Japan–Korea Treaty of 1882

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The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1882, also known as the Treaty of Chemulpo or the Chemulpo Convention, was negotiated between Japan and Korea following the Imo Incident in July 1882.[1]

Background[edit]

On July 23, 1882, factional strife between Koreans in Korea's capital expanded beyond the initial causes of the disturbance.[1]

"The Korean Uprising of 1882" — woodblock print by Toyohara Chikanobu, 1882

As the violence unfolded, the Japanese legation was destroyed by rioters. The Japanese diplomats were forced to flee the country. When order was restored, the Japanese government demanded damages and other concessions form the Korean government.[1]

The negotiations were concluded in August 1882.

Article V of the "convention" permitted the Japanese to protect the Japanese legationa and the Japanese community in Korea.[2]

In 1884, the Japanese forgave the ¥400,000 indemnity which had been mandated by the treaty;[3]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Takenobu, Yoshitaro. (1887). The Japan Yearbook, p. 131., p. 131, at Google Books; excerpt, "Korea agreed in the so-called Chemulpo Convention to pay [Japan] an indemnity and to build at her own cost barracks for the [Japanese] Legation guards."
  2. ^ Duus, Peter. (1995). The Abacus and the Sword: The Japanese Penetration of Korea, 1895-1910, p. 69., p. 69, at Google Books
  3. ^ Duus, p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books; Takenobu, p. 131; excerpt, "Japan remitted the major portion of the indemnity on the understanding that it should be used for the purpose of internal reforms."

References[edit]