6 January Dictatorship

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King Alexander I of Yugoslavia

The 6 January Dictatorship (Croatian: Šestosiječanjska diktatura, Slovene: Šestojanuarska diktatura, Serbian: Шестојануарска диктатура) was a royal dictatorship established in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by King Alexander. It lasted from January 6, 1929 when the king prorogued parliament and assumed control of the state and ended with his assassination in Marseille on October 9, 1934.

Background[edit]

1927[edit]

1928[edit]

Assassination in the National Assembly
  • June 20: Representative Puniša Račić of the People's Radical Party shot Đuro Basariček, Pavle Radić, Ivan Pernar, Ivan Granđa and Croatian Peasant Party leader Stjepan Radić in the National Assembly. Basariček and Pavle Radić died at the scene, Pernar and Granđa were only wounded, and Stjepan Radić was mortally wounded.
  • July 28: Anton Korošec of the Slovene People's Party became the first non-Serb prime minister of the kingdom.
  • August 1: National Assembly reconvened, with representatives of the Peasant-Democrat Coalition boycotting it.
  • August 8: Stjepan Radić died from wounds suffered in the attack in the assembly chambers.
  • August 12: Funeral of Stjepan Radić.
  • August 13: Vladko Maček elected president of Croatian Peasant Party.

Timeline[edit]

1929[edit]

1930[edit]

  • January 25: August Košutić and Juraj Krnjević of the Croatian Peasant Party delivered a memorandum to the League of Nations outlining the struggles of the Croats in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  • June 14: Vladko Maček acquitted and released.

1931[edit]

  • February 18: Writer Milan Šufflay is murdered by Yugoslav nationalists in Zagreb.
  • September 3: A new 1931 Yugoslav Constitution was put in place to replace the one from 1921.
  • November 8: Elections held in which only one electoral list, headed by General Živković is on the ballot.

1932[edit]

  • June 7: Yugoslav nationalists attempt to assassinate writer Mile Budak.
  • September 6: Members of the Ustaša - Croatian Revolutionary Movement attempted to launch a revolution on Velebit.
  • November 7: Peasant-Democrat Coalition released the Zagreb Points, which outlined the coalition's plan for a return to parliamentary democracy.

1933[edit]

1934[edit]

King Alexander's death in Marseille. End of the dictatorship.

Aftermath[edit]

1935[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Branimir Jelić: Političke uspomene i rad dra Branimira Jelića. Ed. by Jere Jareb. Cleveland, Oh. 1982, p. 30.
  2. ^ Kako se Spaho borio za opstanak Bosne i Hercegovine (IV dio)