China Garrison Infantry Brigade (Kawabe Brigade) – Major Gen. Masakasu Kawabe
1st China Garrison Infantry Regiment
2nd China Garrison Infantry Regiment
China Garrison Cavalry Unit
China Garrison Artillery Regiment
China Garrison Engineer Unit
China Garrison Tank Unit (17 tanks)
China Garrison Signal Unit
The China Garrison Army(支那駐屯軍,Shina Chutongun?) was formed 1 June 1901 as the Chinese Empire Garrison Army(清国駐屯軍,Shinkoku Chutongun?), as part of Japan's contribution to the international coalition in China during the Boxer Rebellion. It took the name China Garrison Army from 14 April 1912 and onward, though was typically referred to as the Tianjin Garrison.
The IJA 5th Division was dispatched to protect Japanese nationals and property in Tianjin China in June 1900 after the start of the Boxer Rebellion. It formed the core of the Japanese expeditionary forces in northern China. Under the terms of the Boxer Protocol, Japan as allowed to maintain a military garrison to guard its embassy, concessions in China, as well as certain strategic fortifications and ports. The IJA 5th Division was thus transformed into the Chinese Empire Garrison Army in June 1901.
After the Xinhai Revolution overthrew the Qing dynasty and the Republic of China was proclaimed in 1911, the name was considered an anachronism, and the Chinese Empire Garrison Army was thus renamed in 1912 to the China Garrison Army.
From April 1936, as diplomatic relations between Japan and China continued to worsen, the China Garrison Army was reinforced with ten companies of infantry and one combined regiment.