Japan National Route 1

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National Route 1 shield

National Route 1
国道1号 (Kokudō Ichi-gō?)
Route information
Length: 565.4 km (351.3 mi)
Major junctions
East end: National Route 15 / National Route 17 in Nihonbashi, Chūō, Tokyo
  National Route 42
National Route 255
National Route 134
National Route 129
National Route 467
National Route 16 / National Route 133
West end: National Route 2 / National Route 176 in Umeda, Kita-ku, Osaka
Highway system
National highways of Japan
Expressways of Japan

National Route 1 is a major highway on the island of Honshū in Japan. It connects Chūō, Tokyo in the Kantō region with the city of Osaka, Osaka Prefecture in the Kansai region, passing through the Chūbu region en route. It follows the old Tōkaidō westward from Tokyo to Kyoto, and the old Kyo Kaidō from there to Osaka. Between Tokyo and Aichi Prefecture it parallels the Tomei Expressway; from there to Mie Prefecture, the Higashimeihan Expressway, and from Shiga Prefecture to Osaka, the Meishin Expressway. Its total length is 565.4 km. At its eastern terminus in Nihonbashi, Chūō, Tokyo, it meets National Routes 4, 6, 14, 15, 17, and 20. At its western terminus in Umeda, Kita-ku, Osaka, it links with Routes 2, 25, 26 and other highways.

Route 1 links Tokyo to the important prefectural capitals of Yokohama (Kanagawa Prefecture), Shizuoka, Nagoya (Aichi Prefecture), Otsu (Shiga Prefecture), Kyoto, and Osaka.[1][2]

Route Data[edit]

ranslation Origins of National Highway No. 1 is the Tokaido (Tokyo-Kyoto) and Beijing street (Kyoto-Osaka), now almost followed the old route. Relative to other transport routes connecting Tokyo and Osaka (the name of God Speedway, Tokaido Line, Tokaido Shinkansen) to route through Sekigahara Zhongshan Road, National Highway No. 1, inherited Tokaido Line crossed Suzuka Ridge. 1885 (1885) According to the same year, Ministry of Home Affairs Notification No. 6, "State Highway table", the 2nd National Road "Tokyo to Osaka to Hong Kong route" as specified, this route to Yokohama so far are equivalent to the National Highway No. 15.

History[edit]

  • 4 December 1952: First Class National Highway 1 (from Tokyo to Osaka)
  • 1 April 1965: General National Highway 1 (from Tokyo to Osaka)

Overlapping sections[edit]

  • In Chuo: Route 15
  • From the origin to Chiyoda (Sakuradamon intersection): Route 20
  • In Yokohama City, from Takashima-cho intersection to Hamamatsucho intersection: Route 16
  • From Odawara City to Hakone Town (Miyanoshita intersection): Route 138
  • From Hamamatsu City (Shinohara intersection) to Kosai City (Okurado IC): Route 42

Junction list[edit]

All junctions listed are at-grade intersections unless noted otherwise.

