Japan Restoration Party

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Japan Restoration Party
日本維新の会
Leader Shintarō Ishihara
Tōru Hashimoto
Secretary-General Ichirō Matsui
Representatives leader Takeo Hiranuma
Yorihisa Matsuno
Founded 12 September 2012 (2012-09-12)
Dissolved 31 July 2014 (2014-07-31)
(Split to Next Generation Party and Unite with Unity Party)
Headquarters Osaka, Osaka Prefecture, Japan
Ideology Japanese nationalism,[1]
Neoconservatism[2]
Economic liberalism[3]
Right-wing populism[4]
Political position Right-wing[5] to Far-right[6][7][8]
Colors Green
Councillors
9 / 242
Representatives
53 / 480
Website
https://j-ishin.jp/
Politics of Japan
Political parties
Elections

The Japan Restoration Party (日本維新の会 Nippon Ishin no Kai?), also referred to in English as the Japan Restoration Association, was a Japanese political party. It was launched on 12 September 2012 and gained official recognition on 28 September 2012. The party started as the regional Osaka Restoration Association, headed by Tōru Hashimoto, Mayor of Osaka, and Ichirō Matsui, Governor of Osaka Prefecture. On May 28, 2014, co-leaders Hashimoto and Matsui agreed to split the party after many internal differences and a proposed merger with the Unity Party.[9]

On 17 November 2012 Hashimoto and Shintarō Ishihara, the former Governor of Tokyo Prefecture, announced the merger of the Japan Restoration Party and the Sunrise Party as a "third force" to contest the general election on 16 December 2012.[10] The merged organization, which retains the name the Japan Restoration Party, is Japan's only national political party based outside Tokyo.[11] After the election it had 54 seats in the lower house and 9 members in the upper house.[12][13][14]

Party launch and early days[edit]

National political parties in Japan require a minimum of five Diet members to be recognized, and in 2012 the party gained seven sitting Diet members through defections from other parties. On 28 September 2012 an application for party recognition was submitted to the Ministry of the Interior through the Osaka prefectural electoral board.This was accepted and the party was officially launched. The Osaka Restoration Association, also headed by Hashimoto and Matsui, was placed under the umbrella of the new national party.[15]

The first meeting of the nine JRA lawmakers was held on 3 October 2012. Yorihisa Matsuno, a member of the House of Representatives who had formerly been in the Democratic Party of Japan, was selected as the leader of the nine lawmakers, and rules of conduct were also adopted.[16]

The party's first general meeting was held on 6 October 2012, with Matsuno formally becoming a deputy party leader, along with Yutaka Imai, a member of the Osaka Prefectural Assembly. Hashimoto said that in cases where national NRA members and regional assembly members could not agree he would make a decision.[17]

Policies[edit]

The party has "Ishin Hassaku" (Eight Policies for Restoration). These policies cover more than 200 items dealing with issues such as governance, economic policy, social welfare, education, diplomacy, and severing Japan's status as "America's mistress".[18]

Unusual for a far-right organization, the party supports legalizing same-sex marriage.[19]

The party advocates revising the Constitution of Japan, which it characterizes as "the Occupation Constitution".[20]

Merger with the Sunrise Party[edit]

After much discussion, on 17 November 2012 Ishihara and Hashimoto decided to merge their parties, with Ishihara becoming the head of the Japan Restoration Party. Your Party would not join the party, nor would Genzei Nippon, as the latter party's opposition to any increase in the consumption tax did not match the JRP's policy in favour of an increase.[21] Following Hashimoto's controversial remarks on the issue of "comfort woman during World War II, Yoshimi Watanabe announced that Your Party had decided to end their planned alliance for the upcoming Upper House elections.[22]

Presidents of JRP[edit]

No. Name Term of office Image
Took Office Left Office
1 Tōru Hashimoto
橋下 徹
Hashimoto Tōru
12 September 2012 17 November 2012 Toru Hashimoto, March 17, 2008.JPG
2 Shintaro Ishihara
石原 慎太郎
Ishihara Shintarō
17 November 2012 19 January 2013 Ishihara Shintaro 1-1.jpg
3 19 January 2013
(as joint president)
22 July 2014
Tōru Hashimoto
橋下 徹
Hashimoto Tōru
19 January 2013
(as joint president)
22 July 2014 Toru Hashimoto, March 17, 2008.JPG

Election results[edit]

General election results[edit]

Election Leader # of candidates # of seats won # of Constituency votes  % of Constituency vote # of PR Block votes  % of PR Block vote
2012 Shintaro Ishihara 172 54 6,942,353 11.64% 12,262,228 20.50%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://inside.org.au/japans-paradoxical-shift-to-the-right/
  2. ^ Japan’s new drift: Neo-conservative or neo-imperialist?
  3. ^ http://inside.org.au/japans-paradoxical-shift-to-the-right/"On 12 September, the equally outspoken mayor of Osaka, Toru Hashimoto, launched his Japan Restoration Party, whose platform combines vehement nationalism, neoliberal economics and a radical overhaul of the political system"
  4. ^ Japan Elections 2012: LDP Wins Majority In Parliamentary Elections
  5. ^ Japan's right-wing Liberals elected in landslide victory, CBC News, 17 December 2012 
  6. ^ "Shinzo Abe tightens his grip on power in Japan". The Australian. 22 July 2013. 
  7. ^ https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2013/05/23/osak-m23.html
  8. ^ http://ajw.asahi.com/article/forum/politics_and_economy/AJ201212140001
  9. ^ http://ajw.asahi.com/article/behind_news/politics/AJ201405290037
  10. ^ Japan Today/AP, "Ishihara, Hashimoto announce 'third force' in Japanese politics", "Japan Today", 18 November 2012
  11. ^ Johnston, Eric, "Nippon Ishin no Kai: Local but with national outlook", Japan Times, 3 October 2012, p. 3
  12. ^ Japan's ruling bloc wins upper house poll
  13. ^ UPDATE: Ruling coalition wins Upper House in landslide; breaks Diet gridlock
  14. ^ Abe cements power with LDP’s sweeping victory in Upper House race
  15. ^ The Daily Yomiuri Nippon Ishin no Kai officially launched September 30, 2012 Retrieved on October 2, 2012
  16. ^ Daily Yomiuri Nippon Ishin no Kai holds 1st meeting October 4, 2012 Retrieved on October 4, 2012
  17. ^ Daily Yomiuri Nippon Ishin no Kai holds 1st general meeting October 8, 2012
  18. ^ Japan Times EDITORIAL Mayor Hashimoto goes national September 15, 2012 Retrieved on October 2, 2012
  19. ^ Inada, Miho; Dvorak, Phred. "Same-Sex Marriage in Japan: A Long Way Away?". The Wall Street Journal. September 20, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
  20. ^ "Japan Restoration Party platform". The Japan Times. April 4, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
  21. ^ Daily Yomiuri New parties merge forces / Taiyo no To dissolves to join Ishin no Kai; Ishihara named chief November 18, 2012
  22. ^ Your Party to end alliance with Japan Restoration Party over Hashimoto's comments

External links[edit]