January 20 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Jan. 19 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Jan. 21

All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 2 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For January 20th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on January 7.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

  • New Hieromartyr Ioan Pettai, Estonian Martyr Presbyter.[27][note 10]
  • New Hieromartyr Paul Dobromyslov, Archpriest, of Ryazan (1940)[1][20]
  • Venerable Ekvtime (Kereselidze) the Confessor, of Georgia (1944)[1][20][29][note 11]

Other Commemorations[edit]

  • Repose of Elder Gerasim, founder of Ascension Monastery, Irkutsk (1676)[1]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "Martyrs Sts. Inna, Pinna and Rimma (1st century), disciples of the Apostle St Andrew in Scythia who were with him when he blessed the spot on which Kyiv would be built."[4]
  3. ^ Martyr Eusebius lived during the reign of Diocletian (284-305 AD) and was a courtier of the Senate. He converted to Christianity during the witness of Bishop Theopemptus in Rome († 5 January), when he saw the spiritual prowess of that Saint during his tortures, and the miracles that he performed. Because he became a Christian he was arrested and led before the Emperor, where he confessed his faith in Christ. He was martyred with horrible tortures and was partitioned with an axe in the year 298 AD.
  4. ^ (Greek) Εἶναι ἄγνωστο ποῦ καὶ πότε μαρτύρησαν οἱ Ἅγιοι Θύσρος καὶ Ἁγνή. Ἡ Σύναξη αὐτῶν ἐτελεῖτο πλησίον τῶν Ἐλενιανῶν, μεταξὺ τῶν Ὑψωμαθείων καὶ τοῦ Ξηρολόφου Κωνσταντινουπόλεως.
  5. ^ The Life-giving Spring of the Mother of God was revealed to Leo Marcellus on April 4, 450. Leo later became Byzantine Emperor Leo I (457-474).
  6. ^ Fabian succeeded St Antherus as Pope of Rome in 236 and was martyred in 250 under Decius. St Cyprian described him as an 'incomparable man' and added that the glory of his death matched the purity and goodness of his life.
  7. ^ According to his Life, he was an officer in the imperial army and a favourite of Diocletian. Nevertheless, when he was discovered to be Orthodox no mercy was shown him. Tied to a tree, his body was made a target for Roman archers and he was finally martyred with clubs. His church is one of the seven main churches in Rome.
  8. ^ Born in Connaught in Ireland, he founded several monasteries. His name is connected with Fobhar (Fore) in Westmeath. Ecclefechan and St Vigean's near Arbroath in Scotland are also called after him.
  9. ^ A Sicilian from Palermo, he called for the holding of the Sixth Oecumenical Council in Constantinople in 680 against Monothelitism.
  10. ^ Hieromartyr Ioan Pettai was canonized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate in 2004. He is a Saint of the Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church.[28]
  11. ^ See also:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o January 20 / February 2. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἰννᾶς, Πιννᾶς, Ριμμᾶς οἱ Μάρτυρες. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ Martyr Inna, Disciples of the Apostle Andrew, in Scythia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  4. ^ a b Dr. Alexander Roman. January. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Εὐσέβιος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Εὐθύμιος ὁ Μέγας. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Venerable Euthymius the Great. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Βάσσος, Εὐσέβιος, Εὐτύχιος καὶ Βασιλείδης οἱ Μάρτυρες. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  10. ^ Martyr Bassus at Nicomedia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Θύρσος καὶ Ἁγνὴ οἱ Μάρτυρες. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 9.
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Λέων Μακέλλης ὁ Μέγας. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πέτρος ὁ Τελώνης. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ἄννα ἡ Μάρτυς. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. ^ a b c d e f January 20. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  17. ^ a b Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ὅσιοι Εὐθύμιος καὶ Λαυρέντιος. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ St Laurence the Recluse of the Kiev Far Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  19. ^ Venerable Euthymius the Schemamonk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  20. ^ a b c d February 2 / January 20. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Εὐθύμιος Ἀρχιεπίσκοπος Τυρνόβου. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Venerable Euthymius of Syanzhemsk, Vologda. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Εὐθύμιος ἐκ Ρωσίας. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ζαχαρίας ὁ Νεομάρτυρας. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. ^ New Martyr Zachariah. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  26. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεόδωρος ὁ Δίκαιος ἐκ Ρωσίας. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  27. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰωάννης ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 20 Ιανουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. ^ The Orthodox Way - January 2013. St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, Lexington, MA. p. 13.
  29. ^ St Euthymius the Confessor. OCA - Lives of the Saints.

Sources[edit]

  • January 20 / February 2. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • February 2 / January 20. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • January 20. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. January. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 9.
  • January 20. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 20–21.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources