|Elevation||459 m (1,506 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Jaora is a city and a municipality in Ratlam district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Jaora is located in the Malwa region, between Ratlam and Neemuch. It was the capital of the princely state of Jaora before independence. During the Mourning of Muharram, thousands of people from all over the world visit the Hussain Tekri.It is important place for Jain Community too, Rajendra suri jain Dadawadi is considered to be a pilgrimage for jain people as the jain religion's saint Rajendra suri ji has done TAPASYA in jaora.
As of the 2001 India census, Jaora had a population of 63,736. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Jaora has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 54%. In Jaora, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Jaora princely state
The state was founded by 'Abdu'l Ghafur Muhammad Khan, a Muslim of Afghan descent. He was a cavalry officer serving the Pindari leader Amir Khan. He later served the Holkar maharaja of Indore, subduing Rajput territories in northern Malwa and annexing their lands. In return for his services, he was granted the title of Nawab in 1808. The state was confirmed by the British government in 1818 by the Treaty of Mandsaur.
There are two city parks, Chota Baagh and Bada Baagh. Apart from beautiful landscape, which offers great scenery around the city, there are many religious places. The world famous Hussain Tekri, which attracts millions of people every year, is popular among adherents of all religions. It is believed to heal people from incurable diseases, particularly mental ailments.
There are four cinemas. Notable temples include the 200 year old Radhakrishna temple, Manchapuran Hanuman temple, Jagnath Mahadev, Bada mandir (Jain Temple), Jain Dadawadi (Shree Rajendrasurishwar ji maharasaheb). The city is famous in the Indian Jain Community because the Jain saint Rajendra Suri performed his "Kriyoddhar" activity under a tree at Khachrod road that is now known as Jain Dadawadi Temple. The city has two theatres, which offer low cost entertainment option. It attracts hundreds of people from nearby villages every week. Jaora offers cheap prices for most of the goods. The grain and pulses mandi is the backbone of financial structure. The educational and health care facilities are very basic. There is just one mediocre hotel.
In short, it is a typical Indian small town and offers a cultural mixture. Infrastructure is poor, but love and unity among the people is sound.
Jaora has a railway station on the Indian Railways network between Ratlam - Ajmer section. From Jaora there are direct trains for Ajmer, Udaipur, Agra, Kota, Indore, Ujjain, Ratlam, Neemuch, Mumbai. List of Trains and their timing from jaora station are as follows:
'Train name (no.) Arrives Departs Stop time Train origin and destination Cor Rtm Express (19328) 07:00 07:10 2 min Chittaurgarh-Ratlam
Rtm Cor Express (19327) 18:15 18:17 2 min RAtlam - Chittaurgarh
Haldighati Pass (59812) 14:50 14:52 2 min YamunaBridge(AGRA)-Ratlam
Udz Indb Express (19658) 01:40 01:42 2 min Udaipur city - Indore JN
Aii Rtm Exp (19654) 19:58 20:00 2 min Ajmer-Ratlam
Ratlam Ajmer Ex (19653) 07:03 07:05 2 min Ratlam - Ajmer
Haldighati Pass (59811) 09:26 09:28 2 min Ratlam - YamunaBridge(AGRA)
Udaipur City Ex (19329) 13:10 13:12 2 min Indore JN -Udaipur city
Bpl Jaipur Exp (19712) 23:28 23:30 2 min bhopal-jaipur
Jp Bpl Exp (19711) 04:03 04:05 2 min Jaipur - Bhopal
The Mhow-Neemuch state highway passes through Jaora so it is also a convenient way to come to Jaora. Jaora is 34 km from district HQ Ratlam. The buses provide access to the surrounding area. Tempos, Auto rickshaws and Tongas are available for transport within the city.
In Jaora, there are lots of place for shopping , Jaora has a large market and variety of things are easily available in jaora. There are several shops for Kirana Items.
Schools & Education
Jaora has various Government and Private Higher Secondary schools, Post-Graduate college of science, Commerce and Arts, Polytechnic and engineering college.
Nawabs of Jaora
- 1817 Iftikhar ud-Daula, Nawab Abdul Ghafur'Khan Bahadur,Diler-Jung.
- 1825 Muhtasim ud-Daula, Nawab Ghaus Muhammad'Khan Bahadur,Shaukat-Jung.
- 1865 Ihtisham ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad Ismail'Khan Bahadur,Firoz-Jung.
- 1895 Fakhr ud-Daula, Nawab Iftikhar Ali'Khan Bahadur,Saulat-Jung.
- 1947 Asif ud-Daula, Nawab Ali'Khan Bahadur,Saulat-Jung.
- 1972 Asif ud-Daula, Nawab Ali'Khan Bahadur,Saulat-Jung.
- 1999 Asif ud-Daula, Nawab'Khan Bahadur,Saulat-Jung.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.