Prefecture Location km Mile Destinations Notes
Osaka Osaka National Route 2Kobe, Nodahanshin Continuation beyond western terminus
National Route 25Namba, Yodoyabashi, Toyonaka, Osaka Station Western terminus of National Route 1
National Route 423 to National Route 25Namba, Shin-Osaka Station
Hanshin Expressway Loop RouteMoriguchi
Prefectural Route 30Tennoji Station / Hinokuchicho
Sakuranomiya Bridge
National Route 25Imazato
Prefectural Route 8Nara, Daito
National Route 163Kizugawa City, Kahoma / Miyakojimahondori
Prefectural Route 155Yoigumo / Prefectural Route 158Kadoma
Moriguchi Prefectural Route 2 to Dainikahan ExpresswaySakai / Prefectural Route 13Neyagawa
Prefectural Route 155 to Hanshin Expressway
Neyagawa Prefectural Route 15Settsu
Prefectural Route 19
Prefectural Route 148Kadono / Prefectural Route 149
Hirakata Prefectural Route 13
National Route 120Kawachinagano, Neyagawa
National Route 170Kawachinagano, Neyagawa, Central Hirataka Interchange westbound; at-grade intersection eastbound; west end of National Route 170 concurrency
National Route 170Takatsuki, Koridachi Interchange eastbound; at-grade intersection westbound; east end of National Route 170 concurrency
National Route 168Oji / Prefectural Route 20
National Route 307Kyotanabe / Prefectural Route 139Central Hirataka
Prefectural Route 18Makino
Prefectural Route 144Nagao, Central Hirakata
Prefectural Route 735
Kyoto Yawata Prefectural Route 284Kyotanabe, Central Yawata
Prefectural Route 735Nagao
Prefectural Route 251Kyotanabe / Prefectural Route 735Central Yawata
Prefectural Route 736Kyotanabe / Central Yawata
Prefectural Route 281Central Yawata
Prefectural Route 22Uji, Yodo
Kyoto Prefectural Route 15Uji, Yodo
Prefectural Route 81 to National Route 24Uji, Yodo
National Route 478Uji, Oyamazaki / to Keiji Bypass
Prefectural Route 124
Prefectural Route 188Kongetsukyo, Nagokakyo
Prefectural Route 13Takedakaido / Prefectural Route 35Yodo
Prefectural Route 202Kogabashi
Meishin Expressway Interchange
Prefectural Route 201
National Route 171Kobe, Nishiojigojo
Prefectural Route 114Shichijo-omiya
Prefectural Route 143 to National Route 24Nara
Prefectural Route 113Higashiyama, Nishioji / to Kyoto Jukan Expressway
National Route 9 / Prefectural Route 38Fukuchiyama, Nishiojigojo
National Route 24Kyoto Station / National Route 367Ohara
Prefectural Route 32Kyokawaramachi, Shimongo
Prefectural Route 143Nara
Prefectural Route 116 (Shibutani Road)
Higashiyama Tunnel
Prefectural Route 117Yamashinaekimaen, Uji, Nara
Prefectural Route 35 (Meishin Expressway) – Keage, Shinomiza
Shiga Kusatsu National Route 161 (Nishi-Otsu Bypass) – Tsuruga
National Route 101Tsuruga, Takashima
Prefectural Route 56 / Prefectural Route 103 Interchange
Prefectural Route 781
National Route 422 to National Route 151Uji, Takashima
Prefectural Route 26
Prefectural Route 43 to Keiji BypassShigaraki
Prefectural Route 28
National Route 1 (Keiji Bypass) – Kyoto, Otsu Interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Prefectural Route 116 / Prefectural Route 143
KusatsuRitto border Prefectural Route 142
Ritto Prefectural Route 2Moriyama
Prefectural Route 31Hamakaido / Shigaraki
Prefectural Route 55Shigaraki
National Route 8Tsuruga, Omihachiman Interchange
RittoKonan border Meishin Expressway Interchange
Konan Prefectural Route 12 / Prefectural Route 145
Prefectural Route 11
National Route 1 (Konan Bypass)
Prefectural Route 22 / Prefectural Route 113
National Route 1 (Konan Bypass)
Koka Prefectural Route 178
Prefectural Route 128
Prefectural Route 121 / Prefectural Route 164
Prefectural Route 537
Prefectural Route 549
National Route 307 Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
National Route 307 Interchange
Prefectural Route 183
Prefectural Route 24 / Prefectural Route 41
Prefectural Route 24
Prefectural Route 9
Prefectural Route 129
Prefectural Route 607
ShigaMie border KokaKameyama border Shizuka–Toge Tunnel
Mie Kameyama National Route 25Iga
Prefectural Route 11
National Route 25 to Shin-Meishin Expressway, Higashi-Meihan Expressway, Ise ExpresswayOsaka Interchange
Prefectural Route 647 Interchange
To Prefectural Route 647 Interchange
National Route 306 / Prefectural Route 648
Suzuka Prefectural Route 78
Prefectural Route 641
