Ivanov), Alexander (Organov), John (Suldin), Trophimus (Miachin), Viacheslav Infantov, Basil Vitevskog, and Jacob Alferov (1938)[5][8][15][18]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "The CIRCUMCISION of Our Lord and Saviour JESUS CHRIST, by virtue of Whose Adorable Blood-shedding, a glorious host of Saints, Martyrs, Confessors, Virgins – men and women of every degree – as well in this land as throughout Christendom, kept the Faith, persevered unto death in their holy course, and in the end received the crown, at the hands of the Just Judge."[3]
  3. ^ This saint, a layman, should not be confused with the other St Basil of Ancyra, who was a priest (March 22).
  4. ^ Churches of the Russian tradition keep her feast on January 1, along with her son Basil. Greek churches keep her feast on May 8 or May 30, along with her husband Saint Basil the Elder and her mother-in-law, Saint Macrina the Elder.
  5. ^ In Greek tradition, his name was given to Father Christmas and he is supposed to visit children and give presents every January 1 (St Basil's Day) — unlike other traditions where Saint Nicholas arrives either on December 6 (Saint Nicholas Day) or on Christmas Eve (December 24). It is traditional on St Basil's Day to serve "Vasilopita", a rich bread baked with a coin inside. It is customary on his feast day to visit the homes of friends and relatives, to sing New Year carols, and to set an extra place at the table for Saint Basil. In Greek tradition and according to historical records, St Basil, of Greek heritage, is the original "Father Christmas", who being born into a wealthy family, gave away all his possessions to the poor and those in need, the underprivileged and children. A similar story exists for another Greek bishop, St. Nicholas of Myra. Over the centuries the two have been merged but the Western "Santa Claus" is St. Nicholas and the Eastern "Santa Claus" is St. Basil.
  6. ^ St Vassily is the baptismal patron of St Volodymyr the Great, and iconography of the enlightener of Rus’-Ukraine sometimes depicts him as St Basil, teaching the faith to the people.
  7. ^ The Venerable Theodosius was Abbot at one of the four famed monasteries of Triglia.
    (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεοδόσιος ἦταν ἡγούμενος σὲ μία ἀπὸ τὶς τέσσερις φημισμένες Μονὲς τῆς Τριγλίας, τοῦ Μιδηκίου, τοῦ Βαθέως Ρύακος, τοῦ Ἁγίου Στεφάνου καὶ τοῦ Ἁγίου Ἰωάννου. Κοιμήθηκε Ὁσίως μὲ εἰρήνη.
  8. ^ At Rome, St. Almachius, martyr, who, by the command of Alipius, governor of the city, was killed by the gladiators for saying, "Today is the Octave of our Lord's birth; put an end to the worship of idols, and abstain from unclean sacrifices."[13]
  9. ^ She founded a convent at Rossory in Fermanagh and was buried in Killane.
  10. ^ His feastday is January 1, but he is also commemorated on October 5 together with the other sainted Metropolitans of Kiev.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Περιτομὴ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ The Circumcision of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  3. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. p.1.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεόδοτος. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g January 14 / January 1. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  6. ^ Martyr Basil of Ancyra. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Γρηγόριος. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j January 1/14. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  9. ^ St Emilia, the Mother of St Basil the Great. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Βασίλειος ὁ Μέγας ὁ Καππαδόκης. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ St Basil the Great the Archbishop of Caesarea, in Cappadocia. OCA - Feasts and Saints.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεοδόσιος. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ a b c d e f January 1. The Roman Martyrology.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m January 1. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  15. ^ a b The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.4.
  16. ^ a b Dr. Alexander Roman. January. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  17. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πέτρος ὁ Πελοποννήσιος. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ a b c (Russian) 1 января (ст.ст.) 14 января 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πλάτων ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτῷ. 1 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.

Sources[edit]

  • January 1/14. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • January 14 / January 1. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • January 1. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. January. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • January 1. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • January 1. The Roman Martyrology.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources