Japan Asia Airways, Co., Ltd. (日本アジア航空株式会社 Nihon Ajia Kōkū Kabushiki-gaisha) (JAA) is a defunct subsidiary of Japan Airlines (JAL) which existed between 1975 and 2008. JAA was headquartered in the Japan Airlines Building in Shinagawa, Tokyo.
JAA was established as a wholly owned subsidiary of JAL on 8 August 1975 and given the responsibility of providing air links between Japan and Taiwan formerly offered by JAL. This move was prompted as a compromise by the threat from the Chinese government, which considers Taiwan as a Chinese province, not to grant traffic rights to JAL for its proposed services to China. Similar arrangements were later made by Air France, British Airways, KLM, Qantas and Swissair for their services to Taiwan.
In 1985 JAA was headquartered in the Yurakucho-Denki Building in Chiyoda, Tokyo, in a facility apart from the JAL headquarters in the Tokyo Building in Chiyoda.
For the facts that Taiwanese aircraft are now permitted to serve selected destinations in China in the form of "cross-straits charters"  since 2007 and JAL is no longer a state-owned company, the new 2007 Japan-Taiwan air transport agreement led JAL to liquidate JAA as a cost-saving measure and to normalize Japan-Taiwan flight status. JAA flew its last flights on March 31, 2008, and all flights were operated by JAL from April 1, 2008.
Japan Asia Airways Boeing 747-200 in original livery
Routes served by JAA before being folded into JAL:
The above routes were all taken over by JAL since April 1, 2008.
Historically, JAA even offered Taipei -- Okinawa, Taipei -- Hong Kong, and Taipei -- Manila routes under the Fifth Freedom traffic rights granted by Taiwan, as well as the connection flights between Taipei and Kaohsiung before the direct Narita—Kaohsiung route was inaugurated in August 2005. JAA was to date the only international carrier to be granted the right to fly in-island by the Civil Aeronautics Administration (Republic of China).
Japan Asia Airways Boeing 747-200 in final livery
The Japan Asia Airways fleet consisted of the following aircraft:
Beginning in 2004, most JAA flights were operated with JAL Boeing 747-400 aircraft to meet market demand and to improve JAL fleet utilization. Previously, JAA operated Douglas DC-8-53/61, Boeing 747-100/200 and McDonnell Douglas DC-10-40 aircraft.
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