Prefectural Route 637 / Central Suzuka, Suzuka Circuit Interchange
Prefectural Route 643 to Route 23Suzuka Circuit
Prefectural Route 27 to Higashi-Meihan ExpresswayCentral Suzuka
Prefectural Route 115Suzawa, Central Suzuka
Yokkaichi Prefectural Route 8Sasagawa, Central Suzuka / Kokubu
Prefectural Route 407
Prefectural Route 631
National Route 25 to National Route 23Shiohama / Tsu, Suzuka
Prefectural Route 44 / Prefectural Route 629
National Route 164Yokkaichi Port
National Route 365Seigahara, Yunoyamaonsen
Kawagoe Prefectural Route 9
Prefectural Route 64 to Higashi-Meihan Expressway / Prefectural Route 401Kasumigaura
Prefectural Route 8
Prefectural Route 401
Prefectural Route 26Toin
Asahi To Higashi-Meihan Expressway, Isewangan Expressway, Route 23 – Kawagoe Interchange
Prefectural Route 66
Prefectural Route 143
Kuwana National Route 258 to Route 23, Isewangan Expressway, Higashi-Meihan ExpresswayOgaki Interchange
Prefectural Route 504
Prefectural Route 142 to Route 298
Prefectural Route 613
Owari Bridge (west span)
Prefectural Route 106
MieAichi border KuwanaYatomi border Owari Bridge (east span)
Aichi Yatomi Prefectural Route 518
Prefectural Route 7 to Isewangan Expressway, Higashi-Meihan Expressway, Route 23 – Nagashima Spa, Gifu
Prefectural Route 458 to Higashi-Meihan ExpresswayIchinomiya, Tsushima
Prefectural Route 108
Prefectural Route 29 / Prefectural Route 105
National Route 155 to Higashi-Meihan ExpresswayIchinomiya, Tsushima
Prefectural Route 109Aisai
Kanie Prefectural Route 462
Prefectural Route 65 to Higashi-Meihan Expressway / Prefectural Route 66 to Route 23Ichinomiya Interchange
Prefectural Route 66 / Prefectural Route 114
Prefectural Route 103Central Kanie
Nagoya National Route 302 to National Route 22, National Route 23, Isewangan Expressway, Mei-Nikan Expressway, Nagoya ExpresswayGifu, Tobishima Interchange
Prefectural Route 106
Prefectural Route 70
Prefectural Route 107Yaguma-dori / Kinjo Pier
Japanese Urban Expwy Sign 0004.svg Nagoya ExpresswayRokuban, Nagoya Station / Nagoya Port Interchange
National Route 19Gifu / National Route 247Handa, Tokai
Prefectural Route 271
National Route 41Kamaki, Tsuruma Park / Prefectural Route 222
Prefectural Route 59 to National Route 153, Isewangan ExpresswayNagoya, Tokai
Prefectural Route 50
National Route 302 to National Route 363, National Route 153, National Route 23, National Route 247Seto, Toyota, Gamagori, Tokoname / to Mei-Nikan Expressway, Isewangan ExpresswayKamiyashiro
Prefectural Route 243Obu / Arimatsu Station
Prefectural Route 222
Toyoake Prefectural Route 57Seto, Tojo Interchange; southbound traffic access only; no access to Prefectural Route 57 south
National Route 23 / Nagoya Expressway, to Isewangan ExpresswayTsu, Yokkaichi Interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Chiryu Prefectural Route 289
Prefectural Route 54
National Route 155 to Isewangan Expressway, Tomei Expressway Interchange
Prefectural Route 51
Kinuura-Toyota RoadToyota, Takahama Interchange
Anjo Prefectural Route 12Toyota, Mikawa-Anjo Station
Prefectural Route 76Central Anjo, Toyota
Okazaki Prefectural Route 26Nishio, Toyota
Prefectural Route 47Central Anjo
Prefectural Route 290
National Route 348Toyota, Gamagori
Prefectural Route 39Asuke / Prefectural Route 483Kota
Prefectural Route 477Higashi-Okazaki Station
Tomei ExpresswayOkazaki Interchange
Prefectural Route 35
Prefectural Route 48
Prefectural Route 329
National Route 473 West end of National Route 473 concurrency
National Route 473 East end of National Route 473 concurrency
Toyokawa Prefectural Route 374
Prefectural Route 5 / Prefectural Route 368
Prefectural Route 374
Prefectural Route 31
Prefectural Route 21
Prefectural Route 373
Prefectural Route 495
National Route 151 / National Route 247
Toyohashi Prefectural Route 382Toyohashi Station / Prefectural Route 460 to Tomei ExpresswayToyokawa
National Route 23Gamgagori / National Route 255Iragomisaki
Prefectural Route 69
Prefectural Route 502
Prefectural Route 31
Prefectural Route 3 / Prefectural Route 386
Prefectural Route 404
Prefectural Route 402
Shizuoka Kosai Shiomi Tunnel
National Route 42Central Kosai
National Route 1 (Hamana Bypass) – Shizuoka, Hamamatsu Interchange
National Route 42Toyohashi, Kosai
National Route 301Mikkabi, Central Kosai
Prefectural Route 323Kanzanji
Hamamatsu Prefectural Route 49
Prefectural Route 49Toyohashi, Hosoe
Prefectural Route 65
National Route 257Tenryu, Hamamatsu Station
National Route 1 (Hamana Bypass) – Nagoya, Toyohashi Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Prefectural Route 317Central Hamamatsu
National Route 130 to Enshuu-Ohashi BridgeOmaezaki / Central Hamamatsu
Prefectural Route 316Maisuka Station
National Route 150Central Hamamatsu
Prefectural Route 313
National Route 152Central Hamamatsu / Prefectural Route 65 to Tomei ExpresswayTenryu Interchange
Prefectural Route 261Hamakita Interchange
Iwata Prefectural Route 262Central Iwata Interchange
National Route 1 (Iwata Bypass) Interchange
Prefectural Route 44Tenryu, Toyooka / Prefectural Route 56Iwata Station
Prefectural Route 43Fukude, Central Iwata
Prefectural Route 86 to Tomei Expressway, Iwata Bypass
Prefectural Route 277 / Iwata Station
National Route 1 (Iwata Bypass) – Nagoya, Hamamatsu Interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Fukuroi Central Fukuroi Interchange
Prefectural Route 61 to Tomei ExpresswayMori, Asaka, Central Fukuroi Interchange
Prefectural Route 413Central Fukuroi
Prefectural Route 402Aino Station
National Route 1 (Kakegawa Bypass) – Shizuoka, Shimada Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Prefectural Route 253Harakawa
Kakegawa Prefectural Route 37 / Prefectural Route 373
Prefectural Route 39Kurumi / Prefectural Route 254Central Kakegawa
National Route 1 (Kakegawa Bypass) – Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, Fukuroi, Shizuoka Interchange
Kotonomama Tunnel
National Route 1 (Nissaku Bypass) – Shizuoka Interchange
Prefectural Route 415
Sayononaka Tunnel
Shimada Prefectural Route 381
National Route 1 (Nissaku Bypass) – Hamamatsu, Kakegawa Interchange
Makinohara Third Tunnel
Makinohara Second Tunnel
Makinohara First Tunnel
National Route 473Kawanehon, Airport Interchange
Kawanehon Interchange
Central Shimada Interchange
National Route 1 (Fujieda Btpass) – Airport, Numazu, Shizuoka, Shimada Station / Prefectural Route 81Chiba-shi Interchange
Prefectural Route 55Kanaya / Central Shimada
Prefectural Route 227Oigawa
Fujieda Prefectural Route 222
Prefectural Route 216 to Fujieda BypassFujieda Station
Prefectural Route 225Fujieda Station
Prefectural Route 33Oigawa Port
Prefectural Route 32Fujieda City Office / Prefectural Route 215Yaizu
Prefectural Route 30Yaizu / Prefectural Route 215 to Fujieda Bypass
Prefectural Route 81 to Shin-Tomei Expressway, Tomei ExpresswayYaizu
National Route 1 (Fujieda Bypass) – Hamamatsu, Shimada / Prefectural Route 81Okabe Interchange
FujiedaShizuoka border Okabe Tunnel
Shizuoka Prefectural Route 208 (Utsunoya Pass)
National Route 1 (Seishin Bypass) – Numazu, Fuji Interchange
Prefectural Route 208Central Mariko
Prefectural Route 207 / Prefectural Route 366
National Route 362Kawanehon / Toro Ruins
Prefectural Route 27
Prefectural Route 354 to Prefectural Route 384
Prefectural Route 197Miho, Shimizu Port
Prefectural Route 54 to Tomei ExpresswayNuzamu / Prefectural Route 67 to Seishin BypassHamamatsu
National Route 149Miho, Shimizu Port / Prefectural Route 54Shimizu Station
Prefectural Route 338 to Seishin Bypass / to Tomei Expressway, Shin-Tomei Expressway / Miho, Shimizu Port
Prefectural Route 193
National Route 1 (Seishin Bypass) – Okitsu Station / National Route 52Kofu, Minobu Interchange
Kanbara Interchange
Fujikawa Interchange
Fuji Prefectural Route 174Fujinomiya
National Route 139Central Fuji, Tagonura Port
National Route 139Central Fuji, Tagonura Port Interchange
Prefectural Route 167
Numazu Prefectural Route 166
Prefectural Route 165Hara Station
Prefectural Route 164Katahama Station
Prefectural Route 162Nuzamu Station / Prefectural Route 22
National Route 246Gotemba / to Tomei Expressway, Shin-Tomei Expressway
Mishima Prefectural Route 380 Interchange
Prefectural Route 145
Prefectural Route 144
Prefectural Route 140 / Prefectural Route 51Mishima Station
National Route 136Shimoda, Izu City / Prefectural Route 21Susono Interchange
Prefectural Route 142
Prefectural Route 22Central Mishima
Shin-Tomei Expressway to Tomei Expressway
Kanagawa Hakone Prefectural Route 20Atami / Ashinoko Skyline – Kojiari
National Route 1 (Hakone Toll Road) – Odawara Interchange
Prefectural Route 75 to Hakone Toll RoadYagawara
Prefectural Route 732Odawara, Hatajuka
Prefectural Route 75Gotenba, Sengokuhara
Prefectural Route 734Kojiri, Owakudani
Prefectural Route 723Gora
National Route 138Gotenba, Sengokuhara
Prefectural Route 732Hatajuka
Hakone BypassYugawara
Odawara Seisho Bypass to Odawara-Atsugi Road / to Hakone Toll Road Interchange
National Route 135Atami, Yugawara / Prefectural Route 73Odawara Station
National Route 255Matsuda, Odawara Station
Seisho BypassOdawara, Yokohama Interchange
Prefectural Route 719 / Seisho BypassYokohama
Prefectural Route 72 to Tomei ExpresswayMatsuda / Seisho Bypass
Seisho BypassTachikara, Yokohama Interchange
Prefectural Route 709Matsuda, Nakai
Ninomiya Prefectural Route 71 to Odawara-Atsugi Road / to Tomei ExpresswayHadano / Seisho Bypass
Oiso Prefectural Route 63 to Odawara-Atsugi RoadIsehara
Seisho Bypass
National Route 134Kamakura, Enoshima
Prefectural Route 609Guzo / Prefectural Route 62 to Route 134 West end of Prefectural Route 62 concurrency
Prefectural Route 62Hadano East end of Prefectural Route 62 concurrency
Kiratsuka Prefectural Route 61 to Route 134
Prefectural Route 606
National Route 129
Chigasaki Prefectural Route 46 to National Route 134Enoshima, Samukawa
Shinshonan BypassYokohama, Fujisawa Interchange
Prefectural Route 404 to Route 134Shonan Life Town
Prefectural Route 44Enoshima, Oba, Tsujido Coast
Fujisawa Shinshonan BypassOdawara, Hiratsuka Interchange
Prefectural Route 43Atsugi, Yoda
National Route 467 Interchange; no exits
Yokohama Prefectural Route 30Enoshima, Fujisawa Interchange westbound; at-grade intersection eastbound
Prefectural Route 23Ofuna, Shonandai Interchange
National Route 1 (Yokohama Bypass) Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Prefectural Route 22Isehara / to National Route 1 (Yokohama Bypass)
Prefectural Route 22Totsuga Station, Chogo Interchange
National Route 1 (Yokohama Bypass) – Totsuka Station / Prefectural Route 401Seya
National Route 16Isogo / Prefectural Route 17Hino, Shin-Yokohama, Higashi-Totsuka Station
Prefectural Route 218Sakuragicho, Idogaya
Yokohama-Yokosuka Expressway Interchange
Prefectural Route 201 / Kamakura
National Route 16Sagamihara, Yokosuka West end of National Route 16 concurrency
National Route 16Yokosuka, Sakuragicho East end of National Route 16 concurrency
National Route 15Kawasaki, Tsurumi
Prefectural Route 12Rokkakabushi
National Route 1 (Yokohama Bypass) Interchange; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Prefectural Route 2Tsunashima
Prefectural Route 111 to National Route 15Kikuna
Prefectural Route 14Tsunashima, Tsurumi Station
Kawasaki Prefectural Route 140 (Tomei Expressway) – Mizonokuchi, Kawasaki Station
National Route 409 (Tokyo-Wan Aqua-Line Expressway) – Ukishima, Kosugi, Mizonokuchi
Tokyo Ota Metropolitan Route 311Kamata, Shimo-Maruko Station
Metropolitan Route 421
Metropolitan Route 318Omori
Shinagawa Metropolitan Route 420Musashikoyoma
Metropolitan Route 2Tengenjibashi
Metropolitan Route 317Shinagawa
Metropolitan Route 317Ohashi, Osaki
Shuto Expressway Interchange
Minato Metropolitan Route 312Meguro
Metropolitan Route 305Ebisu / Metropolitan Route 415Tameike, Furukawabashi
Metropolitan Route 301 to National Route 15Fudanotsuji
Metropolitan Route 301 / Metropolitan Route 319
Metropolitan Route 319Roppongi
Metropolitan Route 405Tameike, Shinbashi
Chiyoda National Route 20Shinjuku, Hanzomon
Metropolitan Route 301Kudanshita, Kokyomae
Metropolitan Route 304
Metropolitan Route 406
Metropolitan Route 404
Metropolitan Route 403Kitaikebekuro, Shibuya
Chuo National Route 15Ginza / Metropolitan Route 10Minamisuna, Eitaibashi
Nihonbashi Bridge (Inner Circular Route) Eastern terminus of National Route 1; no direct access to Inner Circular Route
National Route 4Asakusabashi Continuation beyond eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 一般国道1号 (in Japanese). Kinki Regional Development Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 2010-11-26. 
  2. ^ 一般国道1号 (in Japanese). Kinki Regional Development Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. Retrieved 2010-11-